SATURDAY www.thestatesman.com 10 MARCH 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 16+4 |`3|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR ‘LAND THE BIGGEST TREASURE FOR INDIA’ A QUINTESSENTIAL MAN P8 SENSEX 33,307.14 -44.43 WEATHER Mainly clear sky. Mist/shallow fog in the morning. Maximum and minimum temperatures likely to be around 32 and 15 degrees Celsius respectively. RAINFALL: Nil RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.91% Max: 32.2°C (+3) SUN RISES 06:36 hrs MOON RISES 02:17 hrs NIFTY 10,226.85 -15.80 ` vs $ 65.17 -3 PAISE Trump agrees to meet Kim to ease nuclear tension Min: 14.8°C (+1) SUN SETS 18:26 hrs MOON SETS 12:17 hrs THUMBNAILS WASHINGTON, 9 MARCH Rapid Action Force personnel detain members of Tibetan community protesting outside the Chinese embassy to mark the 59th anniversary of the Tibetan uprising against Chinese rule, in AMARJEET SINGH the Capital on Friday French Prez arrives on 4-day visit, Modi d receives him at airport: French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in New Delhi Friday night on a four-day India visit and was received at the airport by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Macron was accompanied by his wife Brigitte Marie-Claude Macron, besides senior ministers from his Cabinet. During the visit, the two countries would look to boost ties. First arrest in Gauri Lankesh murder case: Six months after the murder of journalist Gauri Lankesh, Karnataka police Friday arrested a man said to be linked with a right-wing radical group for his suspected involvement in the sensational killing. The SIT, probing the murder, said it arrested alleged gunrunner K T Naveen Kumar, who was taken into cusP4 tody on 2 March for interrogation. RBI slaps Rs 5 cr on AIrtel Payments Bank for violating KYC norms: The Reserve Bank has imposed a penalty of Rs 5 crore on Airtel Payments Bank for violating operating guidelines and Know Your Customer (KYC) norms. The fine was imposed after RBI scrutinised the P11 bank's documents. Stiff US import duties: US President Donald Trump on Friday imposed heafty tariffs on imported steel and aluminium, citing national security concerns and the need to protect American industries from “unfair” business practices, triggering fears of a global trade P12 war. Trump signed two proclamations. Banks’ gross NPAs: The gross NPAs of all the banks in the country amounted to Rs 8,40,958 crore in December, led by industry loans followed by services and agriculture sectors, govt said. Gross NPAs or bad loans of scheduled commercial banks as on Dec 31, 2017 due to loans to industry were at Rs 6,09,222 cr. P11 GOLD 29,310.00 -90.00 US President Donald Trump on Friday said he has agreed to meet North Korea's top leader Kim Jong-Un by May, setting the stage for a historic summit between the two leaders who have repeatedly traded insults amid spiralling tensions over Pyongyang's nuclear and missile programmes. Speaking outside the White House after briefing Trump, South Korean National Security Adviser Chung Eui-yong said he had passed on a message that Chairman Kim was “committed to denuclearisation” and had “pledged that North Korea will refrain from any further nuclear or missile tests”.TheWhite House said Trump had agreed to the proposed face-to-face meeting. “He will accept the invitation to meet with Kim Jong-Un at a place and time to be determined,” said White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders. The announcement came amid months of tension between the two adversaries. If the meeting takes place, it would be the first ever between leaders of the two countries.Trump himself confirmed the meeting in a tweet, adding that US sanctions would remain in place until a denuclearisation deal was achieved. “Kim Jong-Un talked about denuclearisation with the South Korean Representatives, not just a freeze. Also, no missile testing by North Korea during this period of time. Great progress being made but sanctions will remain until an agreement is reached. Meeting being planned!,” Trump tweeted. North Korea last year increased the pace of its missile programme. KOLKATA, 9 MARCH Kolkata Police Friday booked Team India pacer Mohammed Shami and four others under various non-bailable and bailable sections after his wife Hasin Jahan lodged a complaint of domestic violence and infidelity against the cricketer. The case was registered under non-bailable sections 307 (attempt to murder), 498-A (subjecting a woman to cruelty) and 376 (punishment for rape), Kolkata Police Joint CP (Crime) Praveen Tripathi said. The five have also been booked under bailable sections 323 (causing hurt) and 506 (criminal intimidation) among others, he said. “On the basis of the written letter of com- plaint of Hasin Jahan, a case has been recorded against Mohammed Shami and four others in Jadavpur police station,” Tripathi said. Police, however, declined to divulge details of the four others. Shami, in posts on his Facebook