SUNDAY www.thestatesman.com 11 MARCH 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 20 | `5.00 |LC* KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR ACCORDING TO AFGHAN LAW, A MOTHER'S NAME SHOULD NOT BE RECORDED ON A BIRTH CERTIFICATE ALMOST THE REAL THING ~ COPYING GREAT PAINTINGS IS A THRIVING BUSINESS AS ATTESTED BY THREE RUSSIAN BROTHERS WEATHER Mainly clear sky. Max and min temp to be around 34/22 degrees Celsius, resp. RAINFALL: Nil RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.86% TEMPERATURE Resolve to combat terrorism, agree to intensify cooperation in Pacific Min. 23% ASHOK TUTEJA Max: 33.7°C (+1) Min: 21.6°C (0) SUN SETS SUN RISES 17:55 hrs 05:49 hrs MOON RISES MOON SETS 01:19 hrs 12:30 hrs First quarter of moon on 13 March THUMBNAILS Leander to be considered for Davis Cup tie: Veteran Leander Paes is in contention to make a comeback to the Indian Davis Cup squad for next month's tie against China as the selectors get ready to announce the team P11 on Sunday (today). Emergency landing: An Indian Coast Guard helicopter, on a routine patrol with four crew members on board, made an emergency landing near Nandgaon beach in Raigad district of Maharashtra this afternoon, injuring a woman co-pilot, an ICG official said. The Navy had earlier said that the helicopter had “crash landed”. Bhaiyyaji Joshi elected as RSS gen secy for 4th term: Ending media speculation, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) on Saturday elected incumbent Suresh (Bhaiyyaji) Joshi as general secretary (Sar Karyawaha) for another three-year term, his fourth in succession. Joshi was elected unanimously. Prabhu to look after Aviation India, France ink 14 pacts for better ties NEW DELHI, 10 MARCH aking their strategic ties to a new plane, India and France on Saturday signed 14 key agreements in areas like defence, nuclear energy and protection of classified information and agreed to intensify cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region as French President Emmanuel Macron conveyed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi Paris’s resolve to join hands with New Delhi in combating terrorism, Islamic fundamentalism and radicalisation. Without directly naming Pakistan or any other nation, the two leaders, in a joint statement, called upon all countries to work towards rooting out terrorist safe havens and infrastructure, disrupting networks and their financing channels and halting cross-border movement of terrorists belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed, Hizbul-Mujahideen, Lashkare-Taiba, Al Qaeda, Daesh/ISIS and their affiliates who threaten peace and security in South Asia and the Sahel region, a joint statement issued after the Modi-Macron talks said. The two countries also inked pacts in fields like education, environment, urban development and railways after wide-ranging talks between the two leaders on bilateral issues T Prime Minister Modi with French President Emmanuel Macron before a high-level meeting at Hyderabad House in the Capital on Saturday. SHAHNAWAZ KHAN (SEE ALSO P 8) as well as international developments. At a media interaction with Macron, Modi described France as one of the most trusted defence partners of India. He also spoke about Paris’s commitment to his ‘Make in India’ initiative in the defence sector. On his part, the French leader said he wanted his country to be India's best partner in Europe. "France is the entry point to Europe. We want to be India's best partner in Europe," Macron said. The two leaders also welcomed the ‘Joint Strategic Vision of India-France Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region’ as a guiding beacon for partnership between their two countries. Apparently taking a dig at China for its growing ambition in the South China Sea, the two leaders reiterated that cooperation between India and France would be crucial in order to maintain the safety of international sea lanes for unimpeded commerce and communications in accordance with the international law, for countering maritime terrorism and piracy. ‘’Indian Ocean cannot be a place for hegemony,’’ the French President said. Significance is being attached to the agreement for logistics support between the armed forces of the two countries. Under the accord, India is expected to be permitted to use French bases in the Indian Ocean and, in return, allow French naval vessels access to Indian ports for repair and resupply. The pact also has provisions for joint exercises, joint training, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief efforts. The agreement regarding the exchange and reciprocal protection of classified or protected information will enable the two countries not to divulge information classified ‘secret’ by either side. It would apparently also cover cost details of the Rafale jet deal on which the Modi government has been facing intense heat from the Congress party. The agreement on nuclear cooperation prescribes a way forward for the implementation of the Jaitapur plant. Development in ‘aspirational’ districts step towards social justice: PM Asserting that shortage of resources was not the