CMYK MONDAY www.thestatesman.com 25 JANUARY 2021 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 |` 5.00|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING BILL CLINTON CONG-AIUDF WOULD OPEN ALL GATES TO INFILTRATORS: SHAH P7 WEATHER Fog/Mist in the morning, mainly clear sky later. Temperature likely to in the range of 27-15 degree Celsius. RAINFALL: Nil RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max. 99% TEMPERATURE P4 Farmers’ rally after R-Day events: Police PRESS TRUST OF INDIA Max: 26.1°C (N) Min: 14.0°C (N) SUN RISES SUN SETS 06:18 hrs 17:20 hrs MOON SETS MOON RISES 02:17 hrs 13:27 hrs Full moon on 29 January THUMBNAILS An Army scout car participates in a full dress rehearsal for the Republic Day parade at Red Road in Kolkata on Sunday. SNS Oli ‘expelled‘ from Nepal ruling party: Nepal’s Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli was expelled from the membership of the Nepal Communist Party by the splinter faction led by Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' on Sunday for alleged anti-party activities, further intensifying the infighting within the ruling party. The decision was taken at the standing committee meeting of the faction led by former PMs Prachanda and Madhav Kumar Nepal after Oli failed to give explanation regarding his recent P9 moves, a party leader said. Kumbh precautions: Devotees will have to produce a Covid-19 negative report to participate in the Kumbh Mela at Haridwar this year. The Union ministry of health and family welfare has issued Standard Operating Procedures for Kumbh and under it visitors with a negative Covid-19 report, done within 72 hours prior to the date of visit, shall only be allowed to enter the Kumbh Mela area. The Kumbh Mela will P5 start in February and conclude in April. THE OTHER REPUBLIC DAY PARADE NEW DELHI, 24 JANUARY Delhi Police on Sunday claimed that over 300 Twitter handles have been generated from Pakistan to disrupt the tractor rally proposed by protesting farmers on Republic Day. Detailing the plan for the tractor parade, Deependra Pathak, Special Commissioner of Police (Intelligence) said the rally on Tuesday will be conducted amid tight security after the Republic Day celebrations conclude. “Over 300 twitter handles have been generated from Pakistan during January 13 to 18 to disrupt the tractor rally by farmers only by misleading people. There are inputs about the same from different agencies too. It will be a challenging task for us but the rally will be conducted amidst tight security after the Republic Day parade is over,” Pathak said at a press conference. Since November last year, farmers, mostly from Punjab and Haryana, have been protesting against the Centre's three new agriculture laws at several Delhi border points, including Singhu, Tikri and Ghazipur, demanding that the legislations be repealed. Pathak said, “As the farmers wanted to do a tractor rally on January 26, we have come to a conclusion that the rally will be conducted after the timing of the Republic Day celebration ends. We have given them around 170 kilometres of distance in three routes.” Barricades and other security arrangements will be removed and The farmers’ tractor rally will start after the the official Republic Day parade concludes at Rajpath, and culminate at around 6 p.m. Delhi police and the farmer unions have agreed on three routes, with components of the rally starting from the Singhu, Tikri and Ghazipur border points and covering a cumulative distance of 170 kilometres. According to farmer leaders, around one lakh tractor-trolleys from across the country will participate in the parade. There will be tableaux on different themes, including the history of the farmers' movement in India, the role of women farmers, the ongoing protest against the farm laws as well as the issue of farmer suicides the farmers will enter the national capital. Later, they will return to their starting points after covering a “respectable” distance, the officer said. “For the Delhi Police, it will be a challenging task. We have spoken to Haryana and Uttar Pradesh Police officers about how it will be conducted in a convenient way. The rally will be started after the time period of the Republic Day celebration has ended, he said. We will have the tractor rally on January 26 and there will be no disturbance of the Republic Day celebration and security arrangements, Pathak said. The expected number of tractors should be distributed in a way that the rally will be concluded in a peaceful and discipline way, police said, adding that adequate security will be provided to the rally. NEW DELHI, 24 JANUARY India and China today held the ninth round of senior commanders' talks in a fresh bid to resolve the military standoff at eastern Ladakh. India is believed to have insisted on setting in motion at the earliest the process of disengagement and de-escalation of troops by the two countries