CMYK WEDNESDAY www.thestatesman.com 14 FEBRUARY 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 16 |` 5.00|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR P4 WEATHER Partly cloudy sky. Maximum and minimum temparture will be around 30 and 17 degree Celsius respectively RAINFALL: NIl RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max. 75% Min. 33% TEMPERATURE Max: 29.2°C (N) SUN SETS TODAY 17:33 hrs MOON RISES 04.58 hrs Min: 18.3°C (+1) SUN RISES TOMORROW 06:09 hrs MOON SETS 16:17 hrs P10 Indian and Chinese military personnel meet on the occasion of a Chinese Spring Festival on Tuesday at Moldo garrison of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in Chushul sector of Eastern Ladakh. SNS India win fifth ODI: India clinched their maiden ODI series win on South African soil, taking an unbeatable 4-1 lead after outclassing the hosts in the fifth One-Day International in Port Elizabeth on Tuesday. Rohit Sharma scored his 17th ODI century while Kuldeep Yadav returned figures of 4/51 as the Proteas were bowled out P12 73 runs short while chasing a 274 target. P9 7.40 lakh assault rifles for troops on shopping list PRESS TRUST OF INDIA n a major decision, the defence ministry today approved capital acquisition proposals worth Rs 15,935 crore which included purchase of 7.40 lakh assault rifles, 5,719 sniper rifles and light machine guns to bolster the strength of the armed forces. The long-pending proposals were cleared at a meeting of the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), the defence ministry's highest decision-making body on procurement. The approval to the proposals come amid increasing hostilities by Pakistan along the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir as well as China's aggressive posturing in several sectors along the nearly 4,000-kmlong Sino-India border. The defence ministry said the DAC chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman cleared capital acquisition proposals which were valued at Rs 15,935 crore. It said the DAC accorded approval for procurement of 7.4 lakh assault rifles for the three services at an estimated cost of Rs 12,280 crore. The rifles will be pro- NEEDED TEETH The assault rifles will be produced in India under the Buy and Make (Indian) category through both state-run Ordnance Factory Board and private sector To enhance the anti-submarine warfare capabilities of the Navy, the DAC also cleared acquisition of Advanced Torpedo Decoy Systems. duced in India under the 'Buy and Make (Indian)' category through both staterun Ordnance Factory Board and private sector. In a statement, the ministry said “essential quantity” of Light Machine Guns (LMGs) will be through the “fast track” route at an estimated cost of over Rs 1,819 crore, primarily to meet the operational requirement of the troops deployed on the borders. “A concurrent proposal is being processed for the balance quantity to be procured under the 'Buy and Make (Indian)' categorisation,” the ministry said. In the last one month, the DAC has fast tracked procurement of rifles, carbines and LMGs to equip the soldiers on the border with modern and more effective equipment. The DAC also approved procurement of 5,719 sniper rifles for the Indian Army and Indian Air Force at an estimated cost of Rs 982 crore, the ministry said. The sniper rifles will be bought under the 'Buy Global' category; the ammunition for these weapons will be initially procured and subsequently manufactured in India. The ministry said to enhance the anti-submarine warfare capabilities of the Navy, the DAC also approved the procurement of Advanced Torpedo Decoy Systems at a cost of Rs 850 crore. The 'Mareech' system has been developed indigenously by Defence Research and Development Organisation and has successfully completed extensive trial evaluations. “The 'Mareech' systems will be produced by Bharat Electronics Limited at an estimated cost of Rs 850 crore,” the ministry said. ‘Is govt not entitled to seek ID proof from citizens?’ AGENCIES NEW DELHI, 13 FEBRUARY The Supreme Court today posed the question whether the government was not entitled to seek proof of identity from citizens if their entitlement to certain benefits were dependent upon their identities. A five-judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra also said that idea behind the Aadhaar scheme could be the reason that people should have one ID card. “If your entitlement depends on who you are, then can the government not require proof on that count? Is it not a reasonable condition?” a bench, which also comprised Justices A K Sikri, A M Khanwilkar, D Y Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan, asked. The bench, hearing pleas challenging the constitutional Earlier, the court had said that issues like denial of benefits to citizens for either want of Aadhaar or due to its non-authentication may not be a ground for holding the law as “unconstitutional” validity of the Aadhaar scheme and the enabling 2016 law, said, “even if entitlement is beyond dispute, there has to be minimal way of proving who you are”. “A condition is unconstitutional if it requires you to relinquish a constitutional right,” the bench said. The observations came after it was argued that the primary status of a person is that of a citizen and not an Aadhaar card holder. Senior advocate Kapil Sibal, appearing for theWest Bengal government, said the proof of identity has to be linked with the status of the person which entitles him or her for the benefit and moreover, the citizens must have the choice to prove their identity. Contending that Aadhaar overrides the some of the fundamental rights guaranteed under the Constitution, Sibal told the bench that any validation of Aadhaar would bind the generations to come. Sibal said: "My right to livelihood is protected by the Constitution. (But State says) you will not get your right to livelihood unless you prove your identity (by insisting on Aadhaar). That will amount to extinguishing my right." He said these entitlements are based on the Constitution andcan't be taken away by the Aad- haar Act, adding powers of the state are limited and it can do things only within the constitutional framework. At this Justice Chandrachud said that the government may be seeing Aadhaar as an enabler to access benefits' under the welfare schemes for those have no other identity proof. Questioning Sibal's submission that every citizen has some or the other identity proof, he said: "You may be wrong to assume that every Indian has one or the other proof of identity. Suppose the government was to assert that there is a large segment of society, including migrant labourers, who have absolutely no proof of identity. Then the Aadhaar is an enabler." Sibal said that if a person does not have any of the identity proofs then he can't get Aadhaar in the first instance. Five persons were killed and several others injured in a blast and subsequent fire inside an Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) drill ship at the Cochin Shipyard here on Tuesday. The deceased were identified as CSL senior fireman Unnikrishnan C S, short term contract employee safety assistant Gevin,contract fire watchman K B Jayan and two employees of a contract firmRamshad M M and Kannan MV The injured are identified as Abhilash, Sachu, Jaison, Sreerup, Christie, Tintu and Rajeev. All of the injured are under treatment at the Medical Trust Hospital, Kochi. The condition of one of the injured is stated to be critical. Police said the blast took place inside a ballast tank of Sagar Bhushan, a drill vessel (photo) owned by Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), which was undergoing repair at the Cochin Shipyard. However, the cause of the explosion is yet to be AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE JOHANNESBURG, 13 FEBRUARY the head of state, but the process is a party-level instruction and Zuma is under no constitutional obligation to obey. Zuma is expected to respond to the recall on Wednesday, and could be ousted in a parliamentary vote of no-confidence if he clings to office. The power struggle over Zuma's departure has put him at loggerheads with Cyril Ramaphosa, his expected successor, who is the new head of the African National Congress. The ANC's leadership com- mittee met for 13 hours at a hotel outside Pretoria, and decided in the early hours of Tuesday to "recall" Zuma from his post. A committee member confirmed to AFP that the president had asked for three more months in office, and described the request as "hogwash". "We just felt he meant three months of looting," the member said, speaking on condition of anonymity. Local media reported that Zuma was pushing for an exit deal that included covering his potentially ruinous legal fees from prolonged court battles against multiple criminal charges. One case relates to 783 payments he allegedly received linked to an arms deal before he came to power. He is also reportedly seeking legal protection for his family and other associates involved in controversial deals. Ben Payton of the Londonbased Maplecroft risk consultancy said the recall was "a political death sentence" for the president. "If Ramaphosa had agreed to help protect Zuma from prosecution in any way, his leadership would have been tainted ~ perhaps fatally," he added. The impasse has plunged South Africa ~ the continent's most developed economy ~into confusion over who is running the country, with national events cancelled last week including the annual State of the Nation Address to parliament. CMYK ascertained. Tuesday was a holiday for the shipyard on account of Maha Shivaratri, but the maintenance section was reportedly open with a few workers. The casualties could have been more, had today not been a holiday. As many as 200 workers could Two terrorists killed, Srinagar gunfight ends STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE JAMMU, 13 FEBRUARY While both terrorists of the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) who attempted to barge into a CRPF camp in Srinagar on Monday were killed on Tuesday after a 30hour-long encounter, security forces foiled another group of terrorists who fired gunshots at another Army camp at Domana in Jammu in the wee hours today. Meanwhile, the death toll in the terror attack in the Army camp at Sunjwan in Jammu increased to ten today as the body of another soldier was recovered during clearing operations at the site of the four days long encounter between the security forces and JeM terrorists, according to Lt-Col Devender Anand, spokesman of the Army. Six soldiers, a civilian and three terrorists were killed in Sunjwan. The soldier whose body was recovered today has been identified as Havaldar Rakesh Chandra of 6 Mahar who belongs to Paurigarhwal in Uttrakhand. His body was flown to his native place after military honours at Jammu airport. Security forces this morning launched a massive search operation to track down two terrorists who came on a motorcycle outside the Army camp at Domana on the strategic Jammu-Akhnoor road "We know you want this matter to be finalised," Ramaphosa, 65, told a party rally in Cape Town on Sunday. "We know you want closure... Because our people want this matter to be finalised, the NEC will be doing precisely that." South African opposition parties have called for early elections as the ANC's slow-motion transfer of power to Ramaphosa grinds on. An opposition request for a no-confidence vote against Zuma, 75, this week was still being considered by the parliamentary speaker. Zuma's presidency has been marred by corruption scandals, slow economic growth and record unemployment that have fuelled public anger. He was scheduled to stand down next year after serving the maximum two terms after coming to power in 2009. In 2008, Zuma's supporters pushed out then-president Thabo Mbeki via a similar "recall" over allegations of abuse of power. have been victims of the mishap if it had not been a holiday. Union minister for road transport and highways, shipping and water resources, Nitin Gadkari, expressed shock over the loss of lives in the blast. "Shocked by the unfortunate blast at Cochin Shipyard where four people have died. My heartfelt condolences to bereaved families," Gadkari tweeted. The minister also ordered an inquiry into the incident. The blast could have been due to “gas consolidation (inside the tank),” CSL chairman and managing director Madhu S Nair said. He, however, said that the exact cause would be known only after a detailed investigation. Pak amends anti-terror law, JuD likely to be affected ISLAMABAD, 13 FEBRUARY and fired shots at the sentry at the gate. The attempt came four days after JeM terrorists attacked the Sunjwan camp, where six Army personnel and father of a jawan were killed. Police said two motorcycle-borne terrorists are believed to have approached the main gate of the camp at Domana around 4.30 a.m. and fired on the sentry post after security guards signaled them to stop. Jammu and Kashmir director general of police, SP Vaid, said that both the terrorists who tried to barge into a CRPF camp in Srinagar yesterday were killed today and arms and ammunition were recovered from them. A CRPF jawan was killed during the encounter and a policeman injured. After an overnight lull, security forces this morning launched a final assault on the terrorists holed up in an under-construction building in Karan Nagar and eliminated them. S Africa's ANC recalls Zuma from presidency South Africa's ruling ANC party on Tuesday "recalled" scandaltainted President Jacob Zuma from office but set no deadline for him to step down, pitching the country into further uncertainty. ANC secretary-general Ace Magashule told reporters that Zuma had "agreed in principle to resign" and had proposed leaving in three to six months ~ a delay that the party rejected. Magashule said there was no date for Zuma to stand down, and added that there would be "continuing interaction" between ANC officials and Zuma. "The NEC (National Executive Committee) decided... to recall its deployee Jacob Zuma," Magashule told reporters, saying the move "was taken only after exhaustive discussion on the impact such a recall would have on the country". The ANC party can "recall" P11 STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE KOCHI, 13 FEBRUARY I THUMBNAILS FEDERER PLOTS RETURN TO TOP IN ROTTERDAM 5 killed in blast on ONGC ship MoD clears mega small arms purchase NEW DELHI, 13 FEBRUARY New moon on 15 February LANKA'S UNP IN CRISIS AFTER RAJAPAKSA WIN ‘US WILLING TO TALK TO N KOREA SANS PRECONDITIONS’ ‘RSS MEN PLANTED IN EVERY MINISTRY’ In local polls in 2016, the ANC recorded its worst electoral result since coming to power in 1994 with Nelson Mandela at the helm as white-minority rule fell. Ramaphosa, the deputy president, must revive the economy and crack down on what he has admitted is rampant government corruption if he is to boost the party's tarnished reputation before a tricky election next year. He is a former trade unionist and Mandela ally who led talks to end apartheid in the early 1990s and then became a multi-millionaire businessman before returning to politics. Zuma's hold over the ANC was shaken in December when his chosen successor ~ his former wife Nkosazana DlaminiZuma ~ narrowly lost to Ramaphosa in a vote to be the new party leader. The ANC has insisted there will be no delay to the budget speech, which is due on February 21. In another incident last evening, terrorists shot dead a former commander of the Hizbul Momineen outfit, Mohammad Yousuf Rather, in the Budgam district of Kashmir. The former terrorist was employed in the power development department of the J&K government. Chief minister Mehbooba Mufti visited Jammu airport and laid wreaths on bodies of the Army personnel killed during the terror attack at Sunjwan. Except one, all six soldiers and a civilian belonged to Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan warning: Pakistan’s defence minister Khurram Dastgir Khan today warned that Islamabad will “pay (back) India in its own coin” in case of any “misadventure” as he rejected his Indian counterpart Nirmala Sitharaman's remarks that Islamabad was behind the deadly Sunjwan attack, PTI adds from Islamabad. In a bid to avert international sanctions, Pakistan has quietly amended its anti-terror laws to include Hafiz Saeed-linked Jamaatud-Dawa and Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation and other militant outfits on the list of UN proscribed groups, a media report said. A major impact of a new ordinance promulgated by Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain would be the proscription of Saeed-linked JuD and FIF along with the UN-listed outfits of Al Akhtar Trust and Al Rashid Trust, Dawn reported. Saeed, the mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai terror attack, heads the charity JuD, believed to be a front for Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terror group. The move to amend the Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997 ends an old discrepancy between the UN sanctions list and the national listing of terrorist groups and individuals. It has come ahead of a Financial Action Task Force (FATF) meeting in Paris, scheduled to be held from February 18 to 23. The US and India are spearheading an effort to get Pakistan included in the watchdog's international money-laundering and terror-financing 'grey list', the paper said. Pakistan was last placed on FATF's grey list in February 2012 and stayed on it for three PTI years NEET mandatory for MBBS studies abroad PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI, 13 FEBRUARY The health ministry today made the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) mandatory for even those who wish to pursue medical courses in foreign universities. NEET was introduced in 2016 for admission to government and private medical colleges in India. “It has come to notice that medical institutions/ universities of foreign countries admit Indian students without proper assessment or screening of the students' academic ability to cope with medical education with the result that many students fail to qualify the screening test. “In this regard, the proposal of Medical Council of India (MCI) to amend the Screening Test Regulations, 2002, making it mandatory to qualify NEET to pursue foreign medical course has been approved,” a health ministry statement said. According to a senior ministry official, just 12-15 per cent of the graduates who come back after studying abroad manage to clear the Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE). “If they don't clear the FMGE, they don't get registered to practise in India. In such cases, they start quackery or practise illegally, which can be dangerous. So the move is aimed at ensuring only competent students get to study medicine in foreign universities,” he said. At present, a student who wishes to persue medical courses outside India has to get an ‘Essentiality Certificate’ from the MCI. Every year, around 7,000 students go abroad to study medicine, mostly to China and Russia.
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