SATURDAY www.thestatesman.com 29 SEPTEMBER 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 16+4 |` 5|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR TARIQ ANWAR QUITS NCP ‘INDIA WILL BENEFIT FROM CRUISE TOURISM’ P6 SENSEX 36,227.14 -97.03 WEATHER Generally cloudy sky with a few spells of light to moderate rain/thundershowers. One and two spells may be intense. The maximum and minimum temperatures would be around 35 and 23 degrees Celsius respectively. RAINFALL: 0.2mm RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max. 93% TEMPERATURE Max: 35.5°C (+1) SUN RISES 06:13 hrs MOON RISES 21:13 hrs Min. 34% Min: 23.2°C (0) SUN SETS 18:10 hrs MOON SETS 10:57 hrs THUMBNAILS Bangladesh batsman Liton Das plays a shot as Indian wicketkeeper Mahendra Singh Dhoni (L) looks on during the final one day international (ODI) Asia Cup cricket match between Bangladesh and India at the Dubai InternationAFP al Cricket Stadium in Dubai on Friday. India beat Bangladesh to retain Asia Cup: A severely hamstrung Kedar Jadhav ran the most defining single of his short international career as India beat Bangladesh by three wickets to win their seventh Asia Cup title in a pulsating last-ball finish in Dubai on Friday. Chasing a modest target of 222, India made a rough weather of the chase at 160 for 5 with Jadhav initially retiring after pulling his right hamstring only to comeback when it mattered. P16 6 Palestinians killed: Six Palestinians, including two boys aged 12 and 14, were killed in clashes with Israeli forces along the Gaza border Friday, the health ministry in the Hamas-controlled strip said. Nasser Mosabih, 12, was shot in the head in clashes along the frontier east of Khan Yunis in southern Gaza, ministry spokesman Ashraf al-Qudra told AFP, on what was one of the bloodiest days since protests began on 30 March. Putin on 2-day India visit from 4 October: d Russian President Vladimir Putin will be on a two-day visit beginning October 4 to hold the annual India-Russia summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with a focus on further boosting bilateral ties and deliberate on a range of regional and global issues including American sanctions on import of Iranian crude oil. Besides a host of other issues, the two leaders are likely to review bilateral defence cooperation in the wake of the US sanctions against Russian defence majors, sources said. P5 Tatas retain Taj Mansingh:The Tata group retained Taj Mansingh Hotel in Lutyens' Delhi as it emerged as the highest bidder for the iconic luxury hotel in an e-auction conducted by the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) on Friday after years of litigation. The lease for Taj Mansingh Hotel will be granted to the Tata group for 33 years at double the earlier licence fees.The Tata group beat ITC in the auction which continued from 11 am to 4 pm. The hotel's auction had been pending since 2011, when its lease had expired. P2 P12 P9 NIFTY 10,930.45 -47.10 ` vs $ 72.48 +11 PAISE GOLD 29,320.00 -175.00 Apex court declines to interfere with arrest of activists, says no to SIT STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 28 SEPTEMBER The Supreme Court today, in a majority verdict, declined to interfere with the arrest of five leading human rights activists and lawyers, who had been arrested by the Maharashtra police on 28 August for their alleged links with Naxals. A Bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, in a 2:1 verdict, turned down the plea ~ filed by five eminent citizens including historian Romila Thapar, economists Prabhat Patnaik and Devaki Jain, sociology professor Satish Deshpandey, and human rights lawyer Maja Daruwala ~ seeking the immediate release of these human rights activists and other activists arrested in June. The majority verdict of Chief Justice Misra and Justice A M Khanwilkar also declined to constitute a Special Investigation Team (SIT) to probe, under the supervision of the apex court, their arrests and the entire Koregaon-Bhima episode. The top court, however, ruled that the five arrested activists ~ Varavara Rao, Arun Ferreira, Vernon Gonsalves, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha ~ will continue to remain under house arrest for four more weeks during which they could avail legal remedies in appropriate courts which can consider their cases on merits. The five activists have been under arrest at their respective homes since 29 August. The top court held that the accused persons cannot choose which investigating agency should probe the case, ruling that the “accused cannot ask for changing the investigating agency or to do investigation in a particular manner including for courtmonitored investigation.” It said further proceedings against them would be decided on the merits of the case without being influenced by its observations. The apex court also said this was not the stage where the “efficacy of the material or its sufficiency” can be evaluated nor it is possible to enquire whether it is genuine or fabricated as it would cause prejudice to the parties, adding the accused can opt for discharge at an appropriate stage if there is no evidence against them. “We are of considered opinion that it is not a 50 million Facebook accounts breached THE COACH WHO WANTS HIS OWN PLAYER FOILED TESLA WITHOUT MUSK AT THE WHEEL? case of arrest because of mere dissenting views expressed or difference in the political ideology of the named accused, but concerning their link with the members of the banned organisation and its activities,” the majority verdict written by Justice Khanwilkar for himself and Chief Justice Misra said. Justice Khanwilkar said except pointing out some circumstances to question the manner of arrest of the five accused, no specific