CMYK FRIDAY www.thestatesman.com 27 APRIL 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 16 |` 5.00|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR P10 SENSEX 34,713.60 +212.33 WEATHER Partly cloudy sky. Rain/thundershower with gusty winds likely. Max-min temp likely to be 34-20 degree celsius, resp RAINFALL: 23.4 mm RELATIVE HUMIDITY Min. 54% Max: 35.1°C (0) SUN RISES 05:07 hrs MOON RISES 15.38hrs Min: 25.4°C (0) SUN SETS 18:02 hrs MOON SETS 03:23 hrs TEMPERATURE P10 NIFTY 10,617.80 +47.25 SC warns against lack of fair trial in Kathua rape case Full moon on 29 April THUMBNAILS Rain in Kolkata on Thursday night. DILIP DUTTA Modi-Xi summit today: After their first inforX mal meeting at the Sabarmati Ashram of Mahatma Gandhi in Gujarat in 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping will have a two-day “heart-to-heart” summit from Friday (today) at Wuhan, a favourite holiday spot of revolutionary leader Mao Zedong. Xi will be hosting Modi for an informal summit where officials say the two leaders would spend most of the time interacting with each other with one-on-one conversations focussing on global, regional and P3 bilateral issues. SC to hear plea against advocates, politicians: The Supreme Court on Thursday agreed to hear next week the plea of a lawyer alleging that some advocates and politicians were making contemptuous remarks against the apex judiciary on social media and news channels. A bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra considered the submission of lawyer Gaurav Bhatia, also a BJP spokesperson, that even senior lawyers and politicians were making contemptous public statements about the judiciary and the court should take judicial note of these remarks. “We will hear either on Tuesday or Wednesday,” the bench said. SILVER 39,500.00 -150.00 STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 26 APRIL major controversy erupted on Thursday in the wake of the Central government's move to return to the Supreme Court Collegium its recommendation to elevate Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice K M Joseph to the apex court. The Centre's move asking the Collegium to reconsider Justice Joseph's elevation drew sharp reactions from various quarters and might widen the rift between the executive and judiciary while even intensifying the simmering tension within the higher judiciary. The government's move came barely a day after it cleared the appointment of senior advocate Indu Malhotra as a judge of the Supreme Court while not giving the green light to Justice Joseph's elevation, even though both names were recommended by the Collegium together on 10 January this year. Indu Malhotra was today appointed as an apex court judge, becoming the first woman judge of the top court to be elevated directly from the Bar. In a letter to the Collegium head and Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, Union Law Minister Ravi U’khand CJ Justice Joseph CJI Justice Dipak Misra Shankar Prasad, returning the proposal to elevate Justice Joseph, reportedly said, "The proposed appointment of ... Joseph as a Judge of the Supreme Court at this stage does not appear to be appropriate,” adding “It would also not be fair and justified to other more senior, suitable and deserving Chief Justices” and senior judges of various High Courts. Prasad said in the allIndia High Court judges seniority list, Justice Joseph is placed at serial number 42. “There are presently 11 Chief Justices of various High Courts who are senior to him in the all-India High Court judges seniority list,” he said. In his letter, the Law Minister also said the parent High Court of Justice Joseph, the Kerala High Court, has adequate representation in the apex court and other High Courts, adding that a number of High Courts have however no representation in the Supreme Court. Prasad's letter also said, "It may be relevant to mention here that there is no representation of SCs/STs in the Supreme Court since long." The government's move drew fire from sections of legal circles, including the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA), and Opposition parties, including the Congress and the Left, who accused the Narendra Modi dispensation of allegedly seeking to interfere in the functioning of the judiciary and seeking to undermine its independence. CJI Misra, however, reportedly said the executive was well within its rights to reject Justice Joseph's name while accepting the second name even though both were recommended for elevation together by the Collegium. The CJI-headed Bench also declined to stay the Presidential warrant appointing Indu Malhotra as an apex court judge and termed the plea of over 100 SCBA members, led by Indira Jaising, in this regard as "unthinkable, unconscionable, unimaginable and unprecedented". Jaising referred to the Centre's decision of segregating the names of Joseph and Malhotra and said such a "cherry-picking" could not be done. The Collegium can still reject the government's move and re-send its proposal for Justice Joseph's elevation, which would then make it incumbent on the government to accept it. The former CJI R M Lodha had told the government not to “segregate” names sent for appointment together by the Collegium. In his June 2014 letter to the government, the then CJI Lodha had made it clear that the executive cannot segregate recommendations without prior approval of the Collegium. Justice Lodha had written to the government when it had decided against elevating senior lawyer Gopal Subramanium to the Supreme Court, while accepting the Collegium's other recommendations. 