CMYK TUESDAY www.thestatesman.com 06 OCTOBER 2020 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 |` 5.00|LC* KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR ‘SECRET EXTRADITION TO BRING MALLYA’ TRUMP’S SURPRISE DRIVE-BY OUTSIDE MILITARY HOSPITAL P10 WEATHER Generally cloudy sky. One or two spells of thundershower. Temperature will be in the range of 33-27 degrees Celsius. RAINFALL: 03.5 mm RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.97% TEMPERATURE P4 P6 SNS & AGENCIES Max: 32.5°C (0) Min: 26.2°C (1) SUN RISES SUN SETS 05:30 hrs 17:20 hrs MOON RISES MOON SETS 20:15 hrs 08:58 hrs Next quarter moon on 10 October THUMBNAILS People wearing protecting masks during coronavirus pandemic, in the Capital on Monday. DEEPAK 10pc of world’s people may have been infected with virus: The head of emergencies at the World Health Organization said Monday its best estimates indicate that roughly 1 in 10 people worldwide may have been infected by the coronavirus more than 20 times the number of confirmed cases and warned of a difficult period ahead. Dr Michael Ryan, speaking to a special session of the WHO focusing on Covid, said the figures vary from urban to ruPG 9 ral, and between different groups. NEW DELHI, 5 OCTOBER he states are now free to decide on reopening of schools after October 15 given the current Covid-19 pandemic. Because of this, the Ministry of Education has prepared Standard Operating Procedures for the reopening of schools. The SOPs are on health, cleanliness and safety while emphasis has also been given to teaching and learning keeping in mind social distancing. Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said, "I hope the states will follow the SOPs. No student will be forced to come to school." The Ministry of Education issued the SOPs saying, "Before the schools are opened, every part of the school has to be thoroughly cleaned and sanitised. Hand washing and disinfection have to be done. From making the children's seating plan to the safe transport plan and classrooms, the emphasis T emphasised. Children will not be able to go to school without the written permission of their parents. According to the Unlock 5.0 guidelines, SOPs also include the flexibility of attendance. If students want, they can opt for online classes instead of going to school. There are many things related to the precautions to be taken for preparing and serving midday meals. PRESS TRUST OF INDIA The Hathras Police have lodged an FIR against “unknown” persons for alleged attempt to trigger caste-based conflict and invoked serious charges, including sedition, officials said on Monday. The development comes amid an undying controversy over the death of a 19year-old Dalit woman after she was allegedly gangraped, and continuous protests and visits to her village by political leaders and activists. The first information report (FIR) was lodged at the Chandpa police station on Sunday afternoon and names unknown as accused, according to police officials.The FIR mentions 19 charges under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The IPC sections include 124A (sedition), 505 (intending to cause public alarm and inducing someone to commit an offence against the state or public tranquillity), 153A (promoting enmity between different SC upset with Centre-RBI’s response on loan moratorium STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 5 OCTOBER Expressing dissatisfaction over the response filed by the Centre and RBI on the loan moratorium issue, the Supreme Court on Monday sought a clarification on the implementation of the Kamat Committee recommendations. The top court has sought specific reply from the Centre on the recommendations by Kamat Committee, which have been accepted and also queried, as to “how many of them have been put in the public domain?” A bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan gave one week to the Centre to file an additional affidavit in the matter clarifying the implementation of the Kamat Committee recommendations. The bench observed that the Kamat Committee recommendations and follow up action on individual sectors has also not been placed before it. STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 5 OCTOBER Schools have been asked to follow the alternative academic calendar of NCERT. During the evaluation, the emphasis has been laid on adopting different formats for learningbased assessment instead of pen and paper tests. No immediate evaluation will be allowed until 2 to 3 weeks after the schools reopen. Schools have been directed to promote online education. Guidelines related to the mental health of students are also given in the SOPs. The Union Ministry of Education said, "The SOPs also enumerate the roles and responsibilities of education departments, heads of schools, teachers and family members in states and Union territories. Based on UNICEF's guidelines to prevent the spread of coronavirus, a checklist has also been included in the SOPs for a safe environment in schools." Given the current pandemic situation, the Kejriwal government in Delhi has decided to keep all schools closed till October 31. IAF chief, Air Chief Marshal R K S Bhadauria today assured the nation that his force was ready to deal with any challenge from China in the wake of the military stand-off in eastern Ladakh, saying strong deployments have been made in all relevant areas keeping in mind the security scenario. Addressing the IAF annual press conference ahead of the Air Force Day on 8 October, Bhadauria asserted that the Chinese air power could not get the better of India’s capabilities but emphasised there was no question of underestimating the adversary since it had made a huge investment in military technology. “Their (China) strength lies in surface-to-air systems they have put up in the area. They have long missile systems. We cater to those in our matrix... we can take on that threat,” he said. Bhadauria said, “We are