CMYK TUESDAY www.thestatesman.com 03 MAY 2022 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 |` 5.00|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR TRUMP’S BID TO SHAPE GOP FACES TEST WITH VOTERS IN MAY RACE HSVP WILL EARN RS 11K CR BY DEVELOPING 3,000 ACRES OF LAND P10 WEATHER Possibility of rain or thundershowers with gusty wind very likely.Temperature likely to be around 32°C and 27°C. RAINFALL: 17.3 mm RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max.86% TEMPERATURE THUMBNAILS People from the Muslim community buy belongings from a market ahead of the Eid-ulFitr festival,in the capital on Monday. SNS President, Vice-President greet people on the P eve of Eid-ul-Fitr: President Ram Nath Kovind u F and Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu today greeted people on the eve of Eid-ul-Fitr. In his message, the President said, “On the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr, I extend my best wishes and greetings to all the fellow citizens, especially our Muslim brothers and sisters.” He said “during the holy month of Ramadan, devotees observe Roza and offer special prayers. Eid-ulFitr is celebrated as the month of Ramadan SNS ends.". Two CRPF men injured in IED blast: Two CRPF personnel were injured on Monday in an IED attack by terrorists in Larmoo area of south Kashmir's Anantnag district. Giving details of the incident, IGP Kashmir Vijay Kumar said that the IED blast occured while a joint team of Police and CRPF were conducting area domination in two bulletproof bankers. Two CRPF personnel got minor injuries. Security forces team is retaliating and reinforcement has been sent SNS alongwith senior officers. Believe it or not, at a very, very conservative estimate, up to $50 billion is being bet around each match during Indian Premier League 2022, going by cyberspace indications, says Atul Kumar, prolific writer on cricket corruption inclusive of rigged matches. Kumar told The Statesman here today that colossal amounts of money being spent on IPL wagers could no longer be deemed a secret. "Betting websites, big or small, are mushrooming, if there's some eventual inaccurate tipping, there're tipsters who've come up with amazingly correct predictions and anyone looking for money for jam - or a five-star repast - can get into this from anywhere," Kumar, who has authored several books on cricket's seamier side, said. An award-winning investigative journalist, he has so far not been able to compel cricket authorities' attention to his argument that most institutionally organised international games are contrived but insists that the International Cricket Council and the Board of Control for Cricket in India should make it worth their while to find out what is going on, assuming, of course, that they have been in the dark. Kumar says that the total amount of money pumped in by way of betting in varied situations is so transparently huge that $50 billion for each IPL match is easily a conservative, rather than exaggerated, projection which is quite verifiable. No one will be victorious in Russia-Ukraine war: Modi Modi, German Chancellor sign green and sustainable energy partnership rime Minister Narendra Modi and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on Monday signed the green and sustainable energy partnership at the Federal Chancellery in Berlin. This was signed after the sixth Inter-Governmental Consultations, a unique biennial format which India conducts only with Germany. IGC is a unique mechanism which brings together several ministers and officials from both sides to engage in bilateral discussions culminating in a plenary session which is chaired by the two leaders. It reviews cooperation between the two countries across a range of areas as also to identify fresh areas of partnership. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said that the IGA will encompass a broad spectrum of areas of mutual interest. The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) said the InterGovernmental Consultation between India and Germany illustrates the special nature of this friendship. "Prime Minister @narendramodi, Chancellor Scholz and top Ministers from India and Germany meet in Berlin," PMO said in a tweet. Earlier today, PM Modi held a bilateral meeting with Chancellor Scholz. This was their first engagement since Chancellor Scholz assumed office in December 2021. Discussions covered key areas of bilateral cooperation under the overall strate- P Prime Minister Narendra Modi being received by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz in a ceremonial welcome at the Federal Chancellery, in Berlin on Monday. AGENCIES gic partnership, as well as regional and global developments. The Prime Minister was accorded a ceremonial guard of honour on his arrival in Germany. Modi, who arrived in Germany on the first leg of his three-day Europe visit, got a rousing welcome from the Indian diaspora in Berlin. The Prime Minister greeted members of the Indian