material facts and particulars are found in the petition about the alleged mala fide exercise of power by the investigating officer. He said a vague and unsubstantiated assertion was not enough and the plea of the petitioners of lack of evidence against the accused has been seriously disputed by t h e i n v e s t i g a t i n g agency. Justice Chandrachud delivered a minority, dissenting judgment, asserting that dissent is a symbol of “vibrant democracy”. Disagreeing with the majority judgment, Justice Chandrachud, in his separate, powerful verdict, said that individuals asserting causes which might be unpopular to the echelons of power were entitled to the freedoms guaranteed under the Constitution. TURN TO PAGE 7 P15 SILVER 37,350 -200.00 BRENT CRUDE (IN $) 82.13 +0.41 SC opens Sabarimala temple to all women Apex court rules women can't be repressed for physiological reasons SNS & PTI a review petition against the judgement. “Until October 16, the Sabarimala temple is closed. So, we have time.” The shrine's head priest Tantri Kandararu Rajeevaru said though the verdict was “disappointing”, the management accepted it. The TDB said it was bound to implement the judgement. Mariam Dhawale, general secretary of the The All India DemocraticWomen's Association, called the verdict another step that would help in bringing equality. The CJI, in the lead verdict, said the dualism that persists in religion by glorifying and venerating women as goddesses on one hand and by imposing rigorous sanctions on the other hand in matters of devotion has to be abandoned. “The notions of public order, morality and health cannot be used as colourable device to restrict the freedom to freely practise religion and discriminate against women of the age group of 10 to 50 years by denying them their legal right to enter and offer their prayers at the Sabarimala temple for the simple reason that public morality must yield to constitutional morality,” the CJI said. The verdict further said that in no scenario, it can be said that exclusion of women of any age group could be regarded as an essential practice of Hindu religion. NEW DELHI, 28 SEPTEMBER I n a landmark verdict that gave a boost to gender equality, the Supreme Court on Friday threw open the doors of Sabarimala temple in Kerala to girls and women of all age groups by lifting the ban on the entry of those between the age of 10 and 50, holding this centuries-old Hindu religious practice is illegal and unconstitutional. Women activists hailed the judgement though some women in Kerala, who did not want to be identified, said they would not like to offer prayers violating the tradition and Hindu custom. The temple barred women of a “menstruating age”-- defined as between the ages of 10 and 50-from entering. A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra in its 41 verdict held “the devotees of Lord Ayyappa are just Hindus and do not constitute a separate religious denomination” and the rule that stipulates exclusion of entry of women of the age group of 10 to 50 years, is a clear violation of the right of such women to practise their religious belief. The top court in its 411-page verdict said the practice of exclusion of women of a particular age group being followed at the shrine cannot be regarded as an essential religious practice as claimed by the Travancore Devaswom Board(TDB), which administers the temple. “Any rule based on discrimination or segregation of women pertaining to biological characteristics is not only unfounded, indefensible and implausible but can also never pass the muster of constitutionality,” a verdict pronounced by Justice Misra for himself and Justice A M Khanwilkar said. The views of Justice Misra, who penned his last verdict of a five-judge constitution bench before he demits office on October 2, were shared by Justices R F Nariman and D Y Chandrachud. The verdict is expected to add force to the clamour for equality for women of other religions. The path-breaking three concurring verdicts, giving religious rights to female devotees of Lord Ayyappa, was not accepted by the lone woman judge, Justice Indu Malhotra, who dissented and said “right to equality conflicts with right to wor- Quake, tsunami hit Indonesia Senate panel approves Kavanaugh in 11-10 vote MAKASSAR(INDONESIA), 28 SEPTEMBER SAN FRANCISCO, 28 SEPTEMBER Facebook announced Friday that up to 50 million accounts were breached in a security flaw exploited by hackers. The large social network said it learned this week of the attack that allowed hackers to steal “access tokens”, the equivalent of digital keys that enable them to access their accounts. “It's clear that attackers exploited a vulnerability in Facebook's code,” vice president of product management Guy Rosen said in a blog post. “We've fixed the vulnerability and informed law enforcement.” Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg said engineers discovered the breach on Tuesday, and patched it on Thursday night. “We don't know if any accounts were actually misused,” Zuckerberg said. “This is a serious AFP issue.” ship of devotees of Lord Ayyappa”. Justice Malhotra said the judicial review of religious practices ought not to be undertaken as courts cannot impose its morality or rationality on the form of worship of a deity. The court in the majority verdict said the repression of women under the garb of “physiological factors” cannot be legitimised and patriarchy in religion cannot “trump over” devotion. Sabarimala is a prominent Hindu temple which attracts tens of millions of pilgrims every year. The hill-top shrine remains open only for a little over four months in a year and the approach is through a forested area that involves an arduous 5-km trek from the Pampa river base camp. Describing