CMYK MONDAY www.thestatesman.com 12 MARCH 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 16 |` 5.00|LC* KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR GOOD SPEECH, YET NON-CONSEQUENTIAL DELHI STAND-OFF SHOULD END NOW P7 WEATHER Mainly clear sky. Maximum and minimum temperatures likely to be around 36 and 22 degree celsius, respectively. RAINFALL: Nil RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.81% Max: 36.3°C (+3) SUN RISES 05:48 hrs MOON RISES 02.07 hrs P6 PAES IS BACK IN THE MIX FOR DAVIS CUP P15 P11 Arms seized, cops say Sikkim helped Bimal with cash Xi set to rule China for life as Parl scraps term limit First Chinese leader after founder chairman Mao to remain in power lifelong Min. 17% TEMPERATURE TRIBUTE TO MANDELA AGENCIES Min: 21.1°C (-1) SUN SETS 17:45 hrs MOON SETS 13:19 hrs First quarter of moon on 13 March THUMBNAILS Shooting gold: Young Akhil Sheoran (in photo) clinched the gold medal in men's 50m rifle 3 position with plenty to spare as India continued their superlative run at the ISSF World Cup in Guadalajara, Mexico. Sheoran, thus, became the fourth young Indian shooter to win a medal on ISSF World Cup debut. This was after the likes of Shahzar Rizvi, Manu Bhaker, Mehuli Ghosh and Anjum Moudgil had put India on top of the medal standings with their performances over the last week. Sheoran's gold was India's fourth of the competition and makes it almost certain that the country P11 would finish on top of the medals tally. Shoes thrown at Sharif: An Islamic seminary student on Sunday hurled shoes at Pakistan's ousted PM Nawaz Sharif during a function at a seminary, a day after a religious extremist blackened the face of Foreign Minister Khwaja Asif with ink. Sharif was about to address a gathering at a seminary in Lahore when the student lobbed shoes at him which hit his shoulder. Video footage of the incident showed Sharif, 68, visibly shaken. The student along with his accomplice also jumped on stage where Sharif was standing and chanted slogans praising Mumtaz Qadri, the murderer of former Punjab governor Salman Taseer. 25 trapped in TN forest fire: A sudden forest fire trapped around 25 students on a mountain climbing training camp on Sunday in Kurangani hills in Theni district of Tamil Nadu with 12 being rescued so far. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, who was approached by Chief Minister K Palaniswami for help to rescue them and been in touch with Theni District Collector, said 10-15 students were making their way to the foothills (after being rescued). In a sreies of tweets she said two helicopters of the IAF from its Sulur base near Coimbatore were being sent to assist in the rescue operations. BEIJING, 11 MARCH hina's rubberstamp parliament today allowed President Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely, perhaps for life, as it ratified a contentious constitutional amendment to abolish the two-term presidential limit, making him the most powerful leader since Chairman Mao Zedong. The amendment to give 64-year-old Xi an indefinite term effectively ended the collective leadership system followed by the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC) to avert a dictatorship from emerging in an otherwise one-party state akin to the era of Mao which witnessed the most brutal events like Cultural Revolution resulting in the killings of millions of people. Set for his second fiveyear term as president this month, Xi, the most powerful leader in recent decades heading the CPC and the military, will now be the first Chinese leader after founder chairman Mao to remain in power lifelong. The National People's Congress (NPC) has kept its reputation as the rubber stamp parliament for its routine approval of CPC proposals by voting exactly to the official script. The amendment removing the term limits for the president and the vice president was approved by the NPC with 2,958 in favour, two against and three abstentions, official media reported. The two votes of C dissent apparently had official sanction to show a semblance of diversity. For today's vote, the NPC chose to follow paper ballot system instead of hand raising and electronic voting. Xi stood up first at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing to cast his paper ballot in a red box. The first Constitution of China was enacted in 1954. The current Constitution has been in place since 1982 and has undergone four amendments in 1988, 1993, 1999 and 2004. The removal of the term limit was regarded as the biggest political change in the one-party system which has remained in force in China since 1949. Ahead of the vote by deputies in the NPC, the seven member Standing