very well-positioned. There is no question that in case of any conflict, China can get the better of us. We are prepared for any conflict, including for a two front war.” On whether the military was surprised by the Chinese aggression in Ladakh, he said, “We acted swiftly and it will not be correct to say we were surprised...We do hope the talks between the military commanders progress on expected lines.The current progress (by China) is an effort to dig on for the winter... we too are taking actions to step up air assets.” On the disengagement of troops by China in eastern Ladakh, he said the, “progress is slow”. Asked if China could use Pakistan air bases, Bhadauria said it would mean a collusive threat but the force was ready to tackle it. The emerging threat scenario in India’s neighbourhood and beyond mandated the need to have a robust capability to fight across the entire spectrum of warfare. On French Rafale jets which recently arrived in India, he said the fighter planes had provided the IAF a technological edge. “It gives the ability to strike first and strike deep and hard even in a contested airspace,” he said. About the delivery schedule of Rafale, he said more planes were expected to arrive from November. Modi to meet Xi on 17 Nov NEW DELHI, 5 OCTOBER Prime Minister Narendra Modi will come face-to-face with Chinese President Xi Jinping for the first time since a tense military standoff in May, at the 12th BRICS Summit to be hosted by Russia, virtually, on 17 November. The two leaders had two successful informal summits in 2018 and 2019 but never exchanged a word since the standoff. Relations between two nations is at its ebb in the last five months. Russia today announced that the theme of the summit would be “BRICS Partnership for Global Stability, Shared Security and Innovative Growth”. According to a statement issued by Moscow, the five participating nations have been able to maintain ‘close strategic partnership’ amid Covid crisis. It is still unclear if border tensions between India and China would SNS be discussed. In fresh FIR against ‘unknown’ persons, Hathras police claim plot to defame Yogi govt HATHRAS(UP), 5 OCTOBER Bombay HC order on compensation to kin if patient dies due to hospital laxity: The Bombay High Court on Monday said if a COVID-19 patient dies in a state or civic-run hospital due to culpable negligence on part of the medical facility, then his/her family members would be entitled for compensation. A division bench of Chief Justice Dipankar Datta and Justice N J Jamadar said the state government has a duty and responsibility towards its citizens. has also been laid on the provision of time-gap between all arrangements for security at the entry and exit points and the provision of safe living in hostels." The SOPs include maintaining a six feet gap for social distancing. Everyone will have to wear masks at all times in areas involving classes, laboratories and sports. Frequent hand washing and respiratory etiquette have also been P12 Prepared for any challenge from China: IAF chief New guidelines on reopening schools Children need written permission of their parents to attend school Min. 63% BACK THEM LONG ENOUGH AND THEY WILL SHINE UPPER IN NAME The bench said "Why was it not placed before us?" Senior advocate V V Giri representing the RBI submitted before the bench that decisions have been taken at the highest level and the government has assured hand-holding of small borrowers. Giri said the government proposal will take care of large chunk of small borrowers, who fear interest on interest during the moratorium. The bench said no consequential orders, circulars have been issued by the Centre or Reserve Bank of India to enforce the decisions, and also Kamat Committee recommendations have not been placed before the court. The top court emphasized that the RBI should should make public the recommendations that have been accepted. The bench allowed the Centre and RBI to file additional affidavit on policy decision and it's implementation, and scheduled the next hearing in the matter on October 13. The Centre in an affidavit informed the Supreme Court that it has taken a decision to waive "interest on interest" on loans up to Rs 2 crore during the six-month moratorium period. The affidavit said the only solution is that the government should bear the burden resulting from waiver of compound interest. "After careful consideration and weighing all possible options, the respondent Union of India has decided to continue the tradition of hand-holding the small borrowers," it said. The categories of loans up to Rs 2 crore include: MSME loans, education loans, housing loans, consumer durable loans, credit card dues, auto loans, personal loans to professional and consumption loans. groups).The police have also invoked section 67 (transmitting obscene material in electronic form) of the IT Act, according to the FIR. The UP government's statements and facts related to the Hathras incident are being forged, manipulated and circulated through social media. Misleading content is being shared with forged logos of media houses, a police officer said. Some accused are circulating material that could trigger caste-based conflict, the officer said, adding the investigation is underway.According to local officials, the Hathras police have so far registered around a dozen complaints under the IT Act related to the Dalit girl's case and they are being probed by the Cyber Cell. The incidents have triggered a massive outrage across the country, bringing severe flak for the government of UP which has now recommended a CBI probe into the whole episode. In a related development, the security of the family of the Dalit woman who died a fortnight after being allegedly gangraped in Hathras district has been tightened and her brother has been provided with two gunners, a senior Uttar Pradesh government official said on Monday. Bengal: 3,348 fresh cases, 61 deaths