thursday www.thestatesman.com 28 march 2019 find us online scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 20 |` 5.00|lC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR PriYanka’s Call to exPose BJP’s emPtY rHetoriCs, naidu overrules eC order on CoP’s transfer suddenlY, asHWin is tHe favourite WHiPPinG BoY P12 P4 BraZil resurreCted BY Jesus P5 P11 India space superpower, joins elite club Weather Mainly clear sky. Maximum and minimum temperature likely to be around 34-24 degree celsius, respectively. rainFaLL: nil reLative huMidity Max.74% Min. 37% Max: 32.7°c (-2) Sun rISeS 05:33 hrs Moon rISeS 00.05 hrs Min: 22.1°c (-2) Sun SetS 17:51 hrs Moon SetS 11:11 hrs teMperature next moon quarter on 1 april thuMbnaiLS Kolkata Knight riders batsman nitish rana plays a shot during their match against Kings xI Punjab at the eden gardens on Wednesday. KKr won by 28 runs. biswAjit ghosAl (RepoRt p12) MGp house wing merges with bJp: Two of the three MGP MLAs in Goa early Wednesday merged their party's legislative wing with the BJP, which now has 14 legislators in the 40member Assembly.Two MLA gave a letter to p2 the offg Speaker on the merger. russia confirms military presence in venezuela, trump says russia has to get out: Russia's Foreign Ministry says that their military personnel that arrived in Venezuela over the weekend has every right to be there. US President Trump said Russia has to get out. British MPs to vote on Brexit options London, 27 March British MPs will on Wednesday hold votes on various Brexit options even as Prime Minister Theresa May comes under pressure to announce a departure plan to get support for her unpopular divorce deal. Three years after a referendum in which Britain voted to leave the European Union, the country is gripped by painful uncertainty over how -- or even whether -- it should put an end to its 46year membership. May's deal negotiated with Brussels has already been voted down by parliament twice. Agencies nation acquires capability to shoot down a low orbit satellite with an anti-Satellite missile, PM says aim is to preserve peace China reacts guardedly, Pak against militarisation STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE neW deLhI, 27 March I ndia on Wednesday established itself as a global space power, joining the exclusive club of countries having the capability to shoot down a low orbit satellite with an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile. Hitherto, only the United States, Russia and China had this capability. "There can be no bigger moment of pride for every India than this,’’ Prime Minister Narendra Modi said while making the announcement about ‘Mission Shakti’ in a televised address to the nation. He said that during the mission, Indian scientists successfully hit a live satellite which was flying in a low earth orbit with an ASAT missile. The ASAT missile travelled a distance of almost 300 km and hit the target within just three minutes of its launch. ‘Mission ‘Shakti’ was a highly complex operation which required great precision and extremely high technical competence. All the objectives that were set by the scientists have been fulfilled,’’ the PM said. He, however, did not reveal which low earth satellite was hit. He assured the international community that the new capability India has developed was not directed against anyone. India has no intention to threaten anyone. This was an effort to secure a fast-growing Opp blasts PM over ASAT, BJP hits back BeIjIng, 27 March a man watches Prime Minister narendra Modi's address to the nation. In new delhi on March 27, 2019. Afp It is a great achievement for India. India's antisatellite missile test is a reflection of the country's growing capability to develop critical technology and it will act as a good deterrence When China shot down an ageing weather satellite by launching a missile in 2007, India had the technology to undertake a similar mission, but there was no political will to demonstrate it. G SatheeSh reddy G Madhavan nair drdo chaIrMan ISro’S ex-chaIrMan India. "ndia has always been opposed to the weaponisation of space and an arms race in outer space, and this test does not in any way change this position,’’ the PM added. He asserted that today’s test did not violate any international law or treaty obligation to which India was a party. Modi said India wanted to use modern day technologies for the security and welfare of its 1.3 billion people. A strong India could be a guarantor of peace in the region and beyond. "Our strategic objective is to preserve peace, not prepare for war," he added . EC sets up panel on PM's address The Election Commission (EC) today constituted a committee of officers to immediately examine the matter relating to PM's address to the nation in light of its Model Code of Conduct (MCC) ~ which is in force for the upcoming Lok Sabha polls ~ and submit a report. The EC acted swiftly on the complaints by various Opposition parties who charged that PM Modi's address was violation of the MCC. STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE neW deLhI, 27 March China on Wednesday reacted guardedly to India's anti-satellite missile