13 UP children killed as train hits school van Gutkha scam: HC orders CBI probe KUSHINAGAR (UP), 26 APR SNS & PTI A ensure a fair trial and proper legal assistance to the victim's family as well as the accused, along with protection to them and their lawyers. “If we find a slightest possibilty of lack of fair trial, we will transfer the case (out of Kathua),” the bench said, adding, “the real concern of this court is to see that a fair trial is done and the trial is fair to the accused as well as the family members of the victim”. At the outset, the BCI filed in a sealed cover the inquiry report of its committee headed by former High Court judge Justice Tarun Agarwal, on the issue of alleged obstruction by lawyers in the case at Kathua. The report said the local lawyers' body had neither obstructed the Crime Branch of the Jammu and Kashmir police from filing the charge sheet in the court, nor had the lawyers obstructed advocate Deepika Singh Rajawat, who is representing the victim's family, from appearing in the matter before the High Court there. Panchayat polls on 14 May The West Bengal State Election Commission (WBSEC) today announced a single phase poll for 20 districts on 14 May. In a notification the SEC stated that in compliance with a High Court order, polling will be held on 14 May from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Post poll scrutiny would be held on 15 May and repolling on16 May. The date for counting of votes is yet to be fixed. "The decision to hold the poll on one day has been taken in view of Ramzan and the onset of monsoon," said Mr Niranjan Shandilya, secretary WBSEC. In its notification issued on 31 March, the WBSEC had announced the elections in three phases on 1, 3 and 5 May. Twelve districts were to go for polls in the first phase, two in the sec- BRENT CRUDE (IN $) 74.78 +0.78 Govt draws fire over move to segregate Collegium’s proposal; CJI backs executive stand STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE KOLKATA, 26 APRIL Child raped in Madhya Pradesh: Just a day after Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged people to give more respect to daughters, a stepfather allegedly raped and murdered his sixyear-old stepdaughter at a family function in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh on Wednesday. The police got the news of the incident from an anonymous caller who informed about a girl being buried by her family members under suspicious circumstances. Ratlam SP told The Statesman that the incident occurred in his district. The girl used to live P5 there with her mother and stepfather. GOLD 30,150 -50.00 P11 Row over govt bid to nix Justice Joseph’s elevation NEW DELHI, 26 APRIL In a stern warning, the Supreme Court today said it would transfer the Kathua gangrape and murder case from the local court in Jammu and Kashmir in the “slightest possibility” of lack of fair trial, saying the “real concern” was to hold proper prosecution. The observations by a bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra came amid a report filed by a Bar Council of India (BCI's) committee which supported the demand of the lawyers' body there for a CBI probe into the matter saying the bar associations had not obstructed the police or counsel representing the victim's family in any manner. The apex court, after perusing the report, said it would not “digress” from the main issue of ensuring a fair trial, not only for the accused but also for the victim's family. On the issue of alleged obstruction by lawyers in the administration of justice in the case, the bench made it clear that if the advocates were “at fault, they will be dealt with in accordance with the law”. The bench, also comprising Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud, said its constitutional obligation was to PARTY-POOPERS LEAVE BAYERN FRUSTRATED P9 ` vs $ 66.75 +15 PAISE SNS & PTI Max.94% ASIF DISQUALIFIED BY COURT OVER UAE WORK PERMIT POMPEO’S NOMINATION CLEARED KOREAN LEADERS FACE HIGH STAKES AT SUMMIT ond and most of the north Bengal districts in the final phase. However, the polling schedule was cancelled following a High Court directive. The provision