in a day Active cases below 10-L mark for two consecutive weeks KOLKATA, 5 OCTOBER SNS & PTI NEW DELHI, 5 OCTOBER West Bengal recorded a single-day spike with 3,348 fresh Covid cases and 61 deaths taking the total case count to 2,73,679 and death toll to 5,255 while there are 27,717 active cases. Kolkata registered the highest single-day deaths recording 16 deaths and 669 fresh cases while North 24 Parganas recorded 742 cases and nine deaths. With 3,009 Covid patients being discharged from hospitals in a single day, a total of 2,40,707 patients have recovered in the state till now taking discharge rate to 87.95 per cent. Covid bed occupancy rate is 37.51 per SNS cent. For straight two weeks, India has maintained a steady trend of recording less than 10 lakh active COVID-19 cases while the number of people who have recuperated from the disease surged to 55,86,703, pushing the recovery rate to 84.34 per cent, the Health Ministry said on Monday. Early identification of cases through aggressive and accessible countrywide testing combined with other measures such as prompt and efficient tracking and tracing of contacts have borne results, the ministry said. “The active cases has been maintained below the 10-lakh mark for 14 days unabated. For two straight weeks today, the active cases are less than 1 million (10 lakhs),” the ministry said.In total, 76,737 recoveries have been registered in a span of24 hours in the country whereas 74,442 fresh infections were reported during the same period, health ministry data updated at 8 am showed.The new recoveries have exceeded new cases in recent days, the ministry said.“The higher number of single-day recoveries has resulted in a sustained increase in the national recovery rate, currently pegged at 84.34 per cent,” it said. Seventy-five per cent of the new recovered cases were recorded in 10 states and union territories. 66,23,815 9,34,427 74,442 76,737 1,02,685 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 08.00 A.M. MONDAY 05 OCTOBER 2020 Three win Nobel medicine prize for hepatitis C virus discovery Centre to release `20,000 cr to states as GST compensation ASSOCIATED PRESS STOCKHOLM, 5 OCTOBER Americans Harvey J Alter and Charles M Rice, and British scientist Michael Houghton were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology on Monday for the discovery of the hepatitis C virus. Announcing the prize in Stockholm on Monday, the Nobel Committee noted that the trio’s work helped explain a major source of blood-borne hepatitis that couldn't be explained by the hepatitis A and B viruses.Their work makes possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives, the committee said.Thanks to their discovery, highly sensitive blood tests for the virus are now available and these have essentially eliminated post-transfusion hepatitis in PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI, 5 OCTOBER many parts of the world, greatly improving global health, the committee said. Their discovery also allowed the rapid development of antiviral drugs directed at hepatitis C, it added. For the first time in history, the disease can now be cured, raising hopes of eradicating hepatitis C virus from the world population.The World Health Organisation estimates there are over 70 million cases of hepatitis worldwide and 400,000 deaths each year. The disease is chronic and a major cause of liver inflammation and can- cer.The prestigious Nobel award comes with a gold medal and prize money of 10 million Swedish kronor (over USD 1,118,000), courtesy of a bequest left 124 years ago by the prize's creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel.The medicine prize carried particular significance this year due to the coronavirus pandemic, which has highlighted the importance that medical research has for societies and economies around the world.The Nobel Committee often recognizes basic science that has laid the foundations for practical applications in common use today. The award is the first of six prizes being announced through October 12. The other prizes are for outstanding work in the fields of physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economics. CMYK The Centre on Monday said it will tonight release Rs 20,000 crore to states on account of GST compensation dues. Briefing reporters after the meeting of the 42nd GST Council here, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said the states which received less apportionment of Integrated GST (IGST) for 2017-18, the Centre will next week transfer a cumulative Rs 24,000 crore to them. On the issue of releasing compensation to the states, Sitharaman said: “This year whatever we have collected till now, Rs 20,000 crore will get disbursed tonight”. The compensation requirement of states between April and July stood at Rs 1.51 lakh crore. On the issue of IGST, she said excess IGST apportioned to certain states would be retrieved. However, the minister did not mention the amount. Sitharaman said Rs 24,000 crore would be released by the middle of next week to those states which have received less IGST share against their actual dues. The minister said the proposal to extend GST compensation cess levy beyond 2022 was cleared by the GST Council. “Levy of Compensation Cess to be extended beyond the transition period of five years i.e. beyond June, 2022, for such period as may be required to meet the revenue gap,” an official statement said. Under the GST structure, taxes are levied under 5, 12, 18 and 28 per cent slabs. On top of the highest tax slab, a cess is levied on luxury, sin and demerit goods and the proceeds from the same are used to compensate states for any revenue loss. Finance Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey said with effect from January 1, 2021, GST refunds would be paid/disbursed in a validated bank account linked with the PAN and Aadhaar of the registered taxpayer.
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