Committee - the topmost body of the CPC - unanimously approved the amendment to abolish the presidential term limits. Observers say the con- stitutional amendment in effective paves the way for China's transition from being a one-party state to a one-leader state with Xi, described by some as an “Emperor”, to remain in power in the foreseeable future. Xi, christened as “lingxiu” - a leader with highest prestige, is aggressively pushing China's military modernisation to make the world's largest army a mightier force capable of winning modern wars. The proposal of a limitless tenure for Xi has sparked worldwide concerns specially in China's neighbourhood. For India, observers say, Xi's continuation will have particular significance, especially in the backdrop of last year's 73-day-long Dokalam standoff where Chinese troops tried to build a road in the area claimed by Bhutan to reach close to India's narrow corridor connecting its northeastern states. Mevani held for protest against hospital in private hands SNS AHMEDABAD, 11 MARCH Gujarat’s Dalit icon Jignesh Mevani, now an independent MLA, has once again been detained by the police. This time for protesting against the Government’s decision to hand over the Civil Hospital in Dahod to a private pharmaceutical company. Jignesh was leading a protest against handing over the Civil Hospital in the tribal district of Dahod to the Zydus Cadila phar- maceutical company which, the residents allege, has started charging high fees from the patients, mostly tribals. The Civil Hospital at Dahod, the headquarters of the tribal district by the same name, was handed over to Ahmedabad-based Zydus Cadila pharma in October last year for starting a medical college. Locals have alleged that the hospital run by the Zydus Cadila does not have any doctors with MBBS degree and the only seven doctors working there are homoeopaths. Apart from charging high fees the hospital charges even for the blood supplied by the Red Cross for free, said some of the protesters who joined Mevani in the protest. This is not the first time the government was handed over a hospital built with public money to the private sector. The Bhuj General Hospital, which collapsed in the January 2001 earthquake and was rebuilt ws, was also handed over to a corporate house. Under Xi, China has poured billions of dollars into India's neighbourhood in projects like ChinaPakistan Economic Corridor traversing through PoK, projects in Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives, raising India's strategic stakes. The CPC has justified scrapping of term limits for Xi saying that it is aimed at strengthening coordination between the party, the military and the country and dismissed concerns of the return of Mao-era dictatorship as “groundless”. Significantly, today's amendment also removed term limits for the vice president. The inclusion of the vice president was notably aimed at reinforcing Xi's support base as his trusted lieutenant, 69-year-old Wang Qishan, is tipped to take over the post despite a widely-followed convention by Chinese leaders to retire after 68 years of age. Wang headed the dreaded anti-graft campaign carried out by Xi since he began his first term in 2013. The NPC in the next few days is also set to ratify new names for all top government posts. The entire Chinese government is set to change, including the entire cabinet. Xi began his second five-year term as General Secretary of the CPC and Chairman of the Central Military Commission last year after the once-in-fiveyears congress of the party endorsed him for a second term. Two five-year tenures were permitted for top SNS DARJEELING, 11 MARCH leaders of the party. His predecessors - Jiang Zemin who was in power from 1993 to 2003 and Hu Jintao from 2003 to 2013 stepped down as the General Secretary of the party as well as president after a widely followed rule as well as a convention of two terms to promote collective leadership system in the one-party state. Xi, a 'princeling' and son of a vice premier, who was vice president under Hu, took over all the three posts in 2013 and subsequently emerged as the most powerful leader of China after Mao with little or no resistance in the party. The president's post is largely ceremonial while the real power rests with the CPC General Secretary and Chairman of the Military Commission, the overall military high-command. But the president is the only one with a formal limit of two terms - introduced by late paramount leader Deng Xiaoping to prevent another lifelong dictatorship after Mao's rule. The NPC also endorsed another constitutional amendment to enshrine Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the