SUNDAY www.thestatesman.com 18 OCTOBER 2020 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 | `5.00 |LC* KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR MEXICO EX-DEFENCE MINISTER’S ARREST STUNS MILITARY JACINDA ARDERN WINS SECOND TERM AS NEW ZEALAND PM P10 WEATHER Partly cloudy sky. One or two spells of thundershower. Temperature will be in the range of 34-27 degrees Celsius. RAINFALL: Nil RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.95% TEMPERATURE Min. 59% Max: 35.2°C (3) Min: 25.9°C (1) SUN RISES SUN SETS 05:34 hrs 17:09 hrs MOON RISES MOON SETS 05:50 hrs 17:48 hrs Moon first quarter on 23 October THUMBNAILS A model of a migrant mother symbolising Goddess Durga is installed as a pandal theme decoration to highlight the plight of migrant labourers. In Kolkata on Saturday. AFP FIR registered against Kangana over tweets: On the orders of a local court, Mumbai Police on Saturday registered an FIR against actor Kangana Ranaut and her sister Rangoli Chandel for allegedly promoting enmity between different communities and other charges. The Bandra Metropolitan Magistrate's court had ordered the police to investigate a complaint filed by Munawwar Ali Sayyed, a Bollywood casting director, which referred to Ranaut's and her sister's tweets and other statements. Nine people killed in UP road accident: At least 9 people lost their lives and around 32 were injured in a collision between a jeep and an Uttar Pradesh roadways bus in Pilibhit on Saturday, police said. Due to the impact of the collision, the bus fell in a nearby ditch, they said, adding that the driver of the bus is among the dead. The accident occurred in Puranpur Police Station area of the district, a senior police official said. ”Seven of the passengers died on the spot and the injured are undergoing treatment at the district hospital in Pilibhit,” Jaiprakash Yadav, SP, Pilibhit, said. ‘RAJIV WOULD HAVE BUILT TEMPLE, SAVED CONGRESS’ P10 P6 PM directs readiness in Covid-19 vaccine distribution system PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI, 17 OCTOBER Calling for full preparedness to ensure speedy access to Covid-19 vaccines for every citizen, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday suggested developing a vaccine delivery system on the lines of conduct of polls and disaster management while involving all levels of government and citizen groups. Chairing a meeting to review the Covid-19 pandemic situation and the preparedness of vaccine delivery, distribution, and administration, the Prime Minister also noted a steady decline in the daily cases and the growth rate. At the same time, he also cautioned against any complacency at the decline and called for keeping up the efforts to contain the pandemic. He insisted on continued social distancing and Covid-appropriate behaviour such as wearing the mask, regularly washing hands and sanitation, especially in the wake of upcoming festival season. The meeting was attended by Union Health minister Harsh Vardhan, Principal Secretary to PM, Member (Health) NITI Aayog, Principal Scientific Advisor, senior scientists, officers of PMO, and officials from various other departments. In a statement, the PMO said said Indian Scientists and research teams are collaborating and strengthening the research capacities in neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Mal- DRL gets DCGI’s nod to conduct Covid vaccine phase 2/3 trials HYDERABAD, 17 OCTOBER Dr.Reddys Laboratories Ltd. and Russian Direct Investment Fund, Russia’s sovereign wealth fund, on Saturday announced that they have received approval from the Drug Control General of India to conduct an adaptive phase 2/3 human clinical trial for Sputnik V vaccine in India. The city-based drug maker said in a Press release that this will be a multi-centre and randomised controlled study, which will include safety and immunogenicity study. dives, Mauritius, Nepal and Sri Lanka. National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for Covid-19 (NEGVAC) in consultation with state governments and all relevant stakeholders have prepared and presented a detailed blueprint of vaccine storage, distribution, and administration. The Expert Group, in consultation with states, is working actively on prioritisation and distribution of the vaccine. “It must include advanced planning of cold storage chains, distribution network, monitoring mechanism, advance assessment, and preparation of ancillary equipment required, such as vails, syringes etc,” the statement said. Earlier in September 2020, Dr.Reddys and RDIF entered into a partnership to conduct clinical trials of Sputnik V vaccine and its distribution in India. As part of the partnership, RDIF shall supply 100 million doses of the vaccine to Dr.Reddys upon regulatory approval in India. G V Prasad, Co-chairman and MD,Dr. Reddy, said “This is a significant development that allows us to commence the clinical trial in India and we are committed to bringing in a safe and efficacious vaccine to combat the PTI pandemic.” “The Prime Minister further directed that we should make use of experience of successful conduct of elections and disaster management in the country. The Prime Minister said that in a similar manner vaccine delivery and administration systems should be conducted. “This should involve the participation of states/Union Territories/district-level functionaries, civil society organisations, volunteers, citizens, and experts from all necessary domains. “The entire process should have a strong IT backbone and the system should be designed in such a manner so as to have