SUNDAY www.thestatesman.com 11 OCTOBER 2020 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 | `5.00 |LC* KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR ‘TALIBAN PEACE DEAL NOT DETRIMENTAL TO INDIA’S SECURITY’ CAMPAIGN GAMES P6 WEATHER Partly cloudy sky. Thundershower in some areas. Temperature will be in the range of 34-27 degrees Celsius. RAINFALL: 5.4 mm RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.97% TEMPERATURE DJOKOVIC SETS UP HUMDINGER BATTLE LINES DRAWN IN TAMIL NADU P4 P7 Rape cases must Pompeo: China has deployed be probed within 60K soldiers at India’s border 2 months: Centre PRESS TRUST OF INDIA WASHINGTON, 10 OCTOBER Min. 62% Max: 34.4°C (2) Min: 26.8°C (2) SUN RISES SUN SETS 05:32 hrs 17:14 hrs MOON RISES MOON SETS --.-13:23 hrs New Moon on 17 October THUMBNAILS The last rites of Union minister Ram Vilas Paswan under way at the Janardan Ghat in (DETAILS ON PG 5) Patna on Saturday. IANS Republic TV's CFO skips summon: Despite summons, Republic TV's Chief Financial Officer (CFO) did not appear before the Mumbai police on Saturday to record his statement in connection with the TRP manipulation racket, saying the channel has approached the Supreme Court in the case, a senior official said. Shiva Subramaniyam Sundaram against whom summons had been issued on Friday, also requested the police not to record his statement saying the top court's hearing is scheduled within a week, the official said. Armenia, Azerbaijan truce in Nagorno-Karabakh: K With Russia's mediation, Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to a cease-fire in Nagorno-Karabakh starting Saturday following two weeks of heavy fighting that marked the worst outbreak of hostilities in the separatist region in more than a quarter-century. The countries' foreign ministers said that the truce is intended to exchange prisoners and recover the dead. Minutes after it entered force at noon (0800 GMT), Armenia and Azerbaijan accused PG 11 each other of breaching the cease-fire. MHA issues advisory on mandatory action to States,UTs STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 10 OCTOBER CENTRE GETS CRACKING he Centre has issued a fresh advisory to states and UTs on mandatary action in cases of crimes against women, and said probe into rape cases must be completed within two months as per law and that dying declaration of a victim can’t be discarded merely because it has not been recorded by a magistrate. The detailed three-page advisory of the Union Home Ministry came days after the alleged gangrape and murder of a woman at Hathras in Uttar Pradesh sparked nationwide outrage. The Home ministry said there should be compulsory registration of an FIR in case of a cognisable offence under the CrPC, and any failure of police to adhere to rules does not augur well for the delivery of justice. The law also enables the police to register an FIR or a “Zero FIR”, in case the crime is committed outside the jurisdiction of police station, in the event of receipt of information on commission of a cognisable offence, which includes cases of sexual assault on women, the Ministry said. “However, even with stringent provisions in law and several capacity building measures undertaken, any failure of police to adhere to these mandatory requirements may not augur well for the delivery of criminal justice in the The detailed three-page advisory of the Union Home Ministry comes days after the alleged gangrape and murder of a woman at Hathras in Uttar Pradesh sparked nationwide outrage. T The Home ministry said there should be compulsory registration of an FIR in case of a cognisable offence under the CrPC, and any failure of police to adhere to laid down rules does not augur well for the delivery of justice. The advisory also says that a victim’s dying statement can’t be discarded merely because it has not been recorded by a magistrate country, especially in the context of women safety,” it said. “Such lapses, if noticed, need to be investigated into and stringent action taken immediately against the concerned officers responsible for the same,” the advisory to states and Union Territory administrations said. The Home Ministry told the states and UT administrations that the Section 173 of CrPC provides for completion of police investigation in relation to rape in two months and Section 164-A of CrPC provides that in rape or sexual assault investigation, the victim should be examined by a registered medical practitioner under consent within twenty-four hours from the time of receiving the information of commission of such offence. The advisory said the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, provides that the statement, written or verbal by a person, who is dead, shall be treated as relevant fact in the investigation when the statement is made by a person as to the cause of his (or her) death or as to any of the circumstances of the transaction which resulted in his (or her) death. The Supreme Court in an order on 7 January 2020, directed that a statement, when being offered as dying declaration