of a foolproof security arrangement for ensuring "free and fair polls" ~ which had remained a bone of contention between the commission and the state government as well as the demand of all political par- ties ~ remained unclear. "The State Election Commissioner has asked the state government to provide adequate police personnel to ensure security for voters and candidates," said Mr Shandilya. On the issue of deployment of Central forces, he said that it was to be decided by the state government. The state government can provide 46,000 armed personnel and 12,000 constables with lathis but there are 58,467 polling booths which mean that the commission will have no personnel to tackle violence outside booths and for area domination while it isn't possible to deploy one armed personnel at every booth. The security plan has to be submitted to Calcutta High Court by 4 May before which, the commission will hold an all-party meeting. A source in Nabanna said, the security plan sent by the state home department says that the booths will be managed by unarmed constables or civic volunteers and the premises will be guarded by armed forces. In case of one booth premise there will be one armed personnel and if it is more than one, there will be two armed personnel, he added. There are 43,067 polling premises and 58,467 polling stations. The total voters are 5,08,35,002. According to theWBSEC, the number of valid nominations at zilla parishad was 3,776 for a total of 825 seats. At panchayat samity, there were 28,905 valid nominations for 9,217 total seats and at gram panchayat, there were 1,30,209 valid nominations for 48,650 total seats. Indu Malhotra new SC judge NEW DELHI, 26 APRIL Senior lawyer Indu Malhotra, who specialises in arbitration, is expected to take oath as a Supreme Court judge later this week as the law ministry has cleared the recommendation of the Supreme Court's Collegium to appoint her to the bench and the apex court refused to stay her appointment on the issue of its second recommendation not being accepted, saying the government could send back a judge's name for reconsideration. Of the top court's 24 judges, only one is a woman, Justice R Banumathi. She was elevated to the SC in August 2014. Justice Banumathi was the sixth woman to become an SC judge. Justice Fathima Beevi was SNS the first in 1989. CHENNAI, 26 APRIL Thirteen children on their way to school were killed today when a train rammed into their van at an unmanned railway crossing in Kushinagar, leaving blood-splattered bodies, water bottles and school bags strewn around. Five others were injured as the ThaweKapatanganj passenger train hit the van carrying 25 people, mostly children from Divine Public School, at 7 am. Local people who rushed to the level crossing gate at Behpurva, about 50 km from Gorakhpur, saw the bodies of the children, aged between 8 and 10 lying about. The level crossing was described as 'unmanned', with no barrier to stop PTI road traffic. Madras High Court today ordered a CBI probe into the multi-crore gutkha scam, allegedly involving a Tamil Nadu minister besides a former and a serving top police officer. The case was being investigated till now by the Tamil Nadu police. The High Court, however, said this did not cast any aspersion on the probe by the state police or the state vigilance authorities. “The clandestine gutkha business is a crime against society, which needed to be curbed,” the bench, comprising Chief Justice Indira Banerjee and Justice Abdul Quddhose said, while issuing its directions on a plea by DMK MLA J Anbazhagan. “We, therefore, deem Madras High Court said ordering of a CBI probe did not cast aspersion on probe by state cops it appropriate to direct the Central Bureau of Investigation to investigate the illegal manufacture, import, supply, distribution and sale of gutkha and other forms of chewable tobacco... detect and take action against those involved in the offence... in connivance with public/government servants,” the bench said. The gutkha scam came to light on July 8, 2017, when Income-Tax sleuths raided the godown, offices and residences of a pan masala and gutkha manufacturer in Tamil Nadu, who had been facing charges of tax evasion to the tune of Rs 250 crore. ‘Drugs taken for common conditions may increase dementia risk’ THE INDEPENDENT Drugs used by millions of people to treat bladder problems or depression may increase their risk of developing dementia in later life by as much as a third, UK researchers have warned. As many as two million people in England are being prescribed anticholinergic medications to control muscle contractions or help their mental health conditions, but which might actually cause mental declines later on. Doctors have known for a while that these drugs can impair memory function and attention while they are being taken and can cause a sharp decline in the condition of