reason for lack of development but governance was, PM Narendra Modi said good governance, effective implementation of schemes and focussed activities were needed for development. PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI, 10 MARCH Prime Minister Narendra Modi today told lawmakers that working for development in most backward districts would be a step towards social justice and that “hardcore politics” of struggle and agitation was no longer as relevant as it used to be. Addressing a National Legislators Conference on “We for development” at Parliament's Central Hall, he spoke about social justice in the context of allround development of 115 most backward districts identified and dubbed by his government as “aspirational”. If all children go to schools and all households get electricity, then it would be a step towards social justice, the prime minister told the gathering of central ministers, MPs and legislators from states. Asserting that shortage of budget or resources were not the reasons for E-way Bill rollout from 1 April CADETS ON A HIGH NEW DELHI, 10 MARCH NEW DELHI, 10 MARCH Union Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu was on Saturday given the additional charge of the Civil Aviation Ministry. President Ram Nath Kovind, on the advice of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, assigned Prabhu the additional charge of the Ministry of Civil Aviation, a statement issued by the Rashtrapati Bhavan said. The Civil Aviation portfolio was earlier held by the TDP's Minister, Ashok Gajapathi Raju, who had resigned along with his party's another Minister Y S Chowdary from the Union Council of Ministers on 8 March over the TDP's differences with the BJP-led NDA government on their demand for special category status for Andhra Pradesh. President Kovind had accepted the resignations of the two TDP's SNS Ministers on Friday. The 26th GST Council meeting held on Saturday decided that the e-way bill will be implemented from 1 April for inter-state movement of goods. Briefing the media after the crucial GST Council meet, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said, “Intra-state e-way bill will be rolled out in phased manner with four groups of states. Each group will come under it every week after 1st April and efforts will be made to implement it across the country by April end.” The inter-state e-way bill last December was approved for an early mandatory roll-out from 1 February but due to technical glitches, it was deferred. E-way bill is an electronic bill required to be procured by transporters and traders under the GST regime for transportation of goods and services beyond a radius of 10 P8 km. SNS Indian Army cadets celebrate after their graduation ceremony at the Officers Training Academy in Chennai on Saturday. A total of 255 cadets including 37 women graduated from the academy and will be posted as lieutenants in the Indian Army. AFP ‘Deal with North Korea very much in the making’ AGENCIES WASHINGTON, 10 MARCH A deal with North Korea is very much in the making, and if completed, it would be a very good one for the world, US President Donald Trump has said, a day after he stunned the global community by accepting an invitation to meet North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. The Washington Post said Trump's personal involvement in the White House's deliberations over the world's most serious and vexing security situation “has placed a president who considers himself a master dealmaker into the most fraught faceoff of his 71 years”. “The deal with North Korea is very much in the making and will be, if completed, a very good one for the World. Time and place to be determined,” Trump said in a tweet, as experts and analysts scrambled to decipher the unexpected and surprising decision of the president. “A breakthrough that would reduce Pyongyang's nuclear threat would be a legacydefining achievement. A stalemate that gives Kim a photoop for nothing in return could fracture US alliances and be seen as a devastating embarrassment,” the daily said. According to the Wall Street Journal, Trump has stood the traditional diplomatic model on its head. “Casting aside years of protocol, the president agreed to a summit with Mr Kim before any of his aides had even sat down with a North Korean representative to clarify precisely where Pyongyang stands on fundamental nuclear issues,” it said. And for the New York Times, the high-level diplomatic encounter is so risky and seemingly far-fetched that some of Trump's aides believe it will never happen. “Several officials said on Friday that the United States still needed to establish direct contact with North Korea to verify the message from Mr Kim that was conveyed by South Korean envoys to Mr Trump on Thursday. They warned that Mr Kim could change his mind or break the promises he made about halting nuclear and missile tests during talks,” the daily said. Senator Dan Sullivan, member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said it is clear that the maximum global pressure campaign US has been focused on for months under the leadership of the Trump administration - US