page and Twitter handle, has claimed that the allegations were false and a conspiracy to defame him. SILVER 38,500.00 00.00 BRENT CRUDE (IN $) 64.20 +0.59 ‘Terminally-ill patient or person in persistent vegetative state can execute living will’ SNS & PTI NEW DELHI, 9 MARCH n a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court on Friday recognised that a terminally-ill patient or a person in persistent vegetative state can execute an “advance medical directive” or a “living will” to refuse medical treatment, saying the right to live with dignity also includes “smoothening” the process of dying. A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra observed that the failure to legally recognise advance medical directives may amount to “non-facilitation” of the right to smoothen the dying process and the dignity in that process was also a part of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution. The apex court laid down principles relating to the procedure for execution of advance directive or 'living will' and spelt out guidelines and safeguards to give effect to passive euthanasia in both circumstances, that is where there are advance directives and where there are none. “The directive and guidelines shall remain in force till Parliament brings a legislation in the field,” CJI Misra, writing the judgement for himself and Justice A M Shami booked after wife lodges police complaint PTI P15 SC recognises ‘living will’ I AGENCIES SERENA MARKS RETURN WITH WTA WIN P13 P9 Min. 28% TEMPERATURE COURT ORDERS MUSHARRAF’S ARREST Meanwhile, Zakir Hussain, the lawyer of Hasin Jahan, claimed that she was in mental trauma and was looking forward to conclusion of the investigation into the FIR. “FIR has been filed and let the investigation conclude,” Hussain told reporters here. Asked whether Hasin was amenable to any reconciliation with the cricketer, the lawyer said that before filing the complaint, “she wanted Shami to talk to her and that he rectified himself.” Asked whether Hasin Jahan would file a complaint with the BCCI, Hussain said the cricket body had already taken suo motu action, and “we will take a call on whether or not to file any complaint as and when we feel necessary”. Khanwilkar, said. The other three judges of the bench - Justices A K Sikri, D Y Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan penned separate concurring verdicts in the combined judgement running into 538 pages. Justice Chandrachud, writing a separate 134-page verdict, said that life and death were “inseparable” and it was necessary for the court to recognise that dignity of citizens continues to be safeguarded by the Constitution even when the “life is seemingly lost and questions about our own mortality confront us in the twilight of existence”. “Dignity in the process of dying is as much a part of the right to life under Article 21. To deprive an individual of dignity towards the end of life is to deprive the individual of a meaningful existence. Hence, the Constitution protects the legitimate expectation of every person to lead a life of dignity until death occurs,” he said. In his 192-page judgement, the CJI noted that in case of a terminally-ill patient or a person in persistent vegetative state (PVS) where there was no hope of recovery, “accelerating the process of death for reducing the period of suffering constitutes a right to live with dignity”. The failure to legally recognise advance medical directives may amount to “non-facilitation” of the right to smoothen the dying process and the dignity in that process was also a part of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution. SC CONSTITUTION BENCH Right to life and liberty as envisaged under Article 21 is “meaningless” unless it encompasses within its sphere the individual dignity, the CJI said, adding, “Though the sanctity of life has to be kept on the high pedestal yet in cases of terminally-ill persons or PVS patients where there is no hope for revival, priority shall be given to the advance directive and the right of selfdetermination.” Justice Sikri, who wrote a 112-page separate verdict, concurred with the directions given by the CJI and hoped that the Legislature would step in at the earliest and enact a comprehensive law on 'living will/advance directive' so that “there is a proper statutory regime to govern various aspects and nuances thereof which also take care of the apprehensions that are expressed against euthanasia.” Writing a sep- arate but concurring 100page judgement, Justice Bhushan reiterated the conclusion arrived at in a 1996 judgement by a constitution bench in the Gian Kaur case that the right to die with dignity is a fundamental right. “We declare that an adul thumanbeinghavingmental capacity to take an informed decision has the right to refuse medical treatment,includingwithdrawalfromlife-saving devices,” Justice Bhushan said, adding that a person of “competent mental faculty” is entitled to execute an advance medical