THURSDAY www.thestatesman.com 10 SEPTEMBER 2020 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 |` 5|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR A QUESTION OF HEALTH ‘LOCKDOWN NOT AN ATTACK ON COVID, BUT ON POOR’ P5 WEATHER Mainly clear sky with strong surface winds during the day. The maximum and minimum temperatures would be around 35 and 27 degrees Celsius respectively. RAINFALL: 000.0 Mm RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max: 90% P6 P12 China starts fresh troop build-up at Pangong Lake u SNS & AGENCIES NEW DELHI, 9 SEPTEMBER Min: 55% Min: 26.1°C (1) SUN SETS 18:32 hrs MOON SETS 13:53 hrs THUMBNAILS Swab sample for Covid-19 test being taken at Assembly House in Kolkata on Wednesday during the single -day session of the House. SNS Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman’s post: JD(U) MP Harivansh on Wednesday filed his nomination as the ruling NDA candidate to the Rajya Sabha deputy chairman's post and is likely to be elected, even as the opposition is working to field a joint candidate against him to force a contest. The BJP-led ruling alliance’s tally stands at 116 in the 245-member House, which has an effective strength of 244, and its leaders have expressed confidence that non-NDA parties like Biju Janta Dal, YSR Congress, Telangana Rashtra Samithi will back Harivansh. SC declines to take up plea against NEET: The Supreme Court Wednesday refused to entertain a batch of pleas seeking deferment or cancellation of the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) scheduled for September 13. A bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that authorities will take all necessary steps for conducting the test for admission in medical courses. The court had on September 4 dismissed petitions seeking review of its August 17 order which had paved the way for holding NEET and JEE exams. C hina has started a fresh build-up at the Finger area north of the Pangong Lake in eastern Ladakh following fresh skirmishes between troops of the two countries, sources said on Wednesday. On Monday, the Indian Army succeeded in foiling the incursion of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) into Mukhri area of Chushul, but more such actions are expected from the Chinese in the coming days. Both sides had accused each other of resorting to firing in Monday’s confrontation, which would be the first time firearms were used along the LAC in 45 years. The deployment of PLA troops has increased since last evening. The Chinese side was also bringing in more materials and logistics items, sources added. The troops from the two sides were at a short range from each other. Delhi sees 4,039 new virus cases, highest surge so far; tally tops 2L SNS & PTI NEW DELHI, 9 SEPTEMBER Delhi today recorded 4,039 fresh coronavirus (Covid19) cases ~ its highest single-day Covid spike so far ~ as the national capital’s caseload breached the two lakh-mark, according to the Delhi government’s latest health bulletin. This is the first time since the outbreak of the Covid pandemic that over 4,000 coronavirus cases have been recorded in Delhi in a single day. The previous highest singleday spike of 3,947 cases was recorded on 23 June. Today, however, 54,517 coronavirus tests were conducted in the national capital ~ a tests figure which was also the highest so far. Twenty fatalities due to coronavirus were registered in the city today, which pushed its Covid death toll to 4,638, the bulletin said. The tally of active cases rose to 23,773 from yesterday’s 22,377, it said. The cumulative total of coronavirus cases in Delhi has now mounted to 2,01,174, the bulletin stated. The city’s recovery rate dipped to 85.87 per cent from 86.3 per cent the pre(SEE PAGE 2) vious day. Serum Institute gets DCGI notice over Oxford Covid vaccine trial suspension PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI, 9 SEPTEMBER The central drug regulator has issued a show-cause notice to Serum Institute of India (SII) for not informing it about pharma giant AstraZeneca pausing the clinical trials of the Oxford vaccine candidate for Covid-19 in other countries and also for not submitting casualty analysis of the “reported serious adverse events”. The show-cause notice was issued following reports that human trials of the most promising Covid-19 vaccine candidate, being developed by the University of Oxford, have been put on hold after a UK participant had an adverse reaction to it. The Drugs Controller General of India, Dr V G Somani, in his show-cause notice has P10 Covid-19: With 89K fresh cases, India’s tally reaches 43.7 L Brigade-level commanders meet again in bid to check further escalation of tension TEMPERATURE Max: 35.6°C (2) SUN RISES 06:04 hrs MOON RISES 23:35 hrs WHEN RONALDO HITS A CENTURY AND CLINCHES IT US POSTAL CHIEF UNDER FIRE FOR LAW VIOLATION asked SII as to why the permission granted for conducting phase 2 and 3 clinical trials of the vaccine candidate in the country be not suspended till patient safety is established. “...Serum Institute of India Pvt Ltd, Pune, till now has not informed the Central licensing authority regarding pausing the clinical trial carried out by AstraZeneca in other countries and also (has) not submitted casualty analysis of the reported serious adverse event with the inves- tigational vaccine for the continuation of phase 2 and 3 clinical trials of the subject vaccine in the country in light of the safety concerns,” said the show-cause notice. The drug regulator noted that the clinical trials have been put on hold across countries where it is conducted i.e. USA, UK, Brazil and South Africa. AstraZeneca, the BritishSwedish biopharmaceutical giant in a tie-up with the Oxford University to produce the vaccine, described the pause of trials as a “routine” one following what was an unexplained illness”. SII, which has partnered with AstraZeneca for manufacturing the Oxford vaccine candidate for Covid-19, on Wednesday said it is continuing with the trials in India has faced no issues at all. “They are within clear visible range and Indian troops are keeping a close watch on their activities,” sources said. The Chinese