sanctions mandated by Congress, additional sanctions authorised by the UN Security Council, the development of credible military options, and pressuring China to do much more regarding North Korea is having a real impact and clearly starting to bite. “As we move forward with the objective of the complete denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula, staying very closely aligned with our allies in the region especially the Republic of Korea and Japan will be critical, along with the continuation of the maximum pressure campaign, US-Republic of Korea joint military exercises, and importantly the stationing of US military forces on the Korean Peninsula,” Sullivan said. House Democratic Whip Steny H Hoyer welcomed the initiative from South Korea and hope it can lead to a peaceful resolution of the North Korean nuclear crisis. “However, we have to be very careful and skeptical of any overtures by North Korea, given its history of failing to deliver on its commitments. The president and our negotiators must approach this development with due caution and openness, and any talks should be based on realistic expectations of what can be negotiated and verified,” he said. Senator Mark R Warner, vice chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, said that diplomacy is the right path forward to deal with North Korea. lack of development but governance was, Modi said good governance, effective implementation of schemes and focussed activities were needed for development. “There used to be a time when hardcore politics, round-the-clock politics involving agitations and struggle would work. Time has changed. Whether you are in power or in opposition, what matters is whether if you come to people's help,” he told parliamentarians and legislators from states. Things like how much agitation you did, how many 'morchas' you took out and how many times you went to jail would matter to your political career 20 years back, but things have changed now, Modi told the lawmakers and asked them to work towards fulfilling developmental targets in their regions. The prime minister said that though he cannot ask them to leave hardcore politics, but changes in society will make them do so. A discussion on social justice is often confined to social conditions but there are more dimensions to it, he said, adding that if there is electricity in one home or one village but not in the neighbouring home or village, social justice dictates that they too get electricity. In India, the phrase 'social justice' is loaded with political meaning as political parties, especially those from 'Janata Parivar', have used the plank to rally backward castes and other weaker sections of society around them. The BJP under Modi has injected a narrative of development into this and often succeeded in winning over a large section of these communities in one election after another. The prime minister said lawmakers who get elected repeatedly, were often those identified with something beyond politics by their constituents. ‘Would have thrown note ban file to dustbin if I were PM’: Rahul Rahul Gandhi (C) attends an event in Kuala Lumpur on Saturday. AFP PRESS TRUST OF INDIA SINGAPORE, 10 MARCH Congress president Rahul Gandhi said today that demonetisation was “not a good” initiative and if he were the prime minister he would have thrown the proposal in the “dustbin”. Gandhi is on a fiveday trip to the Southeast Asian countries. He began the Malaysia leg of his visit today and interacted with an “enthusiastic gathering” of Indian diaspora in Kuala Lumpur. Asked how he would have rolled out demonetisation differently, Gandhi said “if I were the Prime Minister and somebody would have given me a file with demonetisation written on it, I would thrown it in the dustbin, out of the door and into the junkyard.” “That is how I would have rolled it out, because that is what I think should have been done with the demonetisation which was not good at all,” he said in a video shared by the Congress party on its Twitter handle. The demonetisation initiative was rolled out by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 8, 2016, announcing the invalidation of high-value currency notes currency notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000. Congress party has strongly criticised demonetisation, saying the move has led to economic slowdown. Earlier at the University of California, Berkeley Gandhi had said that Modi had caused “tremendous damage” to India's economy with his “reckless and dangerous” decisions like demonetisation and “hastily-applied” GST. Responding to a question on women empowerment, Gandhi also said equality was not “good enough” for women empowerment and asserted that women have to be given more support than men to end the bias against them. “I don't treat women equal to men, but better than men. I think there is a bias in all societies, including in western society and that bias needs to be corrected. And to correct that bias, equality is not good enough, you have to be partial to women and give them more support than you give men,” he said.
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