a lasting value to our healthcare system,” the PMO statement said. Active Covid-19 cases fall below 8L STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 17 OCTOBER 74,32,680 7,95,087 62,212 A train arrives at the platform as the metro network prepares to resume services after more than a 6-month shutdown. At the Andheri metro station in Mumbai on Saturday. AFP 1,12,998 lost the battle against the pandemic. The recovery rate stands at 87.78 per cent, while the fatality rate is 1.52 per cent. India stood second behind the USA in terms of active cases of Covid-19 as well as total caseload, according to Worldometer. It is in the number one position in terms of the number of recovered cases while it is in the third spot in terms of fatalities after the US and Brazil. Maharashtra continues to be the worst-hit with a total of 15,76,062 cases, including 41,502 deaths; followed by Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi. According to data 70,816 1,12,998 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 8.00 A.M. SATURDAY 17 OCTOBER 2020 from ICMR, India conducted 9,99,090 sample tests in a single day on Friday. Experts blame siloed approach in tackling malnutrition, lack of monitoring PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI, 17 OCTOBER ndia ranked 94 among 107 nations in the Global Hunger Index 2020 and was in the ‘serious’ hunger category with experts blaming poor implementation processes, lack of effective monitoring, siloed approach in tackling malnutrition and poor performance by large states behind the low ranking. In 2019, India’s rank was 102 out of 117 countries. Neighbouring Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan too were in the ‘serious’ category but ranked higher than India in this year’s hunger index. While Bangladesh ranked 75, Myanmar and Pakistan were in the 78th and 88th position respectively. Nepal in 73rd and Sri Lanka in 64th position were in ‘moderate’ hunger category, the report showed. Seventeen nations, including China, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Cuba and Kuwait, shared the top rank with GHI scores of less than five, the website of the Global Hunger Index, that tracks hunger and malnutrition, said on Friday. According to the report released on Friday, 14 per cent of India's population was undernourished. It also showed the country recorded a 37.4 per cent stunting rate among children under five and a wasting rate of 17.3 per cent. The under-five mortality rate stood at 3.7 per cent. Wasting is children who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition. Stunting is children under the age of I Record rise in Bengal’s daily caseload The relentless rise in the number of new Covid-19 cases added each day in West Bengal continued on Saturday, with the state recording an unprecedented 3,865 fresh Covid cases, along with 61 deaths over the last 24 hours. This has taken the total case count to 3,17,053 and the death toll to 5,992 while there are currently 33,121 active cases. Bengal has been adding upward of 3,000 new cases every day since 5 September, and the number has risen steadily in the weeks since. 15 people died in Kolkata and North 24-Parganas each while the city recorded 784 fresh cases and 792 cases were recorded in the neighbouring district. A total of 2,77,940 patients have recovered in the state till SNS now. 190 first-gen learners ace NEET exam from T’gana STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE HYDERABAD, 17 OCTOBER A total of 190 students hailing from the governmentrun social welfare schools of Telangana have secured top All India ranks in the Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) categories of the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for undergraduate medical and dental colleges across the country. Mostly first generation learners, they are the children of beedi workers, small farmers agricultural labourers, vegetable vendors, autorickshaw drivers, cooks and house maids and have overcome plenty of obstacles along with abject poverty. A total of 142 SC students from schools under Telangana Social Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (TSWREIS) and another 48 tribal students of Telangana Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institution Society have secured top ranks in SC & ST category this year Their parents could not have afforded coaching classes in private institutions but the government run residential schools for SC and ST students provided them with special coaching and the opportunity to prepare for the all India examination for medical and dental courses. A total of 142 SC students from schools under Telangana Social Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society(TSWREIS) and anoth- er 48 tribal students of Telangana Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institution Society have secured top ranks in the SC and ST category this time. Out of 142 SC students, 102 have secured ranks in MBBS and 40 in BDS while among the ST students, 30 have qualified for MBBS and 58 for BDS. A very proud secretary of the two societies and IPS officer Dr RS Praveen Kumar said the results were “his- toric” and gave credit to the students and teachers. “In 2012-13 we got just 3 MBBS seats and now more than 100. What a mega transformation!” added the officer who is regarded as a hero for the turn around achieved by these schools and the students hailing from the marginalised communities. He went on to point out that in the erstwhile unified state of Andhra Pradesh, less than five students used to secure seats in