to restore peace and tranquility in border areas. The talks were held at Moldo on the Chinese side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The Indian delegation was headed by Lt Gen P G K Menon, the General Officer Commanding of the Leh based 14 Corps which is in-charge of the security of Ladakh, India is believed to have insisted on setting in motion at the earliest the process of disengagement and de-escalation of troops by the two countries. sources said. The last round of talks between the military commanders was held in November last year while senior diplomats of the two countries met on 18 December under the framework of the Working Mechanism for Coordination and Consultation (WMCC) in border areas. The two sides then were said to be seriously considering the possibility of a phased mutual withdrawal of troops and equipment ranged against each other at eastern Ladakh for the last eight months. But there has been no progress on the proposal since then. So far, the two sides have agreed to ensure they do not move more troops to the frontline and that they would “refrain from unilaterally changing the situation on the ground." Chief of the Army staff, Gen M M Naravane had recently stated that the Indian Army was prepared to hold its positions for as long as it took to achieve “national objec-tives". He had also indicated some redeployment of troops and strike elements from present positions to the northern border. Delhi police claimed that over 300 Twitter handles have been generated from Pakistan during the period from January 13 to 18 to disrupt the planned tractor rally by the protesting farmers by misleading people The rally will start from Singhu border and pass through Sanjay Gandhi Transport Nagar, Kanjhawala, Bawana, Auchandi Borer, Kundli-ManesarPalwal expressway and will return to Singhu border. It will cover a stretch of around 62 kilometres,” Pathak said. He said farmers with their tractors will start from Tikri border and pass via Nangloi, Najafgarh, Jharoda, Kundli-Manesar-Palwal expressway and will head back to Tikri border. The rally from Ghazipur border will pass through Apsara Border, Hapur Road Kundli-Manesar-Palwal expressway and concluded at Ghazipur. Those farmers group will cover 46 kilometres, Pathak said. The routes will cover over 100 kilometres in the national capital, police said. The Sanyukt Kisan Morcha assured that they will Border stand-off: India, China hold 9th round of Corps commander level talks STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE P4 300 Twitter handles generated from Pak to disrupt farmers' rally, say cops Min. 52% FA CUP HOLDER ARSENAL ELIMINATED SASIKALA MOST SOUGHT AFTER IN TAMIL NADU POLITICS go back to their respective places from where the rally started, police said. As of now, there are approximately 12,000 to 13,000 tractors at various Delhi border points ~ around 7,000 to 8,000 at Tikri, around 5,000 at Singhu and around 1,000 at Ghazipur border ~ police said, adding that their number is expected to go up further. While police tried to convince farmer leaders to hold their tractor parade outside the national capital, they were adamant on holding the proposed rally on Delhi's Outer Ring Road. Earlier, there have been three rounds of meetings between the unions and police officers from Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, but it was during the fourth round of talks over the tractor parade on Friday where both sides reached an agreement. P12 Over 16 lakh beneficiaries vaccinated: Health ministry SNS & PTI NEW DELHI/KOLKATA, 24 JANUARY Over 16 lakh healthcare workers across the country have received their first Covid-19 vaccine jabs till the evening of the ninth day of the nationwide immunisation drive, the Union health ministry said on Sunday. The country, meanwhile, added 14,849 fresh Covid-19 cases, and saw 15,948 recoveries, and 155 fatalities in the past 24 hours. A net decline of 1,254 cases was recorded in the total active cases over the last 24 hours, with the figure of active cases now standing at 1,84,408. Most of the new cases are concentrated in six states ~ Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and West Bengal. The ministry said that 31,466 beneficiaries were vaccinated on Sunday till 1,06,54,533 1,84,408 14,849 15,948 1,53,339 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 8.00 A.M. SUNDAY 24 JANUARY 2021 7:30 pm in five states ~Haryana (907), Karnataka (2,472), Punjab (1,007), Rajasthan (24,586) and Tamil Nadu (2,494). “The cumulative number of healthcare PRESS TRUST OF INDIA SRINAGAR, 24 JANUARY Amid a debate over privacy offered by messaging platforms like WhatsApp, terrorist groups and their handlers from Pakistan are switching to new applications which include one developed by a Turkish company, officials here said. The three new applications came to light from evidence collected following encounters with terrorists