country's Constitution. This would make Xi the only leader after Mao and his predecessor Deng whose thoughts were written into the Constitution. It would place him above the rest of the leaders of the party. As police recovered a cache of arms and ammunition from Limbu Batsi, around 12 km from here today, they said Gorkha Jan Mukti Morcha leader Bimal Gurung had distributed more such weapons to wage a war against the state. Police also claimed that they have come to know that Sikkim had helped the absconding Hill leader with cash and that Mr Gurung had taken a total of Rs 1.50 crore until now. The weapons recovered today included a double barrel gun and two country-made guns, along with 15 rounds of ammunition and 22 patangs (sharpedged weapons) and 50 metres of camouflage dress. “One person called Bhaskar Mukhia of Pokhriabong was arrested in the last week of February. He runs a nursery there. When the agitation started, Gurung made him the relief committee chairman and Bhaskar used to get assistance from the Sikkim government in the form of cash. Mukhia had stated that once Rs 1 crore cash was received by Morcha leader PT Ola, and the second time he received Rs 50 lakh. There could be other instances, also but we have come to know about this till now,” Darjeeling SP (Operations) Amarnath K said. The SP also said that Bhaskar had told them that Mr Gurung used to collect country-made guns and other arms with the help of middlemen and that the main organiser Severed leg as UP hosp pillow PRESS TRUST OF INDIA JHANSI (UP), 11 MARCH A man's leg, which got severed in a bus accident, was allegedly used as a pillow to prop him up at the staterun Maharani Laxmibai Medical College here, prompting the Uttar Pradesh government to suspend four staff and order a departmental probe into it. Ghanshyam (28) claimed that the hospital staff put the severed leg under his head as a pillow. He had lost the leg in the accident on Saturday and was brought to the hospi- tal in a critical condition. However, the medical college's principal, Sadhna Kaushik, said a four-member committee has been formed to find out who put the severed leg under the patient's head. Taking cognisance of the alleged incident, state medical education minister Ashutosh Tandon, late last night, directed suspension of two doctors and two nurses with immediate effect on the ground of laxity in discharging their duty. PM for concessional financing of solar projects SNS & PTI NEW DELHI, 11 MARCH Prime Minister Narendra Modi today called for concessional financing and less-risky funds for solar projects to raise the share of solar power in the energy basket, provide cheaper electricity and cut carbon emissions. Speaking at the founding conference of the International Solar Alliance (ISA), he said India will generate 175 gigawatts (GW) of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2022. This would be more than double the present renewable energy capacity and would be enough to overtake renewable expansion in the European Union for the first time. Modi, the chief architect of ISA that seeks to bring together 121 nations, presented 10 action points including making affordable solar technology available to all nations, raising the share of electricity generated from photovoltaic cells in the energy mix and framing regulations and standards to support the initiative. He said better and cheaper solar technology should be easily available to all nations. “We have to increase the share of solar in energy mix,” he said. Also, innovation has to be encouraged so as to provide solutions to different needs. “We have to provide concessional financing and less-risky funds for solar projects,” he said. The ISA's major objectives include global deployment of over 1,000 GW of solar generation capacity and mobilisation of investment of over USD 1 trillion into solar energy by 2030. Regulatory aspects as well as standards have to be framed which will expedite adoption of solar solutions, Modi said, adding that consultancy support has to be development for putting up bankable solar projects in developing countries. Stressing on inclusiveness, he said a vast network of centres of excellence has to be created. Solar energy policy has to be to looked at in totality for development so that it can contribute to achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs), he said. “We have to strengthen ISA Secretariat and make it more professional.” Modi called for rising above narrow private goals to make collective effort for the betterment of the mankind. He said India has launched the “world's biggest renewable energy programme with a target to generate 175 GW of electricity