medical colleges every year. But in 2015, Operation Blue Crystal programme was launched for SC students and Operation Emerald for ST students to provide free NEET coaching to the meritorious ones which have now borne P12 India fares poorly in Global Hunger Index KOLKATA 7 OCTOBER With the addition of 62,211 new Covid-19 cases in 24 hours, India’s tally of coronavirus infections has reached 74,32,680, the Union Health Ministry said on Saturday. The country also recorded 837 deaths. The time taken for the total number of cases to double has increased sharply which is commensurate with the substantial fall in new cases added each day. Furthermore, the number of active cases of coronavirus infection has dropped below eight lakh for the first time in one-and-half months, according to the ministry. On Saturday, the number of currently active cases stood at 7,95,087, according to Health Ministry data. As many as 65,24,595 patients have been discharged, while WHEN KNIGHT RIDERS FELL FACE DOWN fruit. For instance D Girija who secured 85 rank in ST category hails from a tiny tribal hamlet and both parents are labourers. “I want to be a cardiac surgeon and make a difference in the lives of poor people,” said Girija. G Abhilash who secured 168 rank in SC was infected with Covid-19 just a few days before NEET. “I was self-isolated for 14 days but the virus could not dampen my spirits,” he said while thanking his teachers for motivating him to stay focussed. Dr RS Praveen Kumar has been credited for transforming the social welfare schools of the state government and changing the lives of students from the most marginalised section. five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition. Data from 1991 through 2014 for Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan showed that stunting was concentrated among children from households facing multiple forms of deprivation, including poor dietary diversity, low levels of maternal education, and household poverty. During this period, India experienced a decline in under-five mortality, driven largely by a decrease in deaths from birth asphyxia or trauma, neonatal infections, pneumonia, and diarrhoea, the report stated. “However, child mortality, caused by prematurity and low birth weight, increased particularly in poorer states and rural areas. Prevention of prematurity and low birthweight is identified as a key factor with the potential to reduce under-five mortality in India, through actions such as better antenatal care, education, and nutrition as well as reductions in anaemia and oral tobacco use,” it said. Experts think that poor implementation processes, lack of effective monitoring and siloed approaches to tackling malnutrition often result in poor nutrition indices. Purnima Menon, a senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, said the performance of large states like UP Bihar , and Madhya Pradesh need to be improved to see an overall change of India’s ranking. “The national average is affected a lot by the states like UP and Bihar... the states which actually have a combination of high levels of malnutrition and they contribute a lot to the population of the country. “Every fifth child born in India is in Uttar Pradesh. So if you have a high level of malnutrition in a state that has a high population, it contributes a lot to India’s average. Obviously, then, India’s average will be slow to move,” she said. Menon said big states with large population and a high burden of malnutrition are those which are actually affecting India’s average. “So, if we want a change in India then we would also need a change in Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar,” she said. Shweta Khandelwal, the head of Nutrition Research and Additional Professor at Public Health Foundation of India, said the country has one of the most impressive portfolios of programmes and policies in nutrition in the books. “However, the ground realities are quite dismal.” “Research shows that our top-down approach, poor implementation processes, lack of effective monitoring and siloed approaches in tackling malnutrition (missing convergence) often result in poor nutrition indices. We must integrate actions to make public health and nutrition a priority across each sector,” she said. Khandelwal suggested five measures to prevent exacerbation of hunger because of the pandemic. “Safeguard and promote access to nutritious, safe and affordable diets; invest in improving maternal and child nutrition through pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood; reactivate and scale-up services for the early detection and treatment of child wasting; maintain the provision of nutritious and safe school meals for vulnerable children and expand social protection to safeguard access to nutritious diets and essential service,” she said. She said it is important to aim at curbing multiple forms of malnutrition holistically in a concerted manner rather than single shortsighted fixes.
The Statesman is one of India's oldest English newspapers. It was founded in Kolkata in 1875 and is directly descended from The Friend of India (founded 1818). The Englishman (founded 1821) was merged with The Statesman in 1934. The Delhi edition of The Statesman began publication in 1931. The Statesman Weekly is a compendium of news and views from the Kolkata and Delhi editions. Printed on airmail paper, it is popular with readers outside India. The Statesman (average weekday circulation approximately 180,000) is a leading English newspaper in West Bengal. The Sunday Statesman has a circulation of 230,000.