or those who surrendered before the Army gave details about their mode of radicalisation by Pakistan-based terrorist groups, they said. The names of the messaging apps have been withheld for security reasons. While one of the applications is owned by a company based in the United States, the second is from Europe. The latest is an application developed by a Turkish company that has been frequently used by terrorist group handlers and STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE JAMMU, 24 JANUARY Two persons were on Sunday found frozen to death in a vehicle that was stranded since Saturday near Banihal on the Jammu-Srinagar highway due to heavy snowfall. The driver and another occupant of the vehicle are believed to have died in the vehicle that was caught in snow on Saturday. The two, belonging to Kralpora in Kupwara of north Kashmir, have been identified as Majid Gulzar Mir and Shabir Ahmad Mir. Reports said that they died while waiting for stranded vehicular traffic to clear on the highway. Another report said they NEW YORK, 24 JANUARY Over a thousand large dams in India will be roughly 50 years old in 2025 and such aging structures across the world pose a growing threat, according to a UN report which notes that by 2050, most people on Earth will live downstream of tens of thousands of dams built in the 20th century. The report, ‘Ageing water infrastructure: An emerging global risk’ compiled by United Nations University's Canadian-based Institute for Water, Environment and Health, says most of the 58,700 large dams worldwide were constructed between 1930 and 1970 with a design life of 50 to 100 years. It said at 50 years, a large concrete dam “would most probably begin to express signs of ageing.” Ageing signs include increasing cases of dam failures, progressively increasing costs of dam repair and maintenance, increasing reservoir sedimentation, and loss of a dam's functionality and effectiveness, “strongly interconnected” manifestations, the report said. “By 2050, most people on Earth will live downstream of tens of thousands of large dams built in the 20th century, many of them already operating at or beyond their design life,” according to the UN University analysis. The analysis includes dam decommissioning or ageing case studies from the USA, France, Canada, India, Japan, Zambia and Zimbabwe. According to the report, the world is unlikely to witness another large dam-building revolution as in the mid-20th century, but dams constructed then will inevitably be showing their age. The report said that 32,716 large dams (55 per cent of the world's total) are found in just four Asian countries: China, India, Japan and South Korea ~ most of which will reach the 50-year threshold soon. The same is true of many large dams in Africa, South America, and Eastern Europe, it said. In India, there are over 1,115 large dams that will be roughly 50 years old in 2025, more than 4,250 large dams in the country will be over 50 years old in 2050 and 64 large dams will be more than 150 years old in 2050, it said. The report said that approximately 3.5 million people are at risk if India's Mullaperiyar dam in Kerala, built over 100 years ago, “were to fail”. “The dam, in a seismically active area, shows significant structural flaws and its management is a contentious issue between Kerala and Tamil Nadu states.” The report added that dams that are well designed, constructed and maintained can “easily” reach 100 years of service but predicts an increase in “decommissioning” ~ a phenomenon gaining pace in the USA and Europe ~ as economic and practical limitations prevent ageing dams from being upgraded or if their original use is now obsolete. CMYK their prospective recruits in the Kashmir valley. The new applications have the ability to work with the slowest internet connections where Enhanced Data for Global Evolution (EDGE), used in the late 2000s, or 2G is in operation. Terror groups had virtually stopped using WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger. With the new applications, all encryption and decryption happen directly on the devices, therefore reducing third party intervention at any point. Efforts are on to block such applications in Jammu and Kashmir, officials said. 11 trapped miners rescued from Chinese gold mine after two-week ordeal BEIJING, 24 JANUARY Snow being cleared from a road in Kashmir on Sunday. SNS might have died due to suffocation caused by the heater of the vehicle which they had turned on to escape the extreme cold. The highway continued to remain shut for traffic today due to accumulation of snow on both sides of Jawahar Tunnel and stones falling from the hills at Magarkote. Only the stranded vehicles will be allowed to proceed to their destination if the road reopened on Monday, said traffic police. Ageing dams in India, other nations pose growing risk: UN report PRESS TRUST OF INDIA Bengal cases:West