MONDAY 11 SEPTEMBER 2023 www.thestatesman.com twitter.com/thestatesman facebook.com/thestatesman INDIA’S NATIONAL NEWSPAPER SINCE 1818 Pages 12 |` 5.00|LC KOLKATA | NEW DELHI | SILIGURI | BHUBANESWAR WILL PUSH BACK AGAINST HATRED: TRUDEAU ON ‘KHALISTAN’ ACTIVITIES CHANDRABABU NAIDU SENT TO JUDICIAL CUSTODY FOR 14 DAYS P4 WEATHER Partly cloudy sky with rain /thundershower very likely. Maximum and minimum temperatures likely to be around 34 °C and 28 °C respectively. RAINFALL: NIL RELATIVE HUMIDITY Max. 93 % TEMPERATURE P5 PM calls for reforms in global institutions ASHOK TUTEJA Max: 34.1 °C (+2) Min: 27.6 °C (+1) SUN RISES SUN SETS 05:22 hrs 17:46 hrs MOON RISES MOON SETS 01:3 hrs 15:5 hrs Full Moon on 15 September THUMBNAILS UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and his wife Akshata Murthy during their visit to Akshardham temple, in New Delhi. ANI Rain halts India vs Pak match: For the second time this Asia Cup, rain played spoilsport in a match involving India and Pakistan. Their Super Four clash at the R Premadasa Stadium in Colombo was halted due to rain. India were 147 for 2 in 24.1 overs when play had to be halted. The match will resume on Monday. NEW DELHI, 9 SEPTEMBER rime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday called for reforms in global institutions, including the UN Security Council, and for global standards to regulate crypto-currencies. “If we have to take the world towards a better future, it is necessary that global institutions should be based on present day realities. The UN Security Council is an example. When the UN was formed, the world was entirely different from what it is today. There were only 51 founding members in the UN. Today despite the fact that this number has reached about 200, the number of permanent members in the UNSC remains the same,” Mr Modi lamented, addressing the third and final session of the two-day G20 Summit. The PM said the world has undergone a dramatic change in every respect, be it transport, communication, health or education. “There has been a trans- P PM Narendra Modi with US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and G20 leaders at Raj Ghat to pay homage to Mahatma Gandhi on Sunday. ANI formation in every sector. These new realities must be reflected in global structures,” he added. Mr Modi said it was the law of nature that if an institution would not change with the passage of time, it would lose its relevance. “We have to consider with an open mind why so many regional forums have come into being in recent years and they have proved to be effective,” he added. The PM emphasised the need for every global institution to undertake reforms. Keeping this reality in mind, the G20 took a historic initiative on Saturday by admitting the African Union (AU) as a permanent member to the grouping, he pointed out. “Similarly, we will have to expand the mandate of multilateral development banks. Our decisions in this direction should be immediate and effective,” Delhi summit has proved G20 can still drive solutions to pressing issues: Biden STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 10 SEPTEMBER Just before leaving India after attending the G20 Summit, US President Joe Biden on Sunday said this year’s summit has proved that the grouping can still drive solutions to the most pressing issues of the climate crisis, fragility, and conflict. Taking to microblogging site X, the US President said: “At a moment when the global economy is suffering from the overlapping shocks of the climate crisis, fragility, and conflict, this year’s Summit proved that the G20 can still drive solutions to our most pressing issues.” The American leader, who actively participated in different sessions at the G20 Summit, also hailed the U.S., India, Saudi Arabia, UAE, France, Germany, Italy and EU agreement for a new IndiaMiddle East-Europe Eco- nomic Corridor, calling it historic. “This project is about more than just laying tracks. This is a game-changing regional investment,” he said. Many consider the economic corridor as an attempt to counter China's ambitious PM Modi, Macron meet, vow to strengthen India-France defence ties STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE The two leaders discussed, assessed and reviewed the progress in bilateral relations since their last meeting in July 2023 in Paris NEW DELHI, 10 SEPTEMBER Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron on Sunday reiterated their commitment to strengthen bilateral defence cooperation through partnership in design, development, testing and manufacture of advanced defence technologies and platforms, and expand production in India, including for third countries in the Indo-Pacific and beyond. In this context, they also called for early finalisation of the Defence Industrial Roadmap. The two leaders had a bilateral meeting over lunch after the conclusion of the G20 Summit. The two leaders discussed, assessed and reviewed the progress in bilateral relations since their last meeting in July 2023 in Paris. They also exchanged views on important international and regional developments. The two leaders emphasised the need to expand their collaboration to address regional and global challenges, acknowledging the strength of India France partnership, founded in deep trust, shared values, belief P9 Says new realities should be reflected in new global structure Min. 57 % PM Narendra Modi meets French President Emmanuel Macron during a lunch, in New Delhi on Sunday. ANI in sovereignty and strategic autonomy. They reiterated their unwavering commitment to collectively serve as a force of good, carrying the message of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ i.e. ‘one earth, one family, one future’, during tumultuous times reshaping the global order. With the ‘Horizon 2047’ Roadmap, the Indo-Pacific Roadmap and other outcomes during PM Modi’s visit to Paris serving as recent points of reference, the two leaders discussed overall progress and next steps on the implementation of the new and ambitious goals for cooperation in areas of defence, space, nuclear energy, digital public infrastructure, critical technology, climate change, education, and people-to-people contacts. They also carried forward their discussions on IndiaFrance partnership in the Indo Pacific region and Africa, including in infrastructure, connectivity, energy, biodiversity, sustainability and industrial projects. They underlined their role as providers of solutions for the Indo-Pacific through their cooperation in the framework of the International Solar Alliance, launched by India and France, and the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure. President Macron congratulated Mr Modi on India’s success of Mission Chandrayaan 3. Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). “One Earth, One Family, One Future. That’s the focus of this G20 Summit: building resilient infrastructure, making quality infrastructure investments, and creating a better future that represents greater opportunity, dignity, and prosperity for everyone,” Mr Biden said. He also wrote about the Global Biofuels Alliance among India, Argentina, Brazil, Italy, Mauritius, UAE and the US, describing it as a partnership to make progress in their shared commitment to deploy cleaner, greener fuels around the world to help meet decarbonisation goals. Lavrov:Delhi Declaration a victory for Global South STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, 10 SEPTEMBER Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov today complimented India for hosting a 'breakthrough' G20 Summit and ensuring the forum was not ‘politicised’ by the West for condemning his country over the RussiaUkraine conflict. “If you look at the New Delhi Declaration, there is no condemnation of Russia...the document is a victory of the Global South,” he said at a press conference here. Mr Lavrov said the summit showed a path to the world to move forward on a range of challenges and demonstrated the strength and importance of the Global South. India, he said, played an important role in ''preventing the West'' from taking forward their approach on many issues, including Ukraine. The Russian minister also noted that the G20 Summit in New Delhi provided a direction towards fairness in global governance and global finance as well. (See Page 5) CMYK US OPEN: GAUFF CAPTURES FIRST GRAND SLAM TITLE VATICAN BEATIFIES POLISH FAMILY KILLED FOR HIDING JEWS he added. Mr Modi said the field of crypto-currency, and the linked issues of social order, monetary and financial stability have emerged as a new topic for everyone. “Therefore, we have to develop global standards to regulate crypto-currencies. We have the Basel standards on bank regulation in front of us as a model,” he noted. He said there was a need to take concrete steps in this direction as soon as possible. Similarly, global cooperation and framework were also needed for cyber security. Terrorism, he said, was getting new mediums and new methods of funding from the cyber world. “This is a very important subject for the security and prosperity of every country.” The PM said the world was witnessing unimaginable scale and speed in new generation technology. The example of Artificial Intelligence was in front of everyone. “In 2019, the G20 adopted ‘Principles on AI’. Today we need to go one step further,” he said. P12 G20 Summit concludes; PM hands over gavel to Brazil ASHOK TUTEJA NEW DELHI, 10 SEPTEMBER The two-day G20 Summit concluded in New Delhi this afternoon with Prime Minister Narendra Modi proposing a virtual G20 session in November to review the suggestions and proposals for cooperation among the top global economies. “As you all know India has the responsibility of G20 presidency till November 2023. There are still two and a half months left. In these two days, all of you have given a lot of suggestions and placed proposals. It is our duty to see how faster progress can be achieved on these,” the Indian leader said. “I propose that at the end of November, we hold a virtual session of G20. We can review the topics decided in this Summit, in that virtual session. I hope you all will connect in the virtual session. With this, I declare the conclusion of the G20 Summit,” he added. Before declaring the summit closed, Mr Modi handed over the gavel to Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, whose country will hold the next summit. The Indian leader offered his best wishes to Brazil for PM Narendra Modi hands over the gavel of the G20 Presidency to Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva on Sunday. ANI the presidency. Brazil officially will take over the mantle of the presidency of the grouping on 1 December. Mr Modi assured the Brazilian president that the G20 nations would provide their full support to his country and were confident that under Brazil's leadership, the G-20 would further the shared goals of the member nations. The Brazilian leader, on his part, congratulated Mr Modi and thanked India for its efforts to give voice to the topics of interest to emerging economies. Mr Modi ended his brief speech with a Sanskrit phrase: Swasti Astu Vishwasya! (There should be As you all know India has the responsibility of G20 presidency till November 2023. There are still two and a half months left. In these two days, all of you have given a lot of suggestions and placed proposals. It is our duty to see how faster progress can be achieved on these NARENDRA MODI PRIME MINISTER hope and peace in the entire world). Usually the summit declaration is adopted on the concluding day. But in New Delhi, India was able to achieve a consensus on the declaration on the first day itself despite sharp differences between Western countries on the one side and Russia and China on the other over the language to be used in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. India succeeded in finding a middle path and brought out a unanimous declaration which had several paragraphs on the war in Ukraine though there was no direct condemnation of Russia. (More on Pgs 5,8)
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