and satisfies all the requirements of judicial scrutiny, cannot be discarded merely because it has not been recorded by a Magistrate, MHA said. The Directorate of Forensic Science Services under the MHA has issued guidelines for collection, preservation & transportation of forensic evidence in sexual assault cases. In order to facilitate the State Police, Bureau of Police Research and Development has issued Sexual Assault Evidence Collection (SAEC) Kits to every State/UT, MHA said. China has amassed 60,000 troops at India’s northern border, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said as he hit out at Beijing for its “bad behaviour” and the threats it poses to the Quad countries. The foreign ministers from the Indo-Pacific nations known as the Quad group~the US, Japan, India and Australia~ met in Tokyo on Tuesday in what was their first in-person talks since the coronavirus pandemic began. The meeting took place in the backdrop of China’s aggressive military behaviour in the Indo-Pacific, South China Sea and along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh. “The Indians are seeing 60,000 Chinese soldiers on their northern border, Pompeo told The Guy Benson Show in an interview on Friday after his return from Tokyo wherein he attended the second Quad ministerial with his counterparts from India, Japan and Australia. “I was with my foreign minister counterparts from India, Australia, and Japan a format that we call the Quad, four big democracies, four powerful economies, four nations, each of whom has real risk associated with the threats imposed by the Chinese Communist Party. And they see it in their home countries too,” he said. Pompeo met External Affairs minister S Jaishankar in Tokyo on Tuesday and they underscored the need to work together to advance, peace, prosperity and security in the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Foreign minister S. Jaishankar arrive in Tokyo ahead of the four Indo-Pacific nations’ foreign ministers meeting. AFP US NSA hits out at China: China has attempted to “seize” control of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with India by force as part of its territorial aggression, US’ national security advisor has said, underlining that time has come to accept that dialogue and agreements will not persuade Beijing to change. “CCP’s (Chinese Communist Party) territorial aggression is also apparent on its Indian border where China has attempted to seize control of the Line of Actual Control by force,” US National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien said in a remark on China early this week in Utah. “Beijing’s signature international development programme, One Belt One Road (OBOR), involves impoverished companies taking on opaque and unsustainable Chinese loans to pay Chinese firms employing Chinese labourers to build their infrastructure, he said. “The time has come to accept that dialogue and agreements will not persuade or compel the People’s Republic of China to change. There's nothing to be gained from looking the other way or turning the other cheek. We’ve been PTI doing that for too long, he said. Indo-Pacific and around the globe. He described his meeting with Jaishankar as “productive.” “They see, the people of their (Quad) nations understanding that we all slept on this for too long. For decades, the West allowed the Chinese Communist Party to walk all over us. The previous administration bent a knee, too often allowed China to steal our intellectual properties and the millions of jobs that came along with it. They see that in their country too,” he said in the interview. In another interview with Larry O’Connor, Pompeo said in his meetings with his counterparts from Japan, India and Australia, they began to develop a set Bharat Biotech asked to submit phase 2 trial data of Covaxin before phase 3 India’s Covid caseload approaches 7 million mark; nearly 6 million cured PRESS TRUST OF INDIA SNS & PTI NEW DELHI, 10 OCTOBER Bharat Biotech, which had sought DCGI’s nod for conducting phase-3 clinical trials of its Covid-19 vaccine candidate, has been asked to submit complete safety and immunogenicity data of the ongoing phase-2 trial, besides providing some clarifications, before proceeding for the next stage. The vaccine candidate ~ ‘Covaxin’~is being indigenously developed by the Bharat Biotech in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). The Hyderabad-based vaccine maker applied to the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) on 2 October, seeking its permission to conduct phase3 randomised double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre trial of its Covid-19 vaccine candidate. The firm in its appli- cation said that the study would cover 28,500 subjects aged 18 years and above and would be conducted in 19 sites~including Delhi, Mumbai, Patna and Lucknow -~ across 10 states. According to sources, the phase-2 trial of the Covaxin is going on and the second dose is yet to be given to volunteers at some sites. “The company presented phase-3 clinical trial protocol