test and expressed hope that all countries will uphold peace and tranquillity in the outer space. The Chinese Foreign Ministry, in a written response to a question from PTI on India successfully test-firing an anti-satellite missile, said: “We have noticed reports and hope that each country will uphold peace and tranquillity in outer space”. China conducted such a test in January 2007 when its anti-satellite missile destroyed a defunct weather satellite. Pakistan said on Wednesday that it was against the militarisation of outer space and took a swipe at India's announcement of shooting down a live satellite with a missile - a rare achievement that puts the country in an exclusive club of space super powers. Prime Minister Narendra Modi earlier announced that India successfully test-fired an anti-satellite missile by shooting down a live Agencies satellite. Following Prime Minister Narendra Modi's sudden address to the nation announcing India's successful demonstration of its anti-satellite (ASAT) missile capability by shooting down a live satellite today, the Opposition parties praised defence and space scientists but blasted Prime Minister Modi for his alleged bid to "appropriate" and "politicise" their achievements in the middle of the current election process for electoral gains. They alleged that PM Modi's "cynical and arbitrary" bid to announce the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) scientists' accomplishment in such a dramatic manner was aimed at "diverting" public attention from "burning real issues" like widespread unemployment and rural and industrial distress in the country. Some of them, including the Left and the Trinamul, charged that PM Modi had thus violated the Election Commission (EC)'s Model Code of Conduct, with the BSP supremo Mayawati also joining them to ask the EC to take action. In his terse reaction to PM Modi's announcement, Congress president Rahul Gandhi tweeted, "Well done DRDO, extremely proud of your work. I would also like to wish the PM a very happy World Theatre Day." Several Congress and Opposition leaders credited successive governments including the previous Congress-led UPA government for this achievement. Senior Congress leader Ahmed Patel said, "The UPA government had initiated the ASAT programme which has reached fruition today. I congratulate our space scientists & the visionary leadership of Dr Manmohan Singh." SP president Akhilesh Yadav tweeted: "Today @narendramodi got himself an hour of free TV & divert nation's attention away from issues on ground — #Unemployment #RuralCrisis & #WomensSecuri- ty — by pointing at the sky. Congratulations drdo_india & @isro — this success belongs to you. Thank you for making India safer." BSP chief Mayawati accused PM Modi of allegedly playing politics over India's ASAT capability. Bengal CM and TMC supremo Mamata Banerjee lambased the PM, accusing him of indulging in threatrics and playing politics over scientists’ achievements while her party complained to the Election Commission alleging violation of the Model Code of Conduct. Hitting back, Union finance minister Arun Jaitley dismissed Opposition leaders' charges as "clerical objections". He also reportedly charged the UPA government with having not granted scientists permission to build the country's own anti-satellite missile, saying it lacked “capability and clarity”. Jaitley told a press conference that when India had test-fired the Agni-V missile in April 2012, then DRDO chief V K Saraswat had said that India could now develop an anti-satellite missile but the then government had not given its nod to it. See also inside pages Ten things one needs to know about ‘Mission Shakti’ STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE neW deLhI, 27 March Q: What was the test? A. On March 27, 2019 India conducted Mission 'Shakti', an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test, from the Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex. This was a technological mission carried out by DRDO. The satellite used in the mission was one of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit. The test was fully successful and achieved all parameters as per plans. The test required an extremely high degree of precision and technical capability. The significance of the test is that India has tested and successfully demonstrated its capability to interdict and intercept a satellite in outer space based on complete indigenous technology. With this test, India joins an exclusive group of space faring nations consisting of USA, Russia and China. Q: Which satellite was used? A. The satellite used was an Indian satellite. Q: Which Missile/ Interceptor was used? A. The DRDO’s Ballistic Missile Defence interceptor, which is part of the ongoing ballistic missile defence programme, was used. Q: There are other ways to demonstrate ASAT capabilities such as “fly-by tests” and jamming. Why has India used the particular technology of Kinetic Kill? A. This is a technology where we have developed capability. Space technologies are constantly evolving. We have used the technology that is appropriate to achieve the objectives set out in this mission. Q: Does the test create space debris? A. The test was done in the lower atmosphere to ensure that there is no space debris. Whatever debris that is generated will decay and fall back onto the earth within weeks. Q: Why did we do the test? A. India has a long standing and rapidly growing space programme. It has expanded rapidly in the last five years. The Mangalyaan Mission to Mars was successfully launched. Thereafter, the government has sanctioned the Gaganyaan Mission which will take Indians to outer space. India has undertaken 102 spacecraft missions con- sisting of communication satellites, earth observation satellites, experimental satellites, navigation satellites, apart from satellites meant for scientific research and exploration, academic studies and other small satellites. India’s space programme is a critical backbone of India’s security, economic and social infrastructure. The test was done to verify that India has the capability to safeguard our space assets. It is the Government of India’s responsibility to defend the country’s interests in outer space. Q: Why was the test done now? A. The tests were done after we had acquired the required degree of confidence to ensure its success, and reflects the intention of the government to enhance India’s national security. India has seen an accelerated space development programme since 2014. Q: Is India entering into an arms race in outer space? A. India has no intention of entering into an arms race in outer space. We have always maintained that space must be used only for peaceful purposes. We are against the weaponisation of outer space and support international efforts to reinforce the safety and security of space-based assets. India believes that outer space is the common heritage of humankind and it is the responsibility of all space-faring nations to preserve and promote the benefits flowing from advances made in space technology and its applications for all. India is a party to all the major international treaties relating to outer space. India already implements a num- ber of Transparency and Confidence Building Measures(TCBMs) – including registering space objects with the UN register, pre-launch notifications, measures in harmony with the UN Space Mitigation Guidelines, participation in Inter Agency Space Debris Coordination (IADC) activities with regard to space debris management, undertaking SOPA (Space Object Proximity Awareness and COLA (Collision Avoidance) Analysis and numerous international cooperation activities, including hosting the UN affiliated Centre for Space and Science Technology Education in Asia and Pacific. India has been participating in all sessions of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. India supported UNGA resolution 69/32 on No First Placement of Weapons on Outer Space. We see the No First Placement of weapons in outer space as only an interim step and not a substitute for concluding substantive legal measures to ensure the prevention of an arms race in outer space, which should continue to be a priority for the international community. India supports the substantive consideration of the issue of Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) in the Conference on Disarmament where it has been on the agenda since 1982. Q: What is the international law on weapons in outer space? A. The principal international Treaty on space is the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. India is a signatory to this treaty, and ratified it in 1982. The Outer Space Treaty prohibits only weapons of mass destruction in outer space, not ordinary weapons. India expects to play a role in the future in the drafting of international law on prevention of an arms race in outer space including inter alia on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space in its capacity as a major space faring nation with proven space technology. India is not in violation of any international law or Treaty to which it is a Party or any national obligation. Q: Is the test directed against any country? A. The test is not directed against any country. India’s space capabilities do not threaten any country and nor are they directed against anyone. At the same time, the government is committed to ensuring the country’s national security interests and is alert to threats from emerging technologies. The capability achieved through the AntiSatellite missile test provides credible deterrence against threats to our growing spacebased assets from long range missiles, and proliferation in the types and numbers of missiles.
The Statesman is one of India's oldest English newspapers. It was founded in Kolkata in 1875 and is directly descended from The Friend of India (founded 1818). The Englishman (founded 1821) was merged with The Statesman in 1934. The Delhi edition of The Statesman began publication in 1931. The Statesman Weekly is a compendium of news and views from the Kolkata and Delhi editions. Printed on airmail paper, it is popular with readers outside India. The Statesman (average weekday circulation approximately 180,000) is a leading English newspaper in West Bengal. The Sunday Statesman has a circulation of 230,000.