continue to sit atop Finger 4 ridgeline. The north bank of the lake is divided into 8 fingers that are contested by both sides. The Indian Army has occupied crucial heights in areas around the south bank of Pangong Lake and the Chinese have made several attempts to take over Indian positions. Government sources said a Brigade commanderlevel interaction took place between Indian and Chinese armies at a forward location along the LAC in a bid to check further escalation of tension and find ways to focus on implementing laid down protocols in management of the border. The situation at the LAC will figure prominently during External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar's meeting tomorrow with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Russia where both of them are scheduled to attend a meeting of the foreign ministers of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) countries. Kolkata Metro issues do’s and don’ts for passengers STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE KOLKATA, 9 SEPTEMBER The Metro Railway, Kolkata issued a list of do’s and don’ts that commuters are to follow on the resumption of commercial services from 14 September. In the checklist of guidelines, spitting at Metro station premises will be strictly prohibited and will be regarded as a punishable offence. Passengers with fever, cough and cold, and those with elderly and children have been asked not to undertake a Metro journey. Touching things like hand rails of escalators, staircases and walls has also been forbidden. More than three passengers will not be encouraged in a lift. The city metro has made masks mandatory in its premises. Social distancing of at least six feet among commuters in front of booking counters, AFC gates and on platforms is compulsory. The social distancing norm will also be a strict rule inside coaches. Meanwhile, the metro authorities have decided to run a total of 66 trips on 13 September for the aspirants of the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). The services on the examination day, which is a Sunday, will start from 11.am and will be operated till 7pm from both ends including Noapara and Kavi Subhash metro stations. The services, according to metro officials, will be run at an interval of 15 minutes. Only Printed Card Tickets (PCT) will be issued to the students and their guardians. The candidate passengers will be able to commute without an epass by producing their admit cards at the entry point of the Metro station. STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 9 SEPTEMBER India onWednesday recorded 89,706 fresh cases of novel coronavirus (Covid19) infection, taking the total tally to 43,70,128, with 1,115 deaths due to the pandemic in last 24 hours, according to Union Health Ministry data. The spike of 89,706 cases comes a day after India witnessed a decline of fresh cases on Tuesday with 75,809 cases. India now is the second worst hit country after the USA, with 43.7 million Covid-19 cases since the first was reported on January 30. Of the total 43,70,128 cases, 8,97,394 are active cases; 33,98,844 patients have recovered so far while 73,890 have succumbed to the deadly virus, the data updated at 8 a.m. on Wednesday showed. A record 74,894 patients recovered from Covid-19 in a span of 24 hours, according to the ministry's data. A tally of cases compiled by news agency PTI as of 10.15 p.m, based on the figures reported by various states, put the total number of cases at 44,52,305, number of recoveries at 34,57,935 and total number of Covid-19 related deaths at 74,935. While the recovery rate was at 77.77 per cent, the fatality rate stands at 1.69 per cent, the ministry of UNITED NATIONS, 9 SEPTEMBER The world is getting closer to passing a temperature limit set by global leaders five years ago and may exceed it in the next decade or so, according to a new United Nations report. In the next five years, the world has nearly a 1-in-4 chance of experiencing a year that's hot enough to put the global temperature at 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times, according to a new science update released Wednesday by the UN,World Meteorological Organisation and other global science groups. That 1.5 degrees Celsius is the more stringent of two limits set in 2015 by world leaders in the Paris climate change agreement. A 2018 UN science report said a world hotter than that still survives, but chances of dangerous problems increase tremendously. The report comes on the heels of a weekend of weather gone wild around the US: Scorching heat, record California wildfires and two more Atlantic storms that set records for earliest 16th and 17th named storms. Earlier this year, Death Valley hit 54.4 degrees Celsius and Siberia hit 38 degrees Celsius. The warming that has already occurred has“increased the odds of extreme events that are unprecedented in our historical experience,” Stanford University climate scientist Noah Diffenbaugh said. For example, historical global warming has increased the odds of record-setting hot extremes at more than 80 per cent of the globe, and has doubled or even tripled the odds over the region of California and the western US that has experienced record-setting heat in recent weeks, Diffenbaugh added. The world already has warmed nearly 1.1 degrees Celsius since the late 1800s, and the last five years are hotter than the previous five years, the 8,97,394 89,706 74,894 73,890 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 8.00 A.M. WEDNESDAY 9 SEPT 2020 health and family welfare data shows. Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Uttar Pradesh are the worst-hit states. These five states account for over 62 per cent of the active cases, according to the Health Ministry. Maharashtra is leading the tally with more than 2,40,000 active cases while Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh have more than 96,000 each. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), said a record 11,54,549 tests were conducted in a single day on Tuesday, taking the total number of samples tested so far to 5,18,04,677. Kangana takes on Uddhav, gets relief from HC on demolition Maharashtra’s Maratha quota law hits SC roadblock PRESS TRUST OF INDIA The Supreme Court Wednesday stayed the implementation of the 2018 Maharashtra law granting reservation to Marathas in education and jobs but made it clear that the status of those who have availed of the benefits will not be disturbed. A three-judge bench headed by Justice L N Rao referred to a larger constitution bench, to be set up by Chief Justice of India S A Bobde, the batch of pleas challenging the validity of the law granting reservation to Marathas in education and jobs. The apex court said that status of those who have already taken benefits of the 2018 law shall not be disturbed. The Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) Act, 2018 was enacted to grant reservation to people of Maratha community in Maharashtra in jobs and admissions. Bombay High Court, while upholding the law in June last year, had held that 16 per cent reservation was not justifiable and said that quota should not exceed 12 per cent in employment and 13 per cent in admissions. The apex court passed the order on a batch of pleas challenging the high court order and the 2018 law. On July 27, the Maharashtra government had assured the top court that it would not proceed with the recruitment process to fill up the vacancies on the basis of 12 per cent Maratha reservation till September 15, except for departments, Public Health and Medical EduPTI cation and Research. MUMBAI, 9 SEPTEMBER Actor Kangana Ranaut landed here on Wednesday from Himachal Pradesh, angry and caustic as she took on the Shiv Sena, called her home Ram mandir, referred to ‘Bullywood’ and described herself as the daughter of Chhatrapati Shivaji. The Queen actor, who has been given Y-plus category security from the Centre, was met with black flags and slogans from protesting Shiv Sena workers. But there was support too from workers of the RPI (A) and Karni Sena, who also gathered at the airport. Addressing Maharashtra chief minister and Shiv Sena leader Uddhav Thackeray, Ranaut posted a video mes- BMC workers at the bungalow of actress Kangana Ranaut on Wednesday. IANS sage saying his “ego will be destroyed” the way her Bandra home was demolished. Ranaut again compared Mumbai with Pakistan-Occu- pied Kashmir (PoK) after the Shiv Sena-led Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) demolished “illegal alterations” at her Bandra bungalow. “Uddhav Thackeray, tujhe kya lagta hai (what do you think)?. You think you have taken a huge revenge by destroying my house in collusion with the movie mafia. Today my house is destroyed, tomorrow it will be your ego. The wheels of time keep changing, she said in a video message in Hindi. In a series of posts earlier in the day, Ranaut said there has been no "illegal construction" in her house. "... also government has banned any demolitions in Covid till September 30, Bullywood watch now this is what Fascism looks like #DeathOfDemocracy #KanganaRanaut," the actor tweeted. Ranaut also shared a few photographs of BMC officials at her house, with the captions "Pakistan...#deathofdemocracy" and "Babur and his army #deathofdemocracy". The actor posted past photos from the building, calling it her own "Ram Mandir". Earlier in the day, a BMC team reached the bungalow at Pali Hill in Bandra with bulldozers and excavators and demolished alterations made sans the civic body's approval. Bombay High Court, however, stayed the demolition process initiated by the BMC and sought to know why the city civic body entered the property when the owner was not present. Increased warming closing in on agreed upon limits: UN report ASSOCIATED PRESS 43,70,128 report said. The speed-up could be temporary, or it might not be. There's both man-made warming and natural warming from a strong El Nino weather pattern in the past five years, said World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General Petteri Taalas. The probability of 1.5 degrees (Celsius) is growing year by year, Taalas told The Associated Press. It's very likely to happen in the next decade if we don't change our behaviour. That's potentially faster than what a 2018 UN report found: that the world was likely to hit 1.5 degrees sometime between 2030 and 2052. Breakthrough Institute cli- mate scientist Zeke Hausfather, who wasn't part of the new report, said the document was a good update of what scientists already know. It is “abundantly clear that rapid climate change is continuing and the world is far from on track toward meeting the Paris climate goals, he said. Some countries, including the US and many in Europe, are reducing emissions of heat-trapping carbon dioxide, but Taalas said the world is on a path that will be 3 degrees Celsius warmer compared with the late 19th century. That would be above the Paris accord's less stringent 2-degree Celsius target. The latest report was the UN's annual update on climate disruption caused by the burning of coal, oil and gas. It highlighted more than just increasing temperatures and rising sea levels. Record heat, ice loss, wildfires, floods and droughts continue to worsen, affecting communities, nations and economies around the world, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres wrote in a foreword. The report spotlights unprecedented wildfires in the Amazon, the Arctic and Australia. California is fighting record wildfires as the report was issued. Drought and heat waves substantially increased the risk of wildfires, the report said. The three largest economic losses on record from wildfires have all occurred in the last four years. Carbon dioxide emissions will be down 4% to 7% this year because of reduced travel and industrial activities during the coronavirus pandemic, but the heat-trapping gas stays in the air for a century so the levels in the atmosphere continue to go up, Taalas said. And, he said, so will the warming. So far, this year is the second hottest on record and has a 37% chance of surpassing the global record set in 2016, according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. NEW DELHI, 9 SEPTEMBER
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