along with interim data of phase 1 and 2 clinical trials,” an official said. The subject expert committee (SEC) at the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation(CDSCO) deliberated on the application on 5 October. “After a detailed deliberation, the committee opined that the design of the phase-3 study is in principle satisfactory except for clarification on definition of asymptomatic, etc. “However, the study should be initiated with appropriate dose identified from the phase-2 safety and immunogenicity data. Accordingly, the firm should submit safety and immunogenicity data from phase-2 trial for consideration,” the panel said in its recommendations. The SEC also observed that the vaccine was well-tolerated in all dose groups and no serious adverse events have been reported so far. The most common adverse event was pain at the injection site, which resolved transiently, the source said. The phase-3 clinical trial application proposed a dose of 0.5 ml on day 0 and 28, sources said. Indigenously developed vaccine candidate by Zydus Cadila Ltd is in the phase 2 of the human clinical trials. The Pune-based Serum Institute of India, which has partnered with AstraZeneca for manufacturing the Oxford Covid vaccine candidate, is also conducting Phase 2 and 3 human clinical trials. NEW DELHI/KOLKATA, 10 OCTOBER India reported 73,272 new coronavirus cases in a span of 24 hours, taking the overall caseload to 69,79,423, while 59,88,822 people have recuperated so far, pushing the recovery rate to 85.81 percent, according to the Union Health Ministry data updated on Saturday. The death toll due to Covid-19 climbed to 1,07,416 with 926 people succumbing to the disease during the period, the data updated at 8 a.m. showed. The number of active coronavirus cases remained below 9 lakh for a second day. There are 8,83,185 active cases of infection in the country which make 12.65 per cent of the total caseload, the data stated. The Covid-19 case fatality rate was recorded at 1.54 per cent. India's Covid-19 tally had crossed the 20-lakh mark on August 7, 30 lakh on August 23 and 40 lakh on September 5. It went past 50 lakh on September 16 and crossed 60 lakh on September 28. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), a cumulative 8,57,98,698 samples have been tested up to October 9. As many as 11,64,018 samples were tested on Friday. Bengal numbers on the rise: West Bengal recorded another 3,591 fresh Covid cases and 62 deaths on Saturday, taking the total case count to 2,91,194 and death toll to 5,563 while the active cases increased to 29,793. Kolkata and the neighbouring districts of North and South 24 Parganas, Howrah and Hooghly continued to raise concern due to the high single-day caseloads and deaths. Kolkata registered the highest single-day deaths and fresh cases by recording 20 deaths and 783 cases today followed by North 24-Parganas with 756 cases and 12 deaths. With 3,032 Covid patients being discharged from hospitals in a single day, a total of 2,55,838 patients have recovered in the state till now taking the discharge rate to 87.86 per cent while Covid bed occupancy rate is 36.85 per cent. During the day, samples of 42,855 people were tested for Covid while the positivity rate stood at 7.98 per cent. NEW DELHI, 10 OCTOBER The Centre has told the Supreme Court that going any further than the fiscal policy decisions already taken, such as waiver of compound interest charged on loans of up to Rs 2 crore for six months moratorium period, may be “detrimental” to the overall economic scenario, the national economy and banks may not take “inevitable financial constraints”. The Union Finance Ministry, through its additional secretary Pankaj Jain, filed the affidavit in compliance of the top court’s 5 October order asking it to place on record the K V Kamath Committee recommendations on debt restructuring in view of Covid19 related stress on various sectors as well as the notifications and circulars issued so far on the loan moratorium and financial difficulties. Prior to this, the Centre had told the top court that it has decided to waive compound interest (interest on interest) charged on loans of up to Rs 2 crores for a six-month moratorium period announced due to the pandemic from individual borrowers in eight categories - MSME, Education loan, Housing Loan, consumer durable loan, credit card dues, auto loan, personal loans to professionals and consumption loans. The court, on 5 October, had asked the Centre and the RBI to file fresh ones in the case. In the fresh affidavit, the Centre referred to its various fiscal policy decisions and the RBI and expressed inability in expanding the scope of reliefs already provided to different sectors. “It is... submitted that while taking... decision and to supplement the earlier fiscal policy decisions under the ‘Garib Kalyan’ and ‘Aatma Nirbhar’ packages entailing substantial financial burden, the respondent government has rationalised the fiscal impact of the same, and that going any further than what has been decided may be detrimental