SUNDAY www.thestatesman.com 18 NOVEMBER 2018 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 20 | `5.00 |LC* KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR THE SCIENCE OF PUBLISHING IS DISTINCT FROM THE ART OF WRITING BUT EQUALLY IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND CLASSICS OF THE FUTURE ~ FIVE CARS THAT COULD BECOME TOMORROW’S COLLECTOR’S ITEMS RAINFALL: Nil RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.88% TEMPERATURE Min. 43% Max: 31.1°C (+1) Min: 22.1°C (+3) SUN SETS SUN RISES 16:52 hrs 05:52 hrs MOON RISES MOON SETS 13:49 hrs 01:03 hrs Full moon on 22 November THUMBNAILS Padamsee dead: AnVeteran adman and theatre personality Alyque Padamsee (pic), who was the brain behind several iconic advertisement campaigns, died following an illness here on Saturday, his family said. He was 90. “He passed away at H N Reliance Hospital early morning due to an illness. I'm deeply saddened by the loss,” Dolly Thakore, Padamsee's second wife, told PTI. Prime Minister Modi said he was a wonderful communicator. Terrorists set on fire J&K panchayat office : Terrorists on Saturday evening burnt down the panchayat office in Nutnussa village of north Kashmir’s Kupwara district that had earlier during the day registered 71.9 percent polling in the first of the 9-phase panchayat elections. Terrorists and separatists had called for boycott of the elections.Over 64 per cent of electorate voted on Saturday in the first phase of Panchayat elections in Kashmir. CIA claim on Khashoggi’s killing: The CIA has concluded that Saudi Arabia's powerful Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman ordered the murder of dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul, contradicting the Saudi government's assertions that he was not involved, according to a media report. Khashoggi’s death has spurred a wave of international P10 anger against Saudi Arabia and its ruler. Kilogram redefined: In a historic vote, more than 50 nations unanimously approved an overhaul of the international measurement system kilogram. Now, with the vote, the kilogram and other measurement units will be defined using numerical values that fit handily onto a wallet card. Those numbers were read to the national delegates before they voted. The update will take effect from May 20. P10 Varavara Rao taken into custody: Telugu poet Varavara Rao, accused of having Maoist links, was Saturday taken into custody by the Pune Police from Hyderabad in a case related to Elgar Parishad conclave, a senior official said in Pune. Rao was so far under house arrest in Hyderabad. Joint Commissioner of Police (Pune Police) Shivaji Bodakhe said an extension of his house arrest granted by the Hyderabad High Court expired on 15 November. A legislation seeking to prohibit the Trump administration from revoking the work authorisation of spouses of H1B visa holders, which include Indians, has been introduced in the US Congress by two lawmakers who said that eliminating this benefit would force many foreign workers to use their talents to compete against American businesses. H-4 visas are issued to the spouses of H-1B foreign workers. The H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa through which many Indians workers are employed in US companies. It allows the US companies to employ foreign workers in speciality occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise. It is the most sought-after visa among Indian IT professionals. H-4 visas are issued only to very close or immediate family members of the H-1B visa holders. The move by lawmakers Anna G Eshoo and Zoe Lofgren to introduce the H-4 Employment Protection Act, comes amidst determination by the Trump administration to revoke an Obama-era rule that extends work authorisation to the spouses of HPTI 1B visa holders. Hizbul ultras kill abducted youth WASHINGTON, 17 NOV PTI AND SNS Mainly clear sky. Max and min temp to be around 32/21 degrees Celsius, resp. Jaitley slams Naidu, Mamata on CBI raids Legislation in US House to block H1B visa move Andhra CM backs decision to withdraw consent to CBI for investigations WEATHER MUMBAI/BHOPAL, 17 NOV inance Minister Arun Jaitley on Saturday said barring the CBI from probing cases in states was akin to “declaring sovereignty in the matter of corruption”. The Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal governments on Friday decided to withdraw the general consent given to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for probing cases in those states. The Andhra Pradesh government's move was prompted by “the fear of what is likely to happen”, Jaitley said, adding that only those who had “a lot to hide” feared the Central agency. “Somebody has yesterday declared his sovereignty in the matter of corruption by saying that I won't allow investigative agencies to enter. This is governance adventurism at its worst,” he said, speaking at the Economic Times Awards event here. Earlier in the day, speaking to reporters in Bhopal