Bengal today registered 389 fresh Covid-19 cases and 8 Covidlinked deaths.The state’s total Covid case count stands at 5,68,103 with the death toll at 10,115, while there are 6,323 active cases. Kolkata saw 93 new cases and 2 deaths and North 24-Parganas recorded 130 fresh cases and 3 deaths. Pakistan-backed terror groups switch to new messaging apps Two found frozen to death on snow-bound Srinagar highway Tensions between the two countries began in April-May last year when New Delhi detected incursions by Chinese troops in Ladakh along with a massive deployment of Chinese military personnel. India too quickly moved in its troops to counter further incursions. Previous rounds of military talks have failed to yield any consensus on the pull back of troops, with both sides having some 50,000 personnel each along the LAC. Relations between the two countries plummeted to a new low following a violent clash between their troops at the Galwan valley on 15 June, resulting in the death of 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of casualties on the Chinese side. workers vaccinated against Covid-19 has crossed 16 lakh (16,13,667) till 7.30 pm today, ” the ministry said. The inoculation drive was launched on January 16 with over three crore healthcare and frontline workers prioritised to get the jabs initially. “India took only 6 days to roll out 1 million vaccine doses. This count is higher for countries like the USA and the UK. The UK took 18 days whereas the USA took 10 days to reach the 1 million mark,” the health ministry noted. In the US, the average age of 90,580 dams is 56 years. More than 85 per cent of US dams in 2020 were operating at or beyond their life expectancy and 75 per cent of US dam failures occurred after 50 years of age. The estimated cost to refurbish US dams is about USD 64 billion. Nearly 1,275 dams were removed in 21 US states in the last 30 years; 80 removed in 2017 alone, it said. Worldwide, the huge volume of water stored behind large dams is estimated at 7,000 to 8,300 cubic kilometres - enough to cover about 80 per cent of Canada's landmass under a meter of water. The report's co-author Vladimir Smakhtin, director of UNU-INWEH, said the report aims to attract global attention to the creeping issue of ageing water storage infrastructure and stimulate international efforts to deal with this emerging, rising water risk. “Underlined is the fact that the rising frequency and severity of flooding and other extreme environmental events can overwhelm a dam's design limits and accelerate a dam's ageing process. Decisions about decommissioning, therefore, need to be taken in the context of a changing climate,” Smakhtin said. Lead author and UNUINWEH senior researcher Duminda Perera said the problem of ageing large dams today confronts a relatively small number of countries 93 per cent of all the world's large dams are located in just 25 nations. Eleven workers trapped for two weeks inside a Chinese gold mine were brought safely to the surface on Sunday, a landmark achievement for an industry long-blighted by disasters and high death tolls. State broadcaster CCTV showed workers being hauled up one-by-one in baskets on Sunday afternoon, their eyes shielded to protect them after so many days in darkness. Some brought their hands together in gratitude and many appeared almost too weak to stand. They were swiftly covered in coats amid freezing temperatures and loaded into ambulances. One worker was reported to have died from a head wound following the explosion that deposited massive amounts of rubble in the shaft on Jan. 10 while the mine was still under construction. The fate of 10 others who were underground at the time is unknown. Authorities have detained mine managers for delaying reporting the accident. The cause of the accident is under investigation but the explosion was large enough to release 70 tons of debris that blocked the shaft, disabling elevators and trapping workers underground. Rescuers drilled parallel shafts to send down food and nutrients and eventually bring up the survivors, 10 of whom had been in a lower chamber and one in a separate area slightly closer to the surface. The China Daily newspaper said on its website that seven of the workers were able to walk to ambulances on their own. AP Details on Page 9
The Statesman is one of India's oldest English newspapers. It was founded in Kolkata in 1875 and is directly descended from The Friend of India (founded 1818). The Englishman (founded 1821) was merged with The Statesman in 1934. The Delhi edition of The Statesman began publication in 1931. The Statesman Weekly is a compendium of news and views from the Kolkata and Delhi editions. Printed on airmail paper, it is popular with readers outside India. The Statesman (average weekday circulation approximately 180,000) is a leading English newspaper in West Bengal. The Sunday Statesman has a circulation of 230,000.