to the overall economic scenario, and the national economy or the banking sector may not be able to take the inevitable financial constraints resulting therefrom.” The official said the Centre’s decision with regard to the question of waiver of interest on interest to bear the burden of compounding of interest in respect of certain categories of loans was taken in the larger public interest only in the specific context of the pandemic, which is, by itself, an unprecedented situation. Such fiscal policy decisions are taken after an elaborate exercise of gathering of facts, careful assessment of these facts and considering various alternatives, keeping in mind the economic impact on financial strength of stakeholders and all other relevant factors, more particularly during the pandemic when the global fiscal scenario is equally bad and the fact that it is uncertain as to till what date the present global and national economic stress will continue, the affidavit said. The Centre said that the recommendations of the Kamath Committee have been broadly accepted by the RBI and the panel found “variable impact No such indication: Army commander on China-aided missile sites in PoK SRINAGAR, 10 OCTOBER 69,79,423 8,83,185 73,272 82,753 1,07,416 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 08.00 A.M. SATURDAY 10 OCTOBER 2020 Cannot go any further from current loan relief plan, Centre tells SC PRESS TRUST OF INDIA of understandings and policies that can jointly take these countries to work to present a true resistance to the threats that the Chinese Communist Party poses to each of these nations. India and China are locked in a bitter border standoff in eastern Ladakh since early May that has significantly strained the bilateral ties. Both sides have held a series of diplomatic and military talks to resolve the row. However, no breakthrough has been achieved to end the standoff. China unsuccessfully attempted to occupy Indian territory in the southern bank of Pangong lake in the last week of August. “Whether it’s the Australians who did the simple thing of saying the Chinese screwed this deal up with the virus, and we’d like to understand what happened and said we ought to have a full investigation, and in exchange for that, the Chinese Communist Party began to extort, coerce, bully the Australians, Pompeo said. “The world has awakened. The tide’s begun to turn. And the United States under President Trump’s leadership has now built out a coalition that will push back against the threat and maintain good order, the rule of law, and the basic civic decency that comes from democracies controlling the world and not authoritarian regimes,” Pompeo said. He said that the three other countries Japan, India, and Australia were building out a coalition around the world who understand the threat from the Chinese Communist Party. of the pandemic across several sectors, with varying degrees of severity and varying nature of problems”. “A perusal of the entire report would show that it is neither possible nor desirable to arrive at any one particular formula, whether sectorspecific or otherwise, to deal with the stress situation arising from the unprecedented pandemic,” it said. The Kamath panel had made recommendations for 26 sectors that could be factored by lending institutions while finalising loan resolution plans and that banks could adopt a graded approach based on the severity of the pandemic on a sector. Amidst reports that China is helping Pakistan set up sites for surface-to-air missiles in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK), a top Army commander here on Saturday said there is no indication of any tactical help being extended by Beijing to Islamabad. Corps Commander of the Army’s Srinagar-based Chinar Corps Lt Gen B S Raju, however, said there is military cooperation between Pakistan and China in terms of equipment. Amidst the continuing standoff between Indian and Chinese troops in Ladakh, media reports quoting intelligence inputs have claimed that China is helping Pakistan set up sites for surface-to-air missiles in PoK as soldiers of their armies have been carrying out joint patrols in the region. Gen Raju said there has not been any such indication. “I have seen the reports in the media. Whether Pakistan is helping China or China is helping Pakistan, we have no such indication,” he told reporters on the sidelines of a passing outcum-attestation parade at the Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry Regimental Centre on the outskirts of the city here. “But because of the CPEC (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor), there is the presence of China in Pakistan. The military cooperation in terms of equipment is there, but we are not seeing any tactical help,” he said. According to the reports, the construction work for the installation of surface-to-air missile defence system is being carried out by the Pakistan army and China’s People’s Liberation Army at Pauli Pir near LasadanPTI na Dhok of PoK.
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