from renewable sources.” Of these, 100 GW is to come from solar and 60 GW from wind. “Of the target for solar energy generation, we have already achieved 20 GW installed solar power,” he said. India needs some USD 83 billion between FY2018 and FY2022 to meet its 175 GW target, according to industry estimates. Electricity from renewable sources is cheap, reliable and clean. Besides providing an alternative to polluting coal-based electricity generation, photovoltaic (PV) CMYK was Mr Gurung’s driver Sidhant Kami, alias Maila, of Limbu Basti, who was arrested on 6 March. “Gurung was assisted by Praveen Subba who lives in Patleybas and Dipen Subba, alias Dipen Limbu, who is from Teesta Valley. These two had organized an arms training camp by collecting GLP (Gorkhaland personnel) from the Dooars, Rimbick Lodhama, Jorebunglow and Rangli Rangliat in the under-construction Kanchenjunga school hostel which used to be run by Bimal Gurung,” Mr Amarnath said. Sidhant, who is on fiveday police remand, told the police that the gelatin sticks that were stolen from the NTPC site was 13 cartons, which had been brought to Patleybas and was received by Mr Gurung, police claimed, adding that the sticks were distributed to different places from the Kanchenjunga hostel. “We got information earlier also that a person from Goak Suk, Tshering Lepcha, was kidnapped by the GLP , as he used to manufacture country guns in the 86 and 90s’ agitation. He was kept captive and asked to teach them, SP said. has big potential to power irrigation and reduce the use of back-up diesel generators. At present, the country's renewable energy installed capacity is 63 GW. Solar and wind power tariffs have dropped to an all-time low of Rs 2.44 per unit and Rs 3.46 per unit, among the lowest in the world. China is targeting over 360 GW of renewable capacity generation during the period. As a demonstration of India's commitment to ISA, Modi said 500 training slots will be created for member countries and a solar technology mission will be started to lead R&D in the sector. To supplement solar energy generation, India has distributed 28 crore LED bulbs in the last three years which have helped save USD 2 billion and 4 GW of electricity, the prime minister said. ISA, headquartered in Gurgaon near here, is now a treatybased inter-governmental organisation that was established following the Paris Declaration as an alliance dedicated to the promotion of solar energy among its member countries. The Prime Minister said of the 121 countries associated with ISA, 61 have joined the alliance and 32 have ratified the Framework Agreement. Indian 'vedas' have since thousands of years considered sun as at soul of the universe and a nourisher of life. “We have to look at this ancient balanced and all-encompassing philosophy when when we today look for ways to deal with the challenge of climate change,” he said. Modi had in a speech at London's Wembley Stadium in 2015 proposed the idea of an inter-governmental organisation comprising of 121 countries, which lie either completely or partly between the two tropics, with an aim to promote solar energy. ISA was launched by him at the India Africa Summit in New Delhi and the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in October 2015 and November 2015, respectively. As the video of the man lying on a stretcher in the hospital with the severed leg under his head went viral on social and electronic media, Kaushik said strict action would be taken against those found guilty. “He (the patient) was given immediate medical aid. The doctor looked for something to raise his head. The patient's attendant used the leg for the same. We've set up a committee. Strict action will be taken if our staff is found to be at fault,” she said, adding it appears to be a case of mischief. Have forgiven father’s killers, says Rahul SINGAPORE, 11 MARCH Congress president Rahul Gandhi has said he and his sister Priyanka Gandhi have “completely forgiven” his father Rajiv Gandhi's killers as they find it “difficult to hate people”. During an interaction with IIM alumni in Singapore, Gandhi spoke about the assassination of his grandmother Indira Gandhi and father Rajiv and said that it was a price that the family knew they had to pay. “We knew that my father was going to die. We knew that my grandmother was going to die. In politics, when you mess with the wrong forces, and if you stand for something, you will die,” he said in a video. When asked if he and his sister Priyanka had forgiven his father's killers, Gandhi said: “we somehow, (we have) completely...in fact, completely PTI (forgiven them).”
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