the verdict as “unfortunate”, Rahul Easwar, the president of the Ayyappa Dharma Sena and grandson of a former Sabarimala priest the late Kandararu Maheswararu, said the organisation would file AFP WASHINGTON, 28 SEPTEMBER A powerful earthquake hit central Indonesia on Friday, causing a tsunami that slammed into a city on Sulawesi island with officials saying the tremor had levelled “many” buildings. The shallow 7.5 magnitude quake sparked terror among locals who fled into the streets and raced to higher ground fearing tsunami waves. The disaster agency briefly issued a tsunami warning before lifting it. But video footage filmed from the top floor of a parking ramp spiral in Palu showed a churning wall of whitewater mow down several buildings and inundate a large mosque. A small jolt earlier killed one person in the S-E Asian archipelago. JAKARTA POST/ANN The US Senate Judiciary Committee on Friday gave its backing to Brett Kavanaugh, Donald Trump's embattled pick for the Supreme Court, one day after he fought off allegations of sexual assault at a dramatic day-long hearing that riveted the nation. The panel split along strict party lines with the 11 Republican members backing Kavanaugh and all 10 Democrats voting against the president's controversial nominee ~ whose lifelong appointment would tilt the top court decisively to the right. In an 11th-hour move, however, Arizona Republican Jeff Flake asked for a delay of up to a week before Kavanaugh's nomination is put to a vote in the full Senate to allow for an FBI probe into the allegations against him. “This country's being ripped apart,” said Flake, a vocal critic of the president who is not seeking re-election. “And we have to ensure that we do due diligence here.” The committee vote took place under extraordinarily tense circumstances, with America's political polarization on full display on Capitol Hill. Swaraj snubs Qureshi at SAARC ministers’ meeting STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 28 SEPTEMBER With India-Pakistan relations at a new low, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj avoided any contact with her Pakistani counterpart Shah Mehmood Qureshi as the two leaders attended a meeting of the SAARC Council of Ministers in New York on the margins of the UN General Assembly. She left the meeting for her next engagement even before Qureshi could make his statement. There was speculation in media circles that the two ministers would at least exchange pleasantries when they come face-to-face at the meeting but India refused to budge from its position that there would be no interaction with Islamabad until it took steps to check cross-border terrorism. The SAARC foreign ministers' meet had suddenly become important last week when Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and proposed that the foreign ministers of the two countries meet in New York. India readily accepted the proposal in the larger interest of peace in the region but called off the meeting between the two foreign ministers within 24 hours, expressing outrage over the killings of Indi- an security personnel by Pakistani entities. The SAARC meeting in New York, held at the Westin Grand Central Hotel, was presided over by Nepal Foreign Minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali as Nepal is currently the chair of the eight-nation grouping. Swaraj was accompanied to the meeting by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale and other senior officials. She read out her statement at the meeting and left just before her Pakistani counterpart was to make his statement. Even the Afghan foreign minister left after reading out his statement. This upset Qureshi as he blamed India for blocking the progress of SAARC. "She (Swaraj) left mid-way. Maybe she wasn't feeling well. I listened to her statement. She talked of regional cooperation. How is regional cooperation possible, when everybody is ready to sit and talk and you (India) are blocking that?" he said. Pakistan has been keen to host the SAARC Summit since 2016 but India and some other countries have refused to attend it in Islamabad on the ground that the security situation in the region was not ripe for holding the meeting. In her statement at the SAARC meeting, Swaraj singled out terrorism as the biggest threat to peace in the region. She said regional cooperation in South Asia was not possible without an environment of peace and security. Peace along border essential, India tells China STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 28 SEPTEMBER India has firmly told China that peace and tranquility along border areas was an important prerequisite for smooth development of bilateral relations. The two countries concluded the 12th meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on Border Affairs (WMCC) at Chengdu in Sichuan province of China on Thursday night. The talks were led by Pranay Verma, Joint Secretary (East Asia) in the Ministry of External Affairs, and by Yi Xianliang, Director General, Department of Boundary and Oceanic Affairs in the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “They discussed ways to effectively manage border areas in accordance with the strategic guidance provided by the leaders of the two countries at the Wuhan Summit and explored various confidence building measures with a view to further enhance mutual trust and understanding,” the External Affairs Ministry said. Established in 2012, WMCC is an institutional mechanism for “consultation and coordination for management of India-China border areas”. It is a forum to exchange views on strengthening communication and cooperation, including between border security personnel on both sides.
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