after releasing the Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) manifesto for the Madhya Pradesh polls, Jaitley said, “It is only those who have a lot to hide will take the step of saying let the CBI not come to my state.” “There is no sovereignty of any state in the mat- F ter of corruption,” he said in response to a query. “It is believed that Andhra's move is not motivated by any particular case, but by the fear of what is likely to happen. I am not saying anything more than that at the moment,” the BJP leader added. “We have a federal structure in India and under that federal structure, the CBI was created initially for the employees of the central government and then, to investigate certain kinds of very serious cases in the states, which were referred to it either by the states or courts,” he said. Referring to the alleged Saradha chit fund scam and the Narada sting operation, Jaitley said in Bhopal, “Saradha and Narada in West Bengal cannot be wiped off merely by saying that for the future, I de-notify the CBI. In Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal, the CBI would now need permission from the state government to carry out any investigation except those ordered by courts and against central government officials. SNS adds from Hyderabad: Defending the decision to withdraw consent to CBI from carrying out raid or investigations in the state Andhra Pradesh chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu said that the political intervention by the Centre and infighting in central investigating agency have tarnished its image and the state has expressed its unhappiness over the state of affairs in this manner. He added that the state’s own investigating agency Anti Corruption Bureau was good enough to step into the shoes of the CBI. Mr Naidu spoke to newsmen today after meeting the chief justice over bifurcation of the High Court. Andhra Pradesh government has recently withdrawn the general consent it had granted to the central investigating agency through a notification. Mr Naidu justified the decision saying, “It is within the right of the state to do so.” He added that it is clear to the people that through Modi, Solih vow renewal of close bilateral relations PRESS TRUST OF INDIA MALE, 17 NOVEMBER Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday said he was looking forward to working closely with new Maldivian President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih as both the leaders expressed confidence in the renewal of the close ties and friendship between the two countries, which was briefly interrupted by political turmoil in the Indian Ocean island nation. Prime Minister Modi, the highest ranking leader to attend the 54-year-old veteran politician's inauguration as the seventh president, met Solih soon after the ceremony at the national football stadium here and pledged all assistance to the strategically-located country's endeavour to build a peaceful, democratic and prosperous country. Modi being received by Maldives officials during his visit to attend the swearing-in of Maldives president-elect. AFP Seated between former presidents Maumoon Abdul Gayoom and Mohamed Nasheed, Prime Minister Modi embraced both leaders and was seen chatting with them. Former Sri Lankan president Chandrika Kumaratunga was also present. Solih as the opposition Maldivian Democratic Party's candidate had surprisingly defeated strong- man Abdulla Yameen in the election held on September 23. During the meeting, Modi and Solih agreed on the importance of maintaining peace and security in the Indian Ocean and being mindful of each other's concerns and aspirations for the stability of the region, the joint statement said. The two leaders expressed confidence in the renewal of ties. political intervention into the CBI’s infighting between its chief and his deputy the Centre has tarnished the image of the agency using it as a political tool. He also referred to the allegation of corruption plaguing CBI and its officials. According to him the situation was much worse than before. The chief minister also said that the states could express their unhappiness over the Centre’s action vis-a-vis the CBI in this way. Mr Naidu seemed visibly happy that West Bengal has followed the example set by AP and withdrew the consent given to the central investigating agency. He said: “It is a good suggestion. Many states will follow us.” He added that the state’s own Anti Corruption Bureau which has been entrusted with the task of curbing corruption will do a far better job than the CBI. According to him the state government’s system was good enough to curb corruption. Mr Naidu has been quite vocal about the loss of integrity by various institutions, particularly the CBI. He has even facilitated the formation of an anti BJP platform with various political parties to save the nation, its democracy and its institution. He is expected to meet Mamata Banerjee on Monday. STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE JAMMU, 17 NOVEMBER Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) terrorists on Saturday slit the throat of one of the three youths whom they had abducted in the morning from Saidpura area of Shopian in south Kashmir. The two other youths were somehow released by the terrorists in the afternoon. The body of Huzaif of Manzgam village in Kulgam district, with the throat slit, was found in an orchard of Shopian. Security forces had launched a massive hunt for three youths when they were in the morning abducted by terrorists. The incident comes a day after HM terrorists kidnapped an 11th class student and brutally shot him dead in south Kashmir. Later, the Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) terrorists released the gruesome footage of a 17-year-old youth being pumped with bullets in ISIS style. The HM claimed responsibility for the execution-style killing in the first such move in recent years. The slain teen, identified as Nadeem Manzoor from Safanagri village of south Kashmir’s Shopian, was kidnapped by terrorists on Thursday evening from his home. In an audio message, Hizbul Mujahideen’s operational commander Riyaz Naikoo owned responsibility for Manzoor’s killing. “After proper investigations by our ‘Do or Die Squad’, he was found involved in informing the forces about two militants,” Naikoo said in the audio message and warned “other informers” of a similar fate. Manzoor had been accused by terrorists of informing security forces about two militants, Idrees Ahmad (Chota Abrar) of Safari and Amir Amin (Abu Shoban) of Awneera, who were killed in Shopian’s Safanagri village on 6 November. Reacting to the killing of the youth, former chief minister Omar Abdullah tweeted; “The cold blooded murder of an 11th standard student by the Hizbul Mujahideen terror outfit is deeply disturbing. There can be no justification for this act & should force those who sympathise with these outfits to question how these murders make Kashmir a better, freer place”. The pro-Pakistan separatists, Syed Alishah Geelani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Yasin Malik, who raises a furore against the centre and the security forces on elimination of terrorists, have maintained silence on the killing. Sabarimala darshan amid bandh STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. 17 NOVEMBER Even as a hartal against preventive detention of Hindu Aikya Vedi state president KP Sasikala caught devotees unawares and disrupted life in Kerala, thousands of pilgrims , amid tight security, performed darshan at the Lord Ayyappa shrine at Sabarimala, the first day of the Malayalam month ‘Vrischikom’. Kerala came to a standstill on Saturday after an unexpected hartal called by the Hindu Aikya Vedi and Sabarimala Karma Samithi in protest against the arrest of Hindu Aikyavedi state president KP Sasikala at Sabarimala. The Hindu Aikya Vedi and Sabarimala Karma Samithi, the two organisations which are spearheading the protests against the SC verdict on women’s entry into the hill shrine, have called a dawn-to- Shops closed during a statewide strike called by Hindu groups at Adur in Kerala on Saturday as tens of thousands of pilgrims headed for the nearby Sabarimala temple. AFP dusk flash hartal across Kerala on Saturday to protest the arrest of KP Sasikala at Sabarimala in the wee hours of Saturday. The BJP also declared its support to the hartal. Sporadic violence was reported in various parts of the state and activists pelted stones at KSRTC buses. KSRTC services stopped following the violence.Public transport, including private buses and autorickshaws, stayed off the road, putting the commuters to immense hardship.In Thiruvananthapuram, police blocked a BJP protest march near the police headquarters. KP Sasikala was arrested from Marakkoottam on the trek route to Sabarimala at 2.20 am on Saturday. She was stopped at 7.30 pm, when she was on her way to Sannidhanam and was told not to enter the temple. Sabarimala Achara Samrakshana Samithi state convener Prithvipal and BJP leader P Sudhir were also taken into custody from Pamba on Friday night. Sasikala was later taken to the Ranni police station. Hundreds of activists of the Sabarimala Karma Samithi staged a protest in front of the police station, demanding the cops to take her to the shrine for darshan. Sasikala was granted bail by the Sub-Divisional Magistrate court , Thiruvalla on Saturday evening.After getting bail, she said she would perform darshan at the temple. Meanwhile, BJP state general secretary K. Surendran was arrested by police on Saturday evening at Nilakkal on his way to Sabarimala. He was taken into preventive custody after he attempted to enter Sabarimala through Nilackal, the base camp 26 km downhill from the shrine. He told the media that he has the right to perform darshan. Facebook investors want Zuckerberg to step down PRESS TRUST OF INDIA WASHINGTON, 17 NOV Facebook investors have called on the company's chief