community, who were awaiting his arrival at Hotel Adlon Kempinski in Berlin. Many children along with their parents were present at the hotel, waving their hands at the Prime Minister's arrival. The people chanted "Vande Mataram" and "Bharat Mata ki Jai" on seeing the Prime Minister. Before departing for the Federal Chancellery in Berlin, PM Modi was again greeted by the Indian diaspora. DHONI EXPLAINS REASONS FOR CSK LOSSES P5 NEW DELHI, 2 MAY Max: 32°C Min: 26°C (1) SUN RISES SUN SETS 05:03 hrs 18:03 hrs MOON SETS MOON SETS 06:33 hrs 20:22 hrs Full moon on 16 May PULAKESH MUKHOPADHYAY KOLKATA, 2 MAY P8 SNS & AGENCIES Min. 79% ‘Betting around big show is booming’ MEHUL CHOKSI UNDER CBI SCANNER The PM was deeply moved by a young Indianorigin boy as he sang a patriotic song on his arrival in Berlin. He also interacted with a little girl, Manya, who presented him with a portrait of his picture. He took a picture with Manya who called him her icon and also signed the portrait for her. Earlier this morning, the Prime Minister arrived at Berlin-Brandenburg airport in Germany on the first leg of his visit to three European nations. Upon his arrival, PM Modi expressed confidence that the visit would boost the friendship between India and Germany. "Landed in Berlin. Today, I will be holding talks with Chancellor @OlafScholz, interacting with business leaders and addressing a community programme. I am confident this visit will boost the friendship between India and Ger- many," he tweeted. PM Modi's three-nation visit will have a substantial and comprehensive agenda during his bilateral and multilateral meetings. PM Modi is also scheduled to visit Denmark on Tuesday to hold talks with leaders from Nordic countries, along with other high-level interactions, the visit will conclude with a stopover in Paris on Wednesday where the Prime Minister will meet the newly re-elected French President Emmanuel Macron. On Sunday, newly appointed Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra said that Pm Modi will “exchange perspectives” on the “Ukraine issue” and strengthen bilateral partnerships during his threeday, three-nation visit to Europe. PM Modi’s foreign visit includes about two dozen engagements across approximately 65 hours, official sources said. P12 Nobody can be forced to undergo Covid vaccination: Supreme Court SNS & AGENCIES NEW DELHI, 2 MAY The Supreme Court in its judgement on Monday said that no one in the country could be forced to get vaccinated, and rejected the petition challenging the mandatory COVID19 vaccine mandates as unconstitutional. "Considering bodily autonomy, bodily integrity is protected under article 21 of the Indian Constitution, no one can be forced to get vaccinated, but the government can regulate in areas of bodily autonomy," the division bench of the Supreme Court, led by Justice L Nageswara Rao said, in his verdict.The Supreme court added that the current vaccine policy in India could not be said to be unreasonable and manifested arbitrarily. "In no way, it can be said that the current vaccine policy in India could be unrea- sonable and manifested arbitrarily," the two-judge bench of the Supreme Court today in its judgement.The Top Court passed the verdict after hearing a petition filed by former member of the National Technical Advisory Group, Dr Jacob Puliyel, who sought the disclosure of clinical trial data of Covid vaccines and a declaration that mandatory vaccination was unconstitutional. The Apex Court said that with regard to the segregation of vaccine trial data, subject to privacy of individuals, all trials conducted and to be subsequently conducted, all data must be made available to the public without further delay. India reports 3,157 new cases: India on Monday reported 3,157 new Covid19 cases, a decline from the 3,324 infections registered the previous day, the Union Health Ministry said, FACT FILE TOTAL CASES 4,30,29,044 ACTIVE CASES 12,597 NEW CASES 913 NEW RECOVERIES 37,901 TOTAL DEATHS 5,12,109 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 10.00 P.M. TUESDAY 01 SEPTEMBER 2020 West Bengal registered 27 fresh Covid cases and no deaths in the last 24 hours. adding that the country's daily positivity rate has crossed the 1 percent mark. According to the Ministry, the daily positivity rate as of Monday morning stood at 1.07 per cent. Now a day to celebrate Ma Mati Manush STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE KOLKATA, 2 MAY Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee declared 2 May as ‘Ma Mati Manush’ Divas as it was on this day last year when the results of the West Bengal Assembly election were declared wherein the Trinamul Congress had won a landslide victory for the third consecutive term in West Bengal. On the occasion of the first anniversary of Trinamul Congress’s third term, the party supremo Mamata Banerjee took to Twitter to thank people for showing an “indomitable courage” and hinted at fighting against the BJP in a united manner. Miss Banerjee wrote: "I am ever grateful to our Ma- Mati-Manush for having shown to the high and mighty, last year on this day, the indomitable courage of Bengal." She wrote that Bengal's people showed the world that there is no bigger power than the power of people in a democracy. “Our people showed to the world that there is no bigger power than the power of people in a democracy. Our commitment to true nation building should continue, for there are many more battles to be fought together & won together,” she added. "I dedicate this day to Ma-Mati-Manush and urge that this day be henceforth called Ma -Mati- Manush Divas. Jai Hind, Jai Bangla," Miss Banerjee further wrote. PK hints at launching party from Bihar Centre writes to states, UTs about plan on heat-related illness STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE SNS & AGENCIES PATNA, 2 MAY Even as poll strategist Prashant Kishor today hinted at launching his own party from Bihar, the general masses have taken his Twitter announcement with a pinch of salt for lack of consistency in his stand, devoting little or just no time to his home state and talking to the people only through social media, rather than interacting with them face to face. At the same, he joined the ruling Janata Dal United (JD-U) of chief minister Nitish Kumar twice in the past four years and on both these occasions, he had to face ignominious ouster for speaking against the party line. “My quest to be a meaningful participant in democracy & help shape pro-peo- ple policy led to a 10yr rollercoaster ride! As I turn the page, time to go to the Real Masters, THE PEOPLE, to better understand the issues & the path to “Jna Suraj”Peoples Good Governance. Shuruat “Bihar se (starting from Bihar),” Kishor tweeted today. The cryptic tweet instantly set off a debate in the political circles with some welcoming his move and others taking potshots at him for talking big on social media platforms. DGCA orders probe after Spicejet enters air turbulence STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE DURGAPUR, 2 MAY The Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has ordered a regulatory investigation about the major air turbulence that hit a Spicejet aircraft while descent during landing at Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport in Andal yesterday evening, leaving 14 passengers and three cabin crew members injured. “We are deputing multidisciplinary teams for regulatory investigations, while the medical reports of the injuries of the passengers have also been sought,” according to aviation regulator DGCA.It is still not clear whether the Air Traffic Controller (ATC) at Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport had informed the pilot about the approach- ing nor’wester in the area. Spicejet Boeing B737 aircraft was coming from Mumbai and was scheduled to land at KNI Airport in Andal in the evening, but the aircraft met with air turbulence due to massive nor'wester winds during landing, resulting in injuries as overhead luggage racks flung open. Many passengers have received several head and body injuries while one passenger suffered a hand fracture. Immediately, the victims were rushed to a nearby nursing home in Andal. Most of the passengers were released after first-aid. A passenger of the flight also posted a terrifying video of the chaotic situation inside the aircraft after landing on social media, which went viral today. Strangely, Kishor’s actions don't match with his announcement and this has put a big question mark over his next move. In February 2020—shortly after being expelled from the JD-U— Kishor, while addressing a Press conference, in Patna had announced to launch the “Baat Bihar Ki” campaign, claiming he would work towards making Bihar “one of the 10 best states in the country”. Strangely, he was never seen in Bihar in the past two years as he remained either busy with chalking out poll strategy for Trinamool Congress in West Bengal or other opposition parties in the country. Even his own office at Patna’s Exhibition Road locality had to be shut as he remained out of the state. NEW DELHI, 2 MAY Amid rising heat wave and temperature touching 46 degrees Celsius at several places, the Union Government has written a letter to all states and UTs about the National Action Plan on heatrelated illnesses. Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan in the letter has asked allstates and UTs to disseminate the guideline document National Action Plan on heat-related illnesses to all districts for effective managementof cases of heat wave. "From March 1, daily surveillances on heat related illnesses has beeninitiated under Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) inall states and districts. Please ensure that these daily surveillance reports areshared with NCDC. The daily heat alerts which are being shared by IMDas well as NCDC with States indicate forecast of heat wave for next 3-4days and may be disseminated promptly at district health facility level," Bhushan said in the letter yesterday. The letter reads further that the Health Department of the State must continue efforts on sensitisation and capacity building of medical officers, health staff, grass-root level workers on heat illness, and early recognition and management. "Health Facility preparedness must be reviewed for availability of adequate quantities of essential medicines, I.V. fluids, ice packs, ORS and all necessaryequipment. Availability of sufficient drink- ing water at all Health Facilities andcontinued functioning of cooling appliances in critical areas must be ensured," the letter said. The Centre has also asked states to utilise Information, Education andCommunication (IEC) as well as Community Level Awareness materialsregarding the precautions to be taken by the population to safeguard themselves against heat wave. The Centre has also issued a Public Health Advisory incorporating Do's and Don'ts, prepared by NCDC for being used as a template and customised to suit the local needs as well as translated in local languages for wider dissemination by the states. Meanwhile, IMD issued a yellow warning for Northwest India due to a Western Disturbance. Scientists find drug molecule to treat diabetes STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE SHIMLA, 2 MAY The researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Mandi have identified a drug molecule that can be used to treat diabetes. This molecule, called PK2, is able to trigger the release of insulin by the pancreas and can potentially be used as an orally administered medicine for diabetes. The findings of the research have been published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry which has been authored by Dr Prosenjit Mondal, Prof Subrata Ghosh of IIT Mandi along with Dr Sunil Kumar, ICAR- IASRI, PUSA, New Delhi, Dr Budheswar Dehury, ICMR RMRC, Bhubaneswar and Dr Durgesh Kumar Dwivedi (Regional Ayurvedic Research Institute (RARI) Gwalior). Explaining the rationale for their research, Dr Prosenjit Mondal said current drugs such as exenatide and liraglutide used for diabetes, are administered as injections and they are costly and unstable after administration. "We seek to find simpler drugs that are stable, cheap, and effective against both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is associated with insufficient insulin release by CMYK the beta cells of the pancreas in response to blood glucose levels. The release of insulin entails many intricate biochemical processes. One such process involves protein structures called GLP1R present in the cells. A hormonal molecule called GLP1, released after the ingestion of a meal, binds to the GLP1R and triggers the release of insulin. Drugs such as exenatide and liraglutide mimic GLP1 and bind to GLP1R to trigger insulin release," he added. To find alternatives to these drugs, the multi-institutional team first used computer simulation methods to screen various small molecules that can bind with GLP1R. While PK2, PK3, and PK4 had good binding abilities with GLP1R, they subsequently chose PK2 because of its better solubility in solvents. The researchers then synthesized PK2 in the lab for further testing. The scientists first tested the binding of PK2 on GLP1R proteins in human cells and found that it is able to bind well toGLP1R proteins. This showed that PK2 can potentially trigger insulin release by the beta cells. The researchers found that PK2 was rapidly absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, which means that it can be used as an oral medication rather than an injection. Furthermore, after two hours of administration, PK2 was found distributed in the liver, kidney, and pancreas of the mice, but there were no traces of it in the heart, lungs, and spleen. There was a small amount present in the brain, which shows that the molecule may be able to cross the blood-brain barrier. It was cleared from circulation in about 10 hours. Beyond increasing insulin release, PK2 was also able to prevent and even reverse beta cell loss, a cell essential for insulin production, making it effective for both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.In order to test the biological effects of PK2, the researchers administered it orally to experimental mice developing diabetes and measured glucose levels and insulin secretion.
The Statesman is one of India's oldest English newspapers. It was founded in Kolkata in 1875 and is directly descended from The Friend of India (founded 1818). The Englishman (founded 1821) was merged with The Statesman in 1934. The Delhi edition of The Statesman began publication in 1931. The Statesman Weekly is a compendium of news and views from the Kolkata and Delhi editions. Printed on airmail paper, it is popular with readers outside India. The Statesman (average weekday circulation approximately 180,000) is a leading English newspaper in West Bengal. The Sunday Statesman has a circulation of 230,000.