TUESDAY www.thestatesman.com 08 NOVEMBER 2022 FIND US ONLINE Scan this with your smartphone twitter.com/TheStatesmanLtd facebook.com/thestatesman1875 Pages 12 |` 5.00|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR P8 WEATHER GENERALLY CLEAR SKY. THE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WOULD BE AROUND 30 AND 21 DEGREES CELSIUS RESPECTIVELY. RAINFALL: NIL RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max: 74% Min: 59% Min: 21°C SUN SETS 16:55 hrs MOON SETS 05:17 hrs P10 SC upholds 10 pc quota for EWS P12 PM Modi to unveil logo, theme & website of India’s G20 Presidency AGENCIES NEW DELHI, 7 NOVEMBER he Supreme Court in a majority judgment on Monday upheld the validity of the Constitution's 103rd Amendment Act 2019, which provides for 10 per cent EWS reservation amongst the general category in admissions and jobs. A five-judge Constitution bench in a 3:2 majority verdict has held that the provisions of the Amendment does not violate essential features of the Constitution. Chief Justice of India UU Lalit and S Ravindra Bhat dissented from the majority verdict and struck down the 103rd Amendment Act. "I have concurred with the view taken by Justice Bhat. The decision stands at 3:2," said CJI Lalit while pronouncing his verdict in the last. Majority bench - Justices Dinesh Maheshwari, Bela Trivedi and JB Pardiwala upheld the EWS Amendment saying EWS quota does not violate the basic structure of the Constitution. Justice Maheshwari, while reading out the judgement said, "The EWS amendment does not vio- I have concurred with the view taken by Justice Bhat. The decision stands at 3:2”, said CJI Lalit while pronouncing his verdict in the last. T THUMBNAILS India deported 821 foreigners in 2021: A total of 821 foreigners were deported by the Foreigners Regional Registration Officers (FRROs) in the year 2021, reads the Ministry of Home Affairs annual report. The MHA Annual Report 2021-22 was released on Monday. The report reads that most of the deported foreigners belonged to Nigeria (339), followed by Bangladesh (246) and Afghanistan (105). A total of 15,24,469 foreigners visited India from January 1, 2021, to December 31, 2021. The maximum number of foreigners who visited India during this period were from the United States of America (4,29,860) followed by those from Bangladesh (2,40,554), the United Kingdom (1,64,143), Canada, Nepal, Afghanistan , Australia , Germany , Portugal and France. These 10 countries accounted for 74.39 per cent of the total arrival of foreigners from January to December 2021 while the rest of the countries accounted for 25.61 per cent of the total incoming traffic of foreigners. Morbi bridge collapse: Guj HC seeks report from govt P9 The judgment was pronounced by a five-judge bench headed by CJI TEMPERATURE Max: 30°C SUN RISES 05:44 hrs MOON RISES 16:52 hrs COOPERATE OR SURYA REAPING PERISH: UN CHIEF REWARDS TELLS CLIMATE SUMMIT ‘MISSILE TESTS WERE PRACTICE TO ATTACK SOUTH, US’ FM LAUDS STATE-OWNED BANKS FOR RECORDING PROFITS STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 07 NOVEMBER late the equality code or the essential features of the Constitution." He said reservation is an instrument of affirmative action so as to ensure an all-inclusive march towards the goals of an egalitarian society. Justice Bela M Trivedi said her judgment is in concurrence with Justice Maheshwari and that the EWS quota in the general category is valid and constitutional. She said, "The amendment as a separate class is a reasonable classification. Legislature understands the needs of people and it is aware of the economic exclusion of people from the reservation." Justice JB Pardiwala in his separate but concurring judgement with Justices Maheshwari and Trivedi upheld the Act and said that reservation should not continue for an indefinite time. He said. "The ones who have moved ahead should be removed from backward classes so that ones in need can be helped. The ways to determine backward classes need a relook so that ways are relevant in today's time. Reservation should not continue for an indefinite time so that it becomes a vested interest." Justice Bhat in his dissent verdict struck down the 103rd Amendment saying that while reservation on an economic basis is permissible, excluding SC/STs and Other Backward Classes from EWS cannot be permitted and amounts to discrimination against them. The Constitution bench verdict came on a batch of petitions, filed by NGOs Janhit Abhiyan and Youth for Equality, among others, challenging the Amendment on the ground that economic classification cannot be the sole basis for reservation. During the hearing, lawyers appearing for petitioners submitted that the 103rd Amendment granted reservation to upper castes and this was a violation of the basic structure of the Indian Constitution. It was contended by the lawyers of the petitioners that the quota on the economic ground alone is impermissible. The petitions were filed in the top court in 2019, challenging the validity of the Constitution's 103rd Amendment Act 2019. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will unveil the logo, theme, and website of India’s G20 Presidency tomorrow via video conferencing. Guided by the vision of the PM, the foreign policy of India has been evolving to undertake leadership roles on the global stage. In a significant step in this direction, India will assume G20 Presidency from 1 December 2022. The G20 Presidency offers a unique opportunity to India to contribute to the global agenda on pressing issues of international importance. The logo, theme, and website of the G20 Presidency would reflect India’s message and overarching priorities to the world. G20 is the premier forum for international economic cooperation representing around 85 per cent of the global GDP , The G20, or Group of Twenty, is an intergovernmental forum of the world’s major developed and developing economies. It comprises 19 countries which are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the UK, and the US and the European Union (EU). over 75 per cent of the global trade, and about two-thirds of the world population. During the course of its G20 Presidency, India will be holding about 200 meetings in 32 different sectors in multiple locations across India. The G20 Summit to be held next year would be one of the highest-profile international gatherings to be hosted by India. The G20, or Group of Twenty, is an intergovernmental forum of the world’s major developed and developing economies. It comprises 19 countries— Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indone- There will be continuity in reforms ushered by Chief Justice Lalit: Justice Chandrachud Mining lease row: Big relief for J’khand CM, SC sets aside HC order AGENCIES NEW DELHI, 7 NOVEMBER AHMEDABAD, 7 NOVEMBER NEW DELHI, 7 NOVEMBER The Gujarat High Court on Monday took suo motu cognizance of the Morbi bridge collapse and asked the state government to file a report within a week. The high court bench comprising Chief Justice Arvind Kumar and Justice A.J. Shastri initiated the suo motu Public Interest Litigation (PIL). The court instructed the government to file an action taken report on or before November 14, when the matter comes up for further hearing. The first division bench observed, "...the incident in which hundreds of citizens have died untimely and their death was disheartening." The court said, "Mr. Advocate General, as hundred persons have met untimely death, so we have taken suo motu cognizance of it. We want to know what action the state government has taken so far." The court also said that the Chief Secretary of Gujarat, Urban Development Department, the State Home Department, Morbi Municipality and the State Human Rights Commission be impleaded as parties in the case. It has sought a separate report from the State Human Rights Commission. The Chief Justice had directed the High Court Registrar General to initiate suo motu on October 31 itself after reading news reports about the tragic incident. Due to Diwali vacation, the court did not hear the case on the same day. On October 30, a 141-yearold suspension bridge over the Machhu river collapsed in Gujarat's Morbi town resulting in the death of over 135 people. So far, the police have arrested nine persons, including two managers of clock-making firm AGENCIES Oreva. Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, the CJI-designate, on Monday said there will be a continuity in the reforms ushered in by Chief Justice of India U.U. Lalit, during his 74-day tenure. Chief Justice Lalit will demit office on Tuesday. Justice Chandrachud said: "Your tenure as Chief Justice saw a large number of judicial reforms... and I would like to assure you that there would be a sense of continuity in the reforms which you have adopted in this court. I have known the Chief Justice for long years, though I opposed him on only one matter. I have known him very personally before that." He added that one was always struck by Chief Justice Lalit's sobriety and his balance, his nuanced understanding of not only the law but also of Indian social life. "I believe that added to the stability of the court. His presence has been a great source of stability," said Justice Chan- successful tenure as a lawyer and an equally successful tenure as a judge will be remembered for long. drachud, who was on a ceremonial bench headed by Chief Justice Lalit and also comprising Justice Bela M. Trivedi. Justice Chandrachud will take oath as the next Chief Justice of India on November 9. Chief Justice Lalit said he has spent something like 37 years of his life in the apex court and recalled mentioning his first matter before then Chief Justice of IndiaY.V. Chandrachud, father of Justice Chandrachud. "My journey began from this court and it ends in this court," he said. He added that he had seen two Constitution benches working together, "but here I saw three of such benches functioning". Senior advocate and Supreme Court Bar Association President Vikas Singh said the Chief Justice loves to travel and also likes cricket and he hopes India wins the semi-finals and reaches the final of the T20 Cricket World Cup, and Chief Justice Lalit travels to Australia. Solicitor General Tushar Mehta said Chief Justice Lalit's CJI Lalit says he is leaving with a sense of accomplishment:The outgoing Chief Justice of India UU Lalit on Monday said that he is leaving with a sense of accomplishment. CJI Lalit in the ceremonial bench, proceedings of which were live-streamed, sat with Chief Justice-designate Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Bela M Trivedi. CJI Lalit, while addressing the members of bar, said, "My journey in this court began in Court 1. I came here to mention a case I was appearing in before CJI YV Chandrachud. My journey now ends here, where I am passing on the baton to Justice DY Chandrachud." He had a brief tenure of 74 days as the head of India's judiciary. He said he is leaving with a sense of accomplishment and he is accompanied by a feeling of satisfaction as he is walking out of the court for the last time. AGENCIES Relief for Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren, as the Supreme Court on Monday set aside the Jharkhand High Court, which had upheld the maintainability of a PILs seeking probe against Soren in a mining lease case. On August 17, the Supreme Court had stayed the proceedings before the Jharkhand High Court on PILs filed against Chief Minister Hemant Soren alleging money laundering shell companies and irregularities while granting mining leases, and also reserved its verdict on pleas filed by the state government and Soren challenging maintainability of PILs before high court. A bench headed by Justice U.U. Lalit and comprising Justices Ravindra Bhat and Sud- hanshu Dhulia said: "Order reserved...since the court is seized of the matter, the high court shall not proceed further with writ petitions..." The state government and the CM moved the top court against the high court order, which accepted the maintainability of PILs seeking probe against Soren. Today, Justice Dhulia allowed the appeals filed by the state government and Soren against the high court order. During the hearing, Senior advocate Kapil Sibal, representing the Jharkhand government, questioned the maintainability of the PILs, saying that the petitioner did not file an FIR, instead approached the high court in the matter. Also, the PIL was not in consonance with the Jharkhand High Court PIL rules. Sibal argued that the high court decided on the maintainability even before all documents were before it. Meta prepares for large-scale layoffs this week AGENCIES CALIFORNIA, 7 NOVEMBER Facebook parent Meta is preparing for large-scale layoffs this week which is expected to affect many thousands of its workforce. In a recent spate of tech job cuts after the industry's rapid growth during the pandemic, Meta Platforms Inc is planning to begin large-scale layoffs this week, according to people familiar with the matter, reported The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). The layoffs are expected to affect many thousands of employees and an announcement is planned to come as soon as Wednesday, according to the people familiar with the matter. Meta reported having more than 87,000 employees at the end of September. Company officials already told employees to cancel non-essential travel beginning this week, the people said. The planned layoffs would be the first broad head-count reductions to occur in the company's 18-year history. The number of Meta employees expected to lose their jobs could be the largest to date at a major technology corporation in a year that has seen a tech-industry retrenchment, reported WSJ. The Wall Street Journal reported in September that Meta was planning to cut expenses by at least 10 per cent in the coming months, in part through staff reductions. The cuts are expected to be announced this week following several months of more targeted staffing reductions in which employees were managed out or saw their roles eliminated. "Realistically, there are probably a bunch of people at the company who shouldn't be here," Mark Zuckerberg told employees at a companywide meeting at the end of June. Meta, like other tech giants, went on a hiring spree during the pandemic as life and business shifted more online. It added more than 27,000 employees in 2020 and 2021 combined and added a further 15,344 in the first nine months of this year--about one-fourth of that during the most recent quarter. A spokesman for Meta declined to comment, referring to Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg's recent statement that the company would "focus our investments on a small number of high-priority growth areas." "So that means some teams will grow meaningfully, but most other teams will stay flat or shrink over the next year," he said on the company's third-quarter earnings call on October 26. "In aggregate, we expect to end 2023 as either roughly the same size or even a slightly smaller organization than we are today," he added. Meta's stock has fallen more than 70 per cent this year. The company has highlighted deteriorating macroeconomic trends, but investors have also been spooked by its spending and threats to the company's core social-media business, reported WSJ. Growth for that business in many markets has stalled amid stiff competition from TikTok, and Apple Inc.'s requirement that users opt into the tracking of their devices has curtailed the ability of social media platforms to target ads. sia, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the UK, and the US—and the European Union (EU). Apart from G20 members, the summit in India will be attended by the leaders of Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore, Spain, and UAE as guest countries. During India's Presidency, India, Indonesia, and Brazil would form the G20 troika. This would be the first time when the troika would consist of three developing countries and emerging economies. FACT FILE TOTAL CASES 4,46,61,516 ACTIVE CASES 14,515 NEW CASES 930 NEW RECOVERIES 1,252 TOTAL DEATHS 5,30,509 UNION HEALTH MINISTRY FIGURES AS OF 8.00 A.M. MONDAY 07 NOVEMBER 2022 Bengal recorded 14 cases and no death India records 937 new Covid cases, 9 deaths in last 24 hours STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 7 NOVEMBER India recorded 937 new COVID-19 cases while nine people lost their lives due to the coronavirus in the last 24 hours, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said on Monday. With the addition of new deaths due to the COVID-19, the total number of fatalities due to the coronavirus now stands at 5,30,509 in the country. The total number of COVID-19 cases in the country now stands at 4,46,61,516 including 14,515 active cases. Active cases account for 0.03 per cent of the total cases. As per the Ministry's data, the recovery rate currently is at 98.78 per cent while the total recoveries now stands at 4,41,16,492. On the COVID-19 vaccination front, more than 219.73 crore of COVID-19 vaccine doses have been administered so far under the nationwide vaccination drive.
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