older people. However, new research led by scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA) suggests that the taking them for over a year could increase the like- lihood of people developing dementia up to 20 years later. “We found that people who had been diagnosed with dementia were up to 30 per cent more likely to have been prescribed specific classes of anticholinergic medications,” said Dr George Savva from UEA’s School of Health Sciences and the lead author of the study published in the BMJ today. “The association with dementia increases with greater exposure to these types of medication,” he added. In a briefing, Dr Savva and his fellow authors authors said everyone's risks would be different, based on their treatment, genetics and lifestyle. As a general rule, they explained that someone with a ten per cent risk of developing dementia in the next 15 years would see that increase to 13 per cent if they had been on anticholinergics for a year or more - or a "one in 33 chance of getting dementia you would otherwise not have got." While the risks at an individual level are small, this should reinforce guidance to doctors about taking older people off these drugs and looking more closely at the combined effects of drugs as more people are put on multiple prescriptions. In the largest study to date, the team reviewed prescribing and diagnosis data in GP records for 40,770 patients aged 65 to 99 who were diagnosed with dementia between 2006 and 2015, and nearly 300,000 without the condition. The UEA team said that they thought there were one-anda-half million to two million people in the UK taking anticholinergic drugs with a link to dementia. The biggest effect was in drugs used for bladder disorders; such as oxybutynin and tolterodine; antidepressants, HEALTH ISSUES Oxybutynin - Oxyspas, Tropam Tolterodine - Bapter, Roliten, Terol 4, Torq Amitryptyline- Ami- line, Amtipax, Tryptomer Paroxetine - Pari, Paroxet, Xet - CR Benzatropine Cogentin ProcyclidineKemadrin, Prodine, Relidrin including amitriptyline and paroxetine; and Parkinson's disease, including benzatropine and procyclidine. The study did not find an increased dementia risk from anticholinergics commonly used for stomach cramps, hay fever and travel sickness. These types of medication all interfere with acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter chemical which is important in nerve cell signalling in the brain and around the body and has an important role in memo- CMYK ry function. Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter that is also depleted in people with Alzheimer’s disease, the most common cause of dementia, which is set to affect one million people in the UK by 2025. Around one-in-five patients with depression in the UK is on an anticholinergic. Dr Ian Maidment from Aston University, the lead pharmacist on the study, said experimental data on the long-term impacts of these drugs was hard to obtain because clinical trials are so short. "This study shows that some anticholinergics may cause long-term harm in addition to short-term harm, he added. "With many different medicines having at least some anticholinergic activity, one focus should be de-prescribing. Doctors, nurses and phar- macists need to work with older people and their carers to ensure that they only take medication if the benefits clearly outweigh the harms." Independent experts cautioned this could account for some of the increased risk, because depression is an early sign of the onset of dementia, and so anticholinergic treatment could be linked with dementia but not necessarily have caused it. It was also important to note that more modern drugs recommended for treating urinary incontinence or depression are engineered to have much less effect on the brain, they said. However, if the study is correct then around 20,000 more people in the UK would be likely to develop dementia because of current prescribing, the UEA team estimated. “This is a large and very well conducted epidemiological study showing an 11 per cent increase in the incidence of dementia in people who have been treated with drugs that include, as a side-effect, strong action against the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the preceding four to 20 years,” said Rob Howard, professor of old age psychiatry at University College London, who was not involved in the study. “We already know that anticholinergic drugs can precipitate the presentation of people with early dementia, but this is the first convincing demonstration that the use of the drugs many years before dementia diagnosis might increase risk.” However, he said this study on its own could not prove the drugs alone had caused dementia, and stressed that anyone taking these medications should talk to their doctors before stopping or changing their prescription.
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