executive Mark Zuckerberg to step down as chairman following reports that the company hired a public relations firm to smear its critics, a media report said on Saturday. The New York Times recently published a report revealing that Facebook at times smeared critics as anti-Semitic or tried to link activists to billionaire investor George Soros, and tried to shift public anger away toward rival tech firms. It also said that the company also used a Republican public relations firm, Definers Public Affairs, to help repair its battered reputation following intense criticism of the social media platform's handling of a scandal over Russian interference in the 2016 US elections and the Cambridge Analytica scandal, The Telegraph reported. Jonas Kron, a senior vice president at Trillium Asset Management, a US investor which owns an 8.5m stake in Facebook, last night called on Zuckerberg to step down as board chairman in the wake of the report, the paper said. “Facebook is behaving like it's a special snowflake,” the paper quoted him as saying. “It's not. It is a company and companies need to have a separation of chair and CEO,” he said. The attack on Zuckerberg is set to complicate the daunting challenge facing Sir Nick Clegg, Facebook's new global head of policy and communications, who joined last month and has been asked to conduct a review of Facebook's use of lobbying firms. Definers allegedly encouraged the depiction of Facebook's critics as anti-Semites and had published news articles criticising Facebook's competitors. The business has also been accused of attempting to encourage journalists to report that anti-Facebook groups were linked to Mr Soros, the paper said. In a call with journalists on Thursday, Zuckerberg denied knowing that his business had hired the firm. “As soon as I learned about this, I talked to our team and we are no longer working with this firm,” he said. Kron said the new revelations about Facebook's use of Definers offered fresh rea- The NYT recently published a report revealing that Facebook at times smeared critics as antiSemitic or tried to link activists to billionaire investor George Soros, and tried to shift public anger away toward rival tech firms. It also said the company used a Republican PR firm, Definers Public Affairs, to help repair its battered reputation following intense criticism of FB’s handling of a scandal over Russian interference in the 2016 US elections and the Cambridge Analytica scandal, The Telegraph reported. sons for Mr Zuckerberg to relinquish his dual role as chairman and chief executive. “The latest report should remove any lingering doubts that some may have had,” he said. Zuckerberg has retained a high level of control over the social networking business which he founded in 2004 due to his combined role and his ownership of a stake representing 60pc of the company's voting shares, the report said. A report from New Delhi adds: Facebook, which has been under scrutiny over fake news and data leaks on its platform in India and other markets, received 16,580 requests for data from the Indian government during the first six months of 2018, over 68 per cent higher than the yearago period. According to Facebook Transparency report, the platform offered “some data” in 53 per cent of the cases. “Facebook responds to government requests for data in accordance with applicable law and our terms of serv- ice. Each and every request we receive is carefully reviewed for legal sufficiency and we may reject or require greater specificity on requests that appear overly broad or vague,” the report said. The report revealed that the total requests for data from Indian government stood at 16,580 between January to June 2018, against 12,171 similar requests logged in July to December of 2017 and 9,853 requests registered in January to June of 2017. Facebook, which has over 200 million users in India, counts the country among its largest userbases globally. Earlier in the year, Facebook had courted controversy when UK-based data mining firm Cambridge Analytica was accused of harvesting personal data of 87 million global users of the social networking platform, illegally, to influence polls in several countries. The company had drawn flak on the issue from policymakers across the world, including the Indian government that had shot off two notices to Facebook over the data breach.
The Statesman is one of India's oldest English newspapers. It was founded in Kolkata in 1875 and is directly descended from The Friend of India (founded 1818). The Englishman (founded 1821) was merged with The Statesman in 1934. The Delhi edition of The Statesman began publication in 1931. The Statesman Weekly is a compendium of news and views from the Kolkata and Delhi editions. Printed on airmail paper, it is popular with readers outside India. The Statesman (average weekday circulation approximately 180,000) is a leading English newspaper in West Bengal. The Sunday Statesman has a circulation of 230,000.