directive in accordance with the safeguards spelt out by the court. The top court also held that when passive euthanasia as a “situational palliative measure becomes applicable”, the best interest of the patient shall override the state interest. The CJI said though there was Karti’s CBI custody extended STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 9 MARCH A special court here on Friday granted the CBI the custody of Karti Chidambaram, son of ex-Union Finance Minister P Chidambaram, for three more days for his further custodial interrogation in the INX Media case, even as the Delhi High Court restrained the ED from arresting Karti in an alleged related money laundering case till 20 March. Special CBI judge Sunil Rana remanded Karti in the CBI custody till 12 March after the probe agency claimed it had recovered some "incriminating documents and CD" from the Chennai office of Advantage Strategic Pvt Ltd, a company allegedly linked to Karti. The trial court asked the CBI to produce Karti before it on 12 March, even as it posted the hearing on his bail plea on 15 March. Its order came several hours after a Delhi High Court Bench of Justices S Muralidhar and I S Mehta granted Karti interim protection from the ED's arrest till the next date of hearing, 20 March. The high court asked the ED to satisfy it over its powers to arrest an accused under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act on 20 March. Karti has been in the CBI custody for the past nine days since the agency arrested him from the Chennai airport immediately upon his return from the UK on 28 February. The Bench stipulated certain conditions to be imposed on Karti like asking him to appear before the ED as and when summoned and cooperate in its investigation. It also directed that he should not leave the country and surrender his passport. Additional Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, who is appearing for both the CBI and the ED in the case, told the trial court that Karti's custodial interrogation by the CBI was needed in view of fresh "incriminating documents". He said Karti was also needed to be confronted with his chartered accountant S Bhaskararaman, arrested by the ED earlier, who was Friday remanded in judicial custody till 22 March. Karti's counsel Abhishek Singhvi said : "It's tragic for me (Karti).They have no new reason for my remand. They Sonia attacks Modi, says nation led by regressive vision SNS & PTI MUMBAI, 9 MARCH Former Congress president Sonia Gandhi on Friday tore into the Modi government alleging that the country is being led by“regressive vision” and asked if India was really a “giant black hole” before May 2014 and marched to progress only after BJP came to power at the Centre. Gandhi, 71, also alleged that the country, the society, its freedom are now all under systematic and sustained threat and that there is “rewriting of history, falsifying facts and fanning prejudice and bigotry”. In a deeply introspective speech that was followed by a question and answer session, the UPA chairperson spoke on a wide range of topics, including her children, her own shortcomings and the role of democracy in India, the first time she has opened up since relinquishing the party president post. Gandhi was addressing the IndiaToday Conclave here. Gandhi's no-holds-barred attack came a day after her son and Congress President Rahul Gandhi hit out at the BJP alleging there is a general atmosphere of“intimidation” in India where “nasty form of politics” of dividing people are being played to win elections. During the interactive session, Sonia Gandhi alleged that the Modi government's “lack of accommodative spirit” has led to the present pol- itics of acrimony in Parliament which has been rocked by disruptions during this entire week. Gandhi also said she chose Manmohan Singh as the prime minister in 2004 as she was aware of her limitations and knew that he was a better candidate. “I knew my limitations. I knew Manmohan Singh would be a better prime minister than me.” She alleged that there is shocking insensitivity to atrocities on Dalits and women and that the society is being polarised in a bid to win elections. “Our country, our society, our freedom are now all under systematic and sustained threat. There is rewriting of history, falsifying facts and fanning prejudice and bigotry,” she said. “Today we are presented with an alternative and indeed regressive vision,” Gandhi said. “Was India really a giant black hole before May 2014 and start marching to progress only four years ago. Is this not an insult to the intelligence of of our people? It is not a matter of taking credit but acknowledging India's strength,” said the Lok Sabha member from Rae Bareli. She also said callous remarks about changing the Constitution were deliberate attempts to subvert the essence of India it enshrines. “Provocative statements from the ruling establishments are not random or accidental but a part of a dangerous design. Alternate voices are being silenced. Freedom to no legal framework in India as regards to the advance medical directive, the apex court was obliged to protect the right of the citizens enshrined under Article 21 of the Constitution. “In our considered opinion, advance medical directive would serve as a fruitful means to facilitate the fructification of the sacrosanct right to life with dignity,” he said. “The said directive, we think, will dispel many a doubt at the relevant time of need during the course of treatment of the patient. That apart, it will strengthen the mind of the treating doctors as they will be in a position to ensure, after being satisfied, that they are acting in a lawful manner,” the CJI said. The apex court also laid down guidelines as to who could execute the advance directive and how, what should it contain, how should it be recorded and preserved, when and by whom can it be given effect to, what if permission is refused by the medical board and also in the event of revocation or inapplicability of advance directive. The court also spelt the guidelines to be followed in cases where there would be no advance directive, saying that such persons cannot be “alienated”. are inventing one. CBI has to justify remand every day and every minute...they need my custody to harass me". P Chidambaram was present during the proceedings in both the courts, while his wife Nalini, also an advocate, was present in the trial court. On 15 May 2017, the CBI had lodged an FIR, alleging irregularities in the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) clearance to INX Media for receiving Rs 305 crore overseas funds in 2007 when Karti's father was the FM. INX Media was then owned by Peter and Indrani Mukerjea, who have been in jail on charges of allegedly murdering Indrani's daughter Sheena Bora. The CBI had initially charged that Karti received Rs 10 lakh as kickback for the FIPB clearance. It, however, recently revised this figure to USD1 million. TMC to back Singhvi in RS poll from Bengal ‘Chose Manmohan as a better PM candidate than me’ SNS to a question on why she chose not to become the prime minister even after leading the UPA to power in 2004. Gandhi, who is a MP from Rae Bareli, also said that she would contest the 2019 Lok Sabha polls from the same constituency if her party decides so. “Whatever decision the party takes,” she said when asked whether she would contest the polls from Rae Bareli. Gandhi, 71, who was Congress president for 19 years, was replaced by her son Rahul last year after internal party elections.The UPA chairperson spoke on a wide range of topics, including her children, her own shortcomings and the role of democracy in India, the first time she has opened up since relinquishing the party president’s post. ed. Parliamentary majority is being interpreted as a licence to stifle debate and bulldoze legislations. Political opponents are being targeted through misuse of investigative agencies,” she said. “The Opposition is not allowed to speak in Parliament. People are angry with Congress for the disruptions in Parliament. But there are serious reasons for it. Parliamentary rules are not followed. There is no accommodative spirit’’. MUMBAI, 9 MARCH Congress leader Sonia Gandhi on Friday said she chose Manmohan Singh as the prime minister in 2004 as she was aware of her limitations and knew that he was a better candidate. She was speaking at the India Today Conclave here. “I knew my limitations. I knew Manmohan Singh would be a better prime minister than me,” Gandhi said.The former Congress president was responding think, marry according to ones wishes is under attack. Religious tensions are being fuelled, vigilante mobs and private armies have been let loose,” she charged. “Long standing principles that have stood the country well are being violat- KOLKATA,9 MARCH Trinamul Congress (TMC) supremo Mamata Banerjee on Friday said her party would supportAbhishekManuSinghvi of the Congress in the upcoming Rajya Sabha elections from the state. She said this at the extended core committeee meeting of her party at Nazrul Manch. Announcing the names of four Trinamul candidates for the RS poll at the party's extended core committee meeting here, she said,“Abhishek Manu Singhvi and Kapil Sibal also the Congress MP have fought many court cases for us.’’ SNS (MORE ON PAGE 7)
The Statesman is one of India's oldest English newspapers. It was founded in Kolkata in 1875 and is directly descended from The Friend of India (founded 1818). The Englishman (founded 1821) was merged with The Statesman in 1934. The Delhi edition of The Statesman began publication in 1931. The Statesman Weekly is a compendium of news and views from the Kolkata and Delhi editions. Printed on airmail paper, it is popular with readers outside India. The Statesman (average weekday circulation approximately 180,000) is a leading English newspaper